Definitions

biological children

List of children of the Presidents of the United States

This is a list of children of U.S. Presidents, step-children, adopted children, and alleged illegitimate children included. All full names with married names are given. This list also includes their spouses and any known children they had and a “?” for unknown number of children.

Presidential children have been studied individually, and as a class. As individuals, they are more often notable in their own right than most individuals: They disproportionately circulate amongst political and social leaders and the wealthier classes, and they are more likely to be scrutinized as part of celebrity culture. Additionally, as individuals they frequently have significant influence on other notable family members. So, for instance, a child who may appear otherwise non-notable as an individual may, in fact, have had a significant influence on the child's parent: acting as a sounding board, or having behavioral issues that affected the parent's beliefs or performance.

As a class, the children of presidents have also occasioned significant study. Study has generally followed two paths: The issue of what access and inclusion within the circles of power does to individuals' lives, aspirations, and outcomes; and the issue of their influence on society and politics.

George Washington and Martha Dandridge Custis Washington

No children together. Martha first husband, Daniel Parke Custis (October 15, 1711July 8, 1757), had four children, two of whom were still living at the time of her marriage to Washington (those who did not survive were Daniel Parke Custis, Jr. November 19, 1751February 19, 1754 and Frances Parke Custis April 12, 1753April 1, 1757):''

John Adams and Abigail Smith Adams

Thomas Jefferson and Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson

  • Martha had one son, John Wayles Skelton (November 7, 1767 - June 10, 1771) with her first husband Bathurst Skelton (1744-1768). John died months before her marriage to Jefferson.
  • Martha “Patsy” Washington Jefferson Randolph (September 27, 1772 – October 10, 1836)
  • Jane Randolph Jefferson (April 3, 1774 – September, 1775), named after her paternal grandmother, cause of death unknown.
  • unnamed son (May 28, 1777 – June 14, 1777)
  • Mary “Polly” “Maria” Jefferson Eppes (August 1, 1778 – April 17, 1804)
    • m. John Wayles Eppes, 3 children
  • Lucy Elizabeth (I) Jefferson (November 3, 1780 – April 15, 1781), died from illness.
  • Lucy Elizabeth (II) Jefferson (May 8, 1782 – October 13, 1784), died from "teething, worms and Whooping Cough" as the doctor wrote.
  • Alleged children of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings

    • Tom Hemings (1790 - ?) (Evidence concerning this child is contradictory.)
    • Harriet Hemings (I) (October 5, 1795 - December 1797)
    • Beverly Hemings (possibly born William Beverly Hemings) (April 1, 1798 - after 1873)
      • m. (wife's name unknown), 1 child
    • daughter (possibly named Thenia, after Hemings's deceased sister) (December 7, 1799 - ca. 1802)
    • Harriet Hemings (II) (May, 1801 - after 1863)
      • m. (husband's name unknown), several children
    • Madison Hemings (possibly born James Madison Hemings) (January, 1805 - 1877)
      • m. Mary Hughes McCoy, 10 children
    • Eston Hemings (possibly born Thomas Eston Hemings) (May, 1808 - 1856)
      • m. Julia Ann Isaacs, 3 children

    James Madison and Dolley Payne Todd Madison

    No children together, but raised Dolley's son from her first marriage.

    • John Payne Todd (stepson) (February 29, 1792 – 1852) was the first son of Dolley's first husband, John Todd, Jr. (1764-1793). Their second son William Temple Todd (b./d. 1793) died the same year as his father in a yellow fever epidemic.

    James Monroe and Elizabeth Kortright Monroe

    John Quincy Adams and Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams

    • George Washington Adams (April 12, 1801 – April 30, 1829)
    • John Adams II (July 4, 1803 – October 23, 1834)
      • m. Mary Catherine Hellen
    • unnamed son (died shortly after birth, 1806)
    • Charles Francis Adams, Sr. (August 18, 1807 – November 21, 1886)
      • m. Abigail Brown Brooks
    • Louisa Catherine Adams (1811 – 1812), born and died from winter illness in Russia; birth and death dates never recorded

    Andrew Jackson and Rachel Donelson Robards Jackson

    No biological children together, adopted two:

    • Andrew Jackson Jr. (December 4, 1808 – 1865) (adopted at birth, twin of Thomas Jefferson Donelson, and a nephew of Rachel, son of Severn Donelson)
      • m. Sarah Yorke, 5 children
    • Lincoya Jackson (c. 1812 – June 1, 1828) (adopted orphaned Creek Indian)

    Also guardians of eight additional children including:

    • Orphaned nephews of Rachel, sons of Samuel Donelson who died in 1804;
    • Orphaned grandnephew of Rachel;
      • Andrew Jackson Hutchings (1812 - 1841)
    • Orphaned children of family friend Edward Butler;
      • Caroline Butler
      • Eliza Butler
      • Edward Butler
      • Anthony Butler

    Martin Van Buren and Hannah Hoes Van Buren

    William Henry Harrison and Anna Tuthill Symmes Harrison

    John Tyler and Letitia Christian Tyler

    Alleged son of John Tyler and a slave

    John Tyler and Julia Gardiner Tyler

    James Knox Polk and Sarah Childress Polk

    No natural children, but raised Polk's nephew as their ward:

    After the death of James, Sarah was guardian of:

    • Sarah Polk Jetton (1847-1924)
      • m. George William Fall

    Zachary Taylor and Margaret Mackall Smith Taylor

    Millard Fillmore and Abigail Powers Fillmore

    Millard Fillmore and Caroline Carmichael McIntosh Fillmore

    • No children together

    Franklin Pierce and Jane Means Appleton Pierce

    • Franklin Pierce, Jr. (February 2, 1836 – February 5, 1836), cause of death unknown.
    • Frank Robert Pierce (August 27, 1839 – November 14, 1843), died from typhus fever.
    • Benjamin “Bennie” Pierce (April 13, 1841 – January 16, 1853), died in train accident in front of his parents, weeks before his father was inaugurated.

    James Buchanan

    No children; served as guardian to two nieces:

    • Mary Elizabeth Speer Lane (1826 - 1855)
      • m. George Baker
    • Harriet Rebecca Lane (May 9, 1830 - July 3, 1903)
      • m. Henry Elliott Johnston, 2 children

    Abraham Lincoln and Mary Ann Todd Lincoln

    Andrew Johnson and Eliza McCardle Johnson

    Ulysses Simpson Grant and Julia Boggs Dent Grant

    Rutherford Birchard Hayes and Lucy Ware Webb Hayes

    • Sardis Birchard Austin Hayes (November 4, 1853 – January 24, 1926)
      • m. Mary Sherman, 5 children
    • James Webb Cook Hayes (March 20, 1856 – July 26, 1934)
      • m. Mary Otis Miller, no children
    • Rutherford Platt Hayes (June 24, 1858 – July 21, 1927)
      • m. Lucy Hayes Platt, 3 children
    • Joseph “Jody” Thompson Hayes (December 21, 1861 – June 24, 1863), died of dysentery
    • George Crook Hayes (September 29, 1864 – May 24, 1866), died of scarlet fever
    • Fanny Hayes Smith (September 2, 1867 – March 18, 1950)
      • m. Mary Eaton Smith, one child
    • Scott Russell Hayes (February 8, 1871 – May 6, 1923)
      • m. Maude Anderson, no children
    • Manning Force Hayes (August 1, 1873 – August 28, 1874), died of unknown causes

    James Abram Garfield and Lucretia Rudolph Garfield

    Chester Alan Arthur and Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur

    Grover Cleveland 1st term

    Alleged son of Grover Cleveland and Maria Crofts Halpin

    • Oscar Folsom Cleveland, (September 1874 - ?), adopted by James and Sarah King of Buffalo, New York before his fifth birthday; his name was changed to James E. King. Here, evidence becomes sketchy: he may have become a physician, died before the age of 30, and been buried in Warren, Pennsylvania.

    Benjamin Harrison and Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison

    Benjamin Harrison and Mary Scott Lord Dimmick Harrison

    Grover Cleveland and Frances Clara Folsom Cleveland (later Preston)

    William McKinley and Ida Saxton McKinley

    • Katherine “Katie” McKinley (December 25, 1871 – June 25, 1875), died of typhoid fever.
    • Ida McKinley (daughter) (April 1, 1873 – August 22, 1873), died of unknown causes.

    Theodore Roosevelt and Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt and Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt

    William Howard Taft and Helen Louise Herron "Nellie" Taft

    Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise Axson Wilson

    Woodrow Wilson and Edith Bolling Galt Wilson

    • No children together (Mrs. Wilson and her first husband, Norman Galt, had a son in 1903 who died a few days after birth.)

    Warren Gamaliel Harding and Florence “Flossie” Mabel Kling DeWolfe Harding

    • No children together.
    • Marshall Eugene “Pete” DeWolfe (stepson) (September 22, 1880 – January 1, 1915), was the son of Flossie's first husband, Henry Athenton (Pete) DeWolfe, whom she divorced.
      • m. Esther Naomi Neely, 2 children

    Alleged daughter of Warren Harding and Nan Britton

    Calvin Coolidge and Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge

    Herbert Clark Hoover and Lou Henry Hoover

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Anna Eleanor Roosevelt

    • Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, Jr. (later Halsted) (May 3, 1906 – December 1, 1975)
      • m. Curtis Bean Dall, 2 children, divorced
      • m. (Clarence)John Boettiger, 1 child, divorced
      • m. James Addison Halstead, no children
    • James “Jimmy” Roosevelt (December 23, 1907 – August 13, 1991)
      • m. Betsey Maria Cushing, 2 children, divorced
      • m. Romelle Theresa Schneider, 3 children, divorced
      • m. Gladys Irene Kitchenmaster Owens, 1 adopted child, divorced
      • m. Mary Lena Winskill, 1 child
    • Franklin Roosevelt (March 18, 1909 – November 8, 1909)
    • Elliott Roosevelt (September 23, 1910 – October 27, 1990)
      • m. Elizabeth Browning Donner, 1 child, divorced
      • m. Ruth Josephine Googins, 3 children, divorced
      • m. Faye Margaret Emerson (actress), no children, divorced
      • m. Minnewa Bell Burnside Gray Ross, no children, divorced
      • m. Patricia Peabody Whitehead, adopted her 4 children, 1 child together who died an infant
    • Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr. (August 17, 1914 – August 17, 1988)
      • m. Ethel du Pont, 2 children (including FDR III), divorced
      • m. Suzanne Perrin, 2 children, divorced
      • m. Felicia Schiff Warburg Sarnoff, no children, divorced
      • m. Patricia Luisa Oakes, 1 child, divorced
      • m. Linda McKay Stevenson Weicker, no children
    • John Aspinwall Roosevelt (March 13, 1916 – April 27, 1981)
      • m. Anne Lindsay Clark, 4 children, divorced
      • m. Irene Boyd McAlpin, no children

    Harry S Truman and Elizabeth “Bess” Virginia Wallace Truman

    Dwight David Eisenhower and Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower

    John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy (later Onassis)

    Lyndon Baines Johnson and Claudia Alta Taylor “Lady Bird” Johnson

    Alleged son of Lyndon Baines Johnson and Madeleine Duncan Brown

    • Steven Mark Brown (December 27, 1950 - September 28, 1990) filed lawsuit for a share of LBJ's estate; died of cancer before suit was resolved

    Richard Milhous Nixon and Thelma Catherine Ryan "Pat" Nixon

    Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. and Elizabeth Ann Bloomer Warren Ford

    James Earl Carter, Jr. and Eleanor Rosalynn Smith Carter

    Ronald Wilson Reagan and Jane Wyman

    Ronald Wilson Reagan and Nancy Davis Reagan

    George Herbert Walker Bush and Barbara Pierce Bush

    William Jefferson Clinton and Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton

    George Walker Bush and Laura Lane Welch Bush

    Among the presidents, George W. Bush is the only father of twins:

    Living Presidential Children

    As of August 2008, 25 presidential children are living. In age order, they are:

    The most recent presidential child to die was Mary Margaret Truman Daniel, on January 29, 2008.

    Notes

    References

    • Bonnie Angelo, First Families: The Impact of the White House on Their Lives, ISBN 0060563567
    • William A. Degregorio, The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents, Wings Books, 1991
    • Doug Wead, All the President's Children: Triumph and Tragedy in the Lives of America's First Families, Atria Books, New York, 2003, ISBN 0-7434-4631-3

    Further reading

    • Larry D. Underwood. All the President's Children, Dageford Publishing, 2002, ISBN 1886225850 (a children's book)
    • Quinn-Musgrove, Sandra L. and Kanter, Sanford, America's Royalty: All the President's Children, Olympic Marketing, ISBN 0313236453

    External links

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