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Bingham

Bingham

[bing-uhm]
Bingham, Caleb, 1757-1817, American textbook writer, b. Salisbury, Conn. He taught until 1796, then became a bookseller and publisher in Boston. He wrote and published some of the earliest grammars, spelling books, and geographies. He was best known for his readers The American Preceptor (1794) and The Columbian Orator (1797), both widely used in New England schools for the next quarter century.
Bingham, George Caleb, 1811-79, American genre painter and politician, b. Augusta co., Va. His family moved (1819) to Missouri, which was the site of most of Bingham's activities. In 1837 he studied for a short time at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. From 1856 to 1859 he traveled in Europe, studying at Düsseldorf for a time. Journeys on the Mississippi and through the South resulted in such paintings as Fur Traders Descending the Missouri (Metropolitan Mus.); Daniel Boone Coming Through the Cumberland Gap (1851; Washington Univ., St. Louis); and Raftsmen Playing Cards (City Art Mus., St. Louis). Bingham entered Missouri politics with his election to the legislature in 1848 (he had been defeated in 1846); he served as state treasurer (1862-65), after a year in the Union army, and became state adjutant general in 1875. Such pictures as The Verdict of the People and Stump Speaking (Mercantile Library Association, St. Louis) reflect his interest in politics. His scenes—vigorous, interesting in composition, humorous, and faithfully representing their time and locale—were very popular in his day, and engravings from them sold widely.

See catalog and study by E. M. Bloch (2 vol., 1967, repr. 1986).

Bingham, Hiram, 1789-1869, American Congregationalist missionary, b. Bennington, Vt. In 1819 the American Board of Missions sent him, with others, to found the first Protestant mission in the Hawaiian Islands. Bingham adapted the Hawaiian language to writing, published Elementary Lessons in Hawaiian (1822), and, with his associates, translated the Bible into Hawaiian.

See his A Residence of Twenty-one Years in the Sandwich Islands (1847, 3d ed. rev. 1969).

Bingham, Hiram, 1831-1908, American Congregationalist missionary, b. Honolulu; son of Hiram Bingham (1789-1869). In 1857 he founded a mission on Abaiang in the Gilbert Islands (now part of Kiribati). Bingham adapted the language of the Gilbert Islands to writing. He translated the Bible and also prepared in Gilbertese a Bible dictionary, a hymnbook, and a commentary on the Gospels.
Bingham, Hiram, 1875-1956, American archaeologist, historian, and statesman, b. Honolulu; son of Hiram Bingham (1831-1908). He was educated at Yale (B.A., 1898), the Univ. of California (M.A., 1900), and Harvard (M.A., 1901; Ph.D., 1905) and later taught (1907-23) at Yale. Bingham headed archaeological expeditions sent from Yale in 1911, 1912, and 1914-15 to South America and investigated the Inca ruins of Vitcos and Machu Picchu in 1911 and 1912, bringing them to the attention of the outside world for the first time. Bingham incorrectly identified Machu Picchu as the "lost city" of Vilcabamba, the final stronghold of the Inca leader Manco Capac against the Spanish, which was finally destroyed in 1572. Ironically, Bingham was the first modern explorer to reach Espiritu Pampa, located c.60 miles (110 km) east of Machu Picchu, a site now recognized by most experts as the actual remains of Vilcabamba. His well-known books deal with these expeditions and with Machu Picchu—Journal of an Expedition across Venezuela and Colombia (1909), Across South America (1911), Inca Land (1922), Machu Picchu, a Citadel of the Incas (1930), and Lost City of the Incas (1948). In World War I he was notable as an aviator, heading an Allied flying school in France. After leaving Yale, he served as lieutenant governor (1923-24) and governor (1925) of Connecticut and as U.S. senator (1925-33). He also wrote about the Monroe Doctrine and other policies of state.
Bingham, Joseph, 1668-1723, English theologian. He is known for his learned work on Christian antiquities (10 vol., 1708-22).

Fur Traders Descending the Missouri, oil on canvas by George Caleb elipsis

(born March 20, 1811, Augusta county, Va., U.S.—died July 7, 1879, Kansas City, Mo.) U.S. painter and frontier politician. He studied briefly at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, but he was largely self-taught. He entered politics in Missouri and worked as an itinerant portrait painter before turning to the lively routines of frontier life for inspiration. Bingham is known for his incisive characterizations, clear, golden light, and talent for organizing large, dense compositions. His best-known works include Fur Traders Descending the Missouri (1845) and Jolly Flatboatmen (1846).

Learn more about Bingham, George Caleb with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Fur Traders Descending the Missouri, oil on canvas by George Caleb elipsis

(born March 20, 1811, Augusta county, Va., U.S.—died July 7, 1879, Kansas City, Mo.) U.S. painter and frontier politician. He studied briefly at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, but he was largely self-taught. He entered politics in Missouri and worked as an itinerant portrait painter before turning to the lively routines of frontier life for inspiration. Bingham is known for his incisive characterizations, clear, golden light, and talent for organizing large, dense compositions. His best-known works include Fur Traders Descending the Missouri (1845) and Jolly Flatboatmen (1846).

Learn more about Bingham, George Caleb with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Bingham is a village in Fayette County, Illinois, United States. The population was 117 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Bingham is located at (39.113898, -89.212460).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 117 people, 44 households, and 27 families residing in the village. The population density was 429.6 people per square mile (167.3/km²). There were 50 housing units at an average density of 183.6/sq mi (71.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.15% White, and 0.85% from two or more races.

There were 44 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the village the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 16.2% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 108.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $20,938, and the median income for a family was $16,250. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $16,875 for females. The per capita income for the village was $9,780. There were 42.1% of families and 39.2% of the population living below the poverty line, including 55.6% of under eighteens and 25.0% of those over 64.

References

External links

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