Study of the relationships between organisms and their environment. Physiological ecology focuses on the relationships between individual organisms and the physical and chemical features of their environment. Behavioral ecologists study the behaviours of individual organisms as they react to their environment. Population ecology is the study of processes that affect the distribution and abundance of animal and plant populations. Community ecology studies how communities of plant and animal populations function and are organized; it frequently concentrates on particular subsets of organisms such as plant communities or insect communities. Ecosystem ecology examines large-scale ecological issues, ones that often are framed in terms of measures such as biomass, energy flow, and nutrient cycling. Applied ecology applies ecological principles to the management of populations of crops and animals. Theoretical ecologists provide simulations of particular practical problems and develop models of general ecological relevance. Seealso systems ecology.

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In ecology, bionomics (Greek: bio = life; nomos = law) is the comprehensive study of an organism and its relation to its environment - Translated from the French word Bionomie - first use in English in 1885-1890. Today we call it, "ecology".

  1. Sometimes used as a subdiscipline of Ecological Economics. An example of studies of this type is Richard B. Selander's Bionomics, Systematics and Phylogeny of Lytta, a Genus of Blister Beetles (Coleoptera, Meloidae), Illinois Biological Monographs: number 28, 1960. Michael Rothschild used the term in his book, but does not make reference to prior uses.

A term sometimes considered as derived from biology and economics - an economic theory describing economy using the principles of biology (economy as a self-organizing ecosystem). See Michael Rothschild: "Bionomics: Economy As Ecosystem" (ISBN 0-8050-1979-0). Bionomics: Michael Rothschild

Bionomics Limited: an Australian biotech company.

  1. The branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment.

Information from The International Bionomics Institute:

  1. Bionomics may be defined two different ways:
  2. as an economic discipline which studies economy as a self organized evolving ecosystem (Michael Rothschild);
  3. as a biological discipline which studies the economic species (living organisms having economic nature), relations between them and relations between them and their environment (Igor Flor)
  4. The main method of bionomics is the comparative bioeconomic analysis based on the universal system of bioeconomic analogies (parallels).

Bionomics is one of the best ways to bring economy (technosphere) into harmony with ecosystem (biosphere) and help the mankind avoid the ecological catastrophe.

The source: International Bionomics Institute


On Mediterranean benthic bionomics

  • Pérès J. M. & J. Picard, 1951. Nouvelle carte des fonds du Golfe de Marseille. Vie et Milieu, 7 p. avec carte.
  • Pérès J. M. & J. Picard, 1955. Biotopes et biocoenoses de la Méditerranée occidentale comparées à ceux de la manche et de l’Atlantique nord-oriental. Arch. zool. Exp. géné., 92 (1), 1-71.
  • Pérès J. M. & J. Picard, 1964. Nouveau manuel de Bionomie benthique de la Mer Méditerranée. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, 47 (31), 3-137.
  • Pérès J. M, 1982. Ocean Management. In : Marine Ecology Ed. O. Kinne, Wiley, London, 5 (1), 642 p.
  • Igor Flor, 2005. BIONOMICS. Analysis based on bioeconomic analogies, Chelyabinsk, Frigate, 380 p.


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