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List of national libraries

This is a list of national libraries of the world. A national library is a library specifically established by the government of a nation to serve as the preeminent repository of information for that country. Unlike public libraries, these rarely allow citizens to borrow books. Often, they include numerous rare, valuable, or significant works; such as the Library of Congress's Gutenberg Bible. National libraries are usually notable for their size, compared to that of other libraries in the same country.

Some national entities which are not independent but who wish to preserve their particular culture, have established a national library with all the attributes of such institutions, such as legal deposit.

Many national libraries cooperate within the National Libraries Section of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) to discuss their common tasks, define and promote common standards and carry out projects helping them to fulfil their duties. National libraries of Europe participate in The European Library. This is a service of The Conference of European National Librarians (CENL).

The list below is organized alphabetically by country, according to the list of countries. A "*" indicates a national library of a non-sovereign nation. It is listed under the sovereign state which governs that nation.

List of national libraries

A

Country Library City Official website
Abkhazia I.G. Papaskir National Library of Abkhazia Sukhumi
Afghanistan National Library of Afghanistan Kabul
Åland Islands Mariehamn's Library (Mariehamns stadsbibliotek) Mariehamn
Albania National Library of Albania (Biblioteka Kombëtare e Shqipërisë) Tirana
Algeria National Library of Algeria (Bibliothèque nationale d'Algérie = المكتبة الوطنية الجزائرية) Algiers
Andorra Andorra National Library (Biblioteca Nacional d'Andorra) Andorra la Vella
Angola National Library of Angola (Biblioteca Nacional de Angola) Luanda
Argentina National Library of the Argentine Republic (Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina) Buenos Aires
Armenia National Library of Armenia (ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ԱԶԳԱՅԻՆ ԳՐԱԴԱՐԱՆ) Yerevan
Aruba Aruba National Library (Biblioteca Nacional Aruba) Oranjestad
Australia National Library of Australia Canberra
* South Australia State Library of South Australia Adelaide
Austria Austrian National Library (Österreichische Nationalbibliothek) Vienna
Azerbaijan Akhundov National Library (Axundov adına Azərbaycan Milli Kitabxanası, National Library of Azerbaijan) Baku

B

Country Library City Official website
Bahamas College of The Bahamas Library (de facto) Nassau
Bahrain Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa National Library (under construction) Manama
Bangladesh National Library of Bangladesh Dhaka
Barbados National Library Service of Barbados Bridgetown
Belarus The National Library of Belarus (Национальная библиотека Белоруссии) Minsk
Belgium Royal Library of Belgium (Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België = Bibliothèque royale de Belgique) Brussels
Belize National Library Service of Belize Belize City
Benin National Library of Benin (Bibliothèque nationale du Bénin) Porto Novo
Bermuda Bermuda National Library Hamilton
Bhutan National Library of Bhutan Thimphu
Bolivia National Library and Archive of Bolivia (Biblioteca y Archivo Nacional de Bolivia) Sucre
Bosnia and Herzegovina National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Nacionalna i univerzitetska biblioteka Bosne i Hercegovine) Sarajevo
* Republika Srpska National and University Library of the Republic of Srpska (Народна и универзитетска библиотека Републике Српске) Banja Luka
Botswana National Library Service of Botswana Gaborone
Brazil National Library of Brazil (Fundação Biblioteca Nacional) Rio de Janeiro
Brunei Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka Library (Dewan Bahasa and Pustaka Brunei Library) Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgaria SS. Cyril and Methodius National Library (Народна Библиотека Св. Св. Кирил и Методий) Sofia
Burkina Faso National Library of Burkina Faso (Bibliothèque nationale du Burkina Faso) Ouagadougou
Burundi National Library of Burundi (Bibliothèque nationale du Burundi) Bujumbura

C

Country Library City Official website
Cambodia National Library of Cambodia Phnom Penh
Cameroon National Library of Cameroun (Bibliothèque nationale du Cameroun) Yaounde
Canada Library and Archives Canada (= Bibliothèque et Archives Canada) Ottawa
Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (= Institut canadien de l'information scientifique et technique) Ottawa
* Quebec National Library and Archives of Quebec (Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec) Montreal
Cape Verde National Library of Cape Verde (Biblioteca Nacional de Cabo Verde)
Central African Republic [national library created in legislation but does not exist yet] Bangui
Chad National Library of Chad (Bibliothèque nationale du Tchad) N'Djamena
Chile National Library of Chile (Biblioteca Nacional de Chile) Santiago
People's Republic of China National Library of China (中国国家图书馆) Beijing
* Hong Kong Hong Kong Central Library (香港中央圖書館) Hong Kong
* Macau Macau Central Library (Biblioteca Central de Macau, 澳門中央圖書館) Macau
Republic of China (Taiwan) National Central Library (國家圖書館) Taipei
Colombia National Library of Colombia (Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia) Bogotá
Comores National Centre for Documentation and Scientific Research (Centre National de Documentation et de Recherche Scientifique) Moroni
Republic of the Congo People's National Library (Bibliothèque nationale populaire) Brazzaville
Democratic Republic of the Congo National Library of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Bibliothèque nationale de la République démocratique du Congo) Kinshasa
Cook Islands Cook Islands Library and Museum Society Rarotonga
Costa Rica National Library "Miguel Obregon Lizano" of Costa Rica (Biblioteca nacional "Miguel Obregón Lizano" de Costa Rica) San José
National Library of Health and Social Security (Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social) San José
Côte d'Ivoire National Library of Côte d'Ivoire (Bibliothèque nationale de Côte d'Ivoire) Abidjan
Croatia National and University Library Zagreb (Nacionalna i sveučilišna knjižnica) Zagreb
Cuba National Library José Martí (Biblioteca Nacional José Martí) Habana
Cyprus Cyprus Library (Κυπριακή Βιβλιοθήκη) Nicosia
Czech Republic National Library of the Czech Republic (Národní knihovna České republiky) Prague

D

Country Library City Official website
Denmark Danish Royal Library (Det Kongelige Bibliotek) Copenhagen
National Veterinary and Agricultural Library (Danmarks Veterinær og Jordbrugsbibliotek) Frederiksberg
National Library of Education (Danmarks Pædagogiske Bibliotek) Copenhagen
Djibouti National Documentation Centre of Djibouti (Centre national de documentation de Djibouti) Djibouti
Dominica Public Library Roseau
Dominican Republic National Library Pedro Henríquez Ureña (Biblioteca Nacional Pedro Henríquez Ureña) Santo Domingo

E

Country Library City Official website
East Timor [no national library as per mid-2008]
Ecuador National Library of Ecuador (Biblioteca Nacional del Ecuador) Quito
Egypt Egyptian National Library and Archives Cairo
Egyptian National Agricultural Library Giza
El Salvador National Library of El Salvador (Biblioteca Nacional de El Salvador) San Salvador
Equatorial Guinea Ministry of Education and Sciences (Ministerio de educación y ciencia) Malabo
Eritrea Research and Documentation Center of Eritrea Asmara
Estonia National Library of Estonia (Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu) Tallinn
Ethiopia National Archives and Library of Ethiopia Addis Ababa

F

Country Library City Official website
Faroe Islands National Library of the Faroe Islands (Føroya landsbókasavn) Tórshavn
Fiji Library Service of Fiji Suva
Finland National Library of Finland (Kansalliskirjasto = Nationalbibliotek) Helsinki
France Bibliothèque nationale de France [National Library of France] Paris

G

Country Library City Official website
Gabon Gabon National Library (Direction générale des Archives nationales, de la Bibliothèque nationale et de la Documentation gabonaise, DGABD) Libreville
The Gambia National Library of The Gambia Banjul
Georgia National Parliamentary Library of Georgia Tbilisi
Germany German National Library (Deutsche Nationalbibliothek), with duties shared between:
Deutsche Bücherei Leipzig
Deutsche Bibliothek Frankfurt
German Music Archive (Deutsches Musikarchiv)


Leipzig
Frankfurt a.M.
Berlin
Ghana George Padmore Research Library (division of Ghana Library Board) Accra
Greece National Library of Greece (Εθνική Βιβλιοθήκη της Ελλάδος) Athens
Greenland Public and National Library of Greenland (Det Grønlandske Landsbibliotek = Nunatta Atuagaateqarfia) Nuuk
Grenada Grenada Public Library St. George's
Guatemala National Library of Guatemala (Biblioteca Nacional de Guatemala) Guatemala City
Guinea National Library of Guinea (Bibliothèque nationale de Guinée) Conakry
Guinea-Bissau National Institute for Studies and Research (Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisa, INEP) Bissau
Guyana National Library of Guyana Georgetown

H

Country Library City Official website
Haiti National Library of Haiti (Bibliothèque nationale d'Haïti) Port-au-Prince
Honduras National Library of Honduras (Biblioteca Nacional de Honduras) Tegucigalpa
Hungary National Széchényi Library (Országos Széchényi Könyvtár) Budapest

I

Country Library City Official website
Iceland National and University Library of Iceland (Landsbókasafn Íslands Háskólabókasafn) Reykjavík
India National Library of India Calcutta
National Science Library of India New Delhi
National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) New Delhi
Indonesia National Library of Indonesia (Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia) Central Jakarta
Iran National Library of Iran (Ketabkeneh -e- Melli -e- Iran) Tehran
Malek National Library (Ketabkeneh -e- Melli -e- Malek) Tehran
Iraq Iraq National Library and Archive Baghdad
Ireland National Library of Ireland = Leabharlann Náisiúnta na hÉireann Dublin
Isle of Man National Library and Archives (Manx National Heritage) Douglas
Israel National Library of Israel (הספרייה הלאומית) Jerusalem
Italy National Central Library (Florence) (Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale Firenze) Florence
National Central Library (Rome) (Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma) Rome
Vittorio Emanuele III National Library (Biblioteca Nazionale "Vittorio Emanuele III" di Napoli) Naples

J

Country Library City Official website
Jamaica National Library of Jamaica Kingston
Japan National Diet Library Tokyo
Jersey Jersey Library Saint Helier
Jordan National Library of Jordan Amman

K

Country Library City Official website
Kazakhstan National Library of Kazakhstan (Национальная библиотека Республики Казахстан) Almaty
Kenya National Library Service of Kenya Nairobi
Kiribati National Library and Archives of Kiribati Bairiki
North Korea Grand People's Study House Pyongyang
South Korea National Library of Korea (국립중앙도서관) Seoul
National Digital Library
National Library for Children and Young Adults (국립어린이청소년도서관)
Kosovo National and University Library of Kosova (Biblioteka Kombëtare dhe Universitare e Kosovës) Pristina
Kuwait National Library of Kuwait Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan National Library of the Kyrgyz Republic (Кыргыз Республикасынын Улуттук Китепканасы) Bishkek

L

Country Library City Official website
Laos National Library of Laos Vientiane
Latvia National Library of Latvia (Latvijas Nacionālā bibliotēka) Riga
Lebanon Lebanon National Library (Bibliotheque Nationale du Liban) Beirut
Lesotho Lesotho National Library Maseru
Libya National Library of Libya Benghazi
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein State Library (Liechtensteinische Landesbibliothek) Vaduz
Lithuania Martynas Mažvydas National Library of Lithuania (Nacionalinė Martyno Mažvydo biblioteka) Vilnius
Luxembourg National Library of Luxembourg (Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg = Lëtzebuerger Nationalbibliothéik = Nationalbibliothek Luxemburg) Luxembourg

M

Country Library City Official website
Republic of Macedonia National and University Library St. Kliment Ohridski (Nacionalna i univerzitetska biblioteka "Sv. Kliment Ohridski") Skopje
Madagascar National Library of Madagascar (Bibliothèque nationale de Madagascar) Antananarivo
Malawi National Library Service of Malawi Lilongwe
Malaysia National Library of Malaysia (Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia) Kuala Lumpur
Maldives National Library of the Maldives Galolhu Malé
Mali National Library of Mali (Bibliothèque nationale du Mali) Bamako
Malta National Library of Malta Valetta
Marshall Islands Alele Museum, Library and National Archives Majuro
Mauritania National Library of Mauritania (Bibliothèque nationale de Mauritanie) Nouakchott
Mauritius National Library of Mauritius Port Louis
Mexico National Library of Mexico (Biblioteca Nacional de México) Mexico City
National Newspaper and Periodicals Library of Mexico (Hemeroteca Nacional de México)
Moldova National Library of Moldova (Biblioteca Naţională a Republicii Moldova) Chişinău
Monaco Louis Notari Library (Bibliothèque Louis Notari) Monaco
Mongolia National Library of Mongolia Ulaanbaatar
Montenegro Central National Library of the Republic of Montenegro (Centralna narodna biblioteka Republike Crne Gore) Cetinje
Morocco General Library and Archives (Bibliothèque Générale et Archives
= المكتبة الوطنية للمملكة المغربية)
Rabat and Tétouan
Mozambique National Library of Mozambique (Biblioteca Nacional de Moçambique) Maputo
Myanmar National Library of Myanmar Yangon

N

Country Library City Official website
Namibia National Library of Namibia Windhoek
Nepal National Library of Nepal Pulchowk, Lalitpur
Netherlands Koninklijke Bibliotheek [National Library of the Netherlands or Dutch Royal Library] The Hague
New Zealand National Library of New Zealand = Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa Wellington
Nicaragua National Library of Nicaragua Rubén Darío (Biblioteca Nacional de Nicaragua Rubén Darío) Managua
National Health Library (Biblioteca Nacional de Salud) Managua
Niger Direction of the National Archives of Niger (Direction des Archives nationales du Niger) Niamey
Nigeria National Library of Nigeria Lagos
Northern Cyprus National Library of Northern Cyprus (Milli Kütüphane) Nicosia
Norway National Library of Norway (Nasjonalbiblioteket) Oslo and Mo i Rana

O

Country Library City Official website
Oman Sultan Qaboos University Library Muscat

P

Country Library City Official website
Pakistan National Library of Pakistan Islamabad
Palau Palau Community College Library Koror
Panama National Library of Panama (Biblioteca Nacional de Panamá) Panama City
Papua New Guinea National Library of Papua New Guinea Boroko
Paraguay National Library and Archives of Paraguay (Biblioteca y Archivo Nacional de Paraguay) Asunción
National Library of Agriculture (Paraguay) (Biblioteca nacional de Agricultura) Asunción
Peru Biblioteca Nacional del Perú [National Library of Peru or Peruvian National Library] Lima
Philippines National Library of the Philippines Manila
Poland National Library of Poland (Biblioteka Narodowa) Warsaw
Portugal Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal [National Library of Portugal or Portuguese National Library] Lisbon

Q

Country Library City Official website
Qatar National Library of Qatar Doha

R

Country Library City Official website
Romania National Library of Romania (Biblioteca Naţională a României) Bucharest
Russia Russian State Library (Российская Государственная Библиотека) Moscow
Russian National Library (Российская Национальная Библиотека) St. Petersburg
* Tatarstan National LIbrary of the Republic of Tatarstan (Татарстан Республикасы Милли китапханәсендә) Kazan
Rwanda National Library of Rwanda (Bibliothèque nationale du Rwanda) Kigali

S

Country Library City Official website
Saint Kitts and Nevis Charles A. Halbert Public Library Basseterre
Saint Lucia Central Library of Saint Lucia Castries
San Marino National Library and Book Patrimony (Biblioteca di Stato e Beni Librari) San Marino
São Tomé and Príncipe Library of the National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional Biblioteca) São Tomé
Saudi Arabia King Fahad National Library Riyadh
Senegal National Library of Senegal (Bibliothèque nationale du Sénégal, Bibliothèque des Archives nationales du Sénégal) Dakar
Serbia National Library of SerbiaНародна библиотека Србије Belgrade
Library of Matica srpskaBiblioteka Matice srpske Novi Sad
Seychelles National Library of the Seychelles Mahé
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Library Board Freetown
Singapore National Library, Singapore Singapore
Slovakia Slovak National Library (Slovenská národná knižnica) Martin
Slovenia Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica [National and University Library] Ljubljana
Solomon Islands National Library Service of the Solomon Islands Honiara
Somalia National Library of Somalia Mogadishu
South Africa National Library of South Africa = Nasionale Biblioteek van Suid Afrika Pretoria and Cape Town
Spain Biblioteca Nacional de España Madrid
* Catalonia National Library of Catalonia (Biblioteca de Catalunya) Barcelona
Sri Lanka National Library of Sri Lanka Colombo
Sudan National Library of Sudan Khartoum
Suriname [No national library]
Swaziland Swaziland National Library Service Mbabane
Sweden Royal Library of Sweden (Kungliga Biblioteket) Stockholm
Switzerland Swiss National Library (Schweizerische Nationalbibliothek = Bibliothèque nationale suisse = Biblioteca nazionale svizzera = Biblioteca naziunala svizra) Berne
Syria Al-Assad National Library Damascus

T

Country Library City Official website
Tajikistan Republican Firdoussi Library (Республиканская библиотека имени Фирдоуси) Dushanbe
Tanzania National Central Library / Tanzania Library Services Board = Bodi Ya Huduma Za Maktaba Tanzania Dar es Salaam
Thailand National Library of Thailand (หอสมุดแห่งชาติ) Bangkok
Togo National Library of Togo (Bibliothèque nationale du Togo) Lomé
Trinidad and Tobago National Library and Information System Port of Spain
Tunisia National Library of Tunisia (Bibliothèque nationale de Tunisie) Tunis
Turkey National Library of Turkey (Milli Kütüphane) Ankara
Turkmenistan National Library of Turkmenistan Ashgabat
Tuvalu National Library and Archives of Tuvalu Funafuti

U

Country Library City Official website
Uganda National Library of Uganda Kampala
Ukraine Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine (Національна бібліотека України імені В.І. Вернадського) Kiev
United Arab Emirates Cultural Foundation National Library Abu Dhabi
United Kingdom British Library London and Boston Spa (Wetherby)
* Scotland National Library of Scotland Edinburgh
* Wales National Library of Wales = Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru Aberystwyth
United States Library of Congress (de facto) Washington, D.C.
National Library of Medicine Bethesda
National Agricultural Library Beltsville
National Library of Education Washington, D.C.
Uruguay National Library of Uruguay (Biblioteca Nacional del Uruguay) Montevideo
Uzbekistan National Library of Uzbekistan Tashkent

V

Country Library City Official website
Vanuatu National Library of Vanuatu Port Vila
Vatican City Vatican Library (Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana) Vatican City
Venezuela National Library of Venezuela (Biblioteca Nacional de Venezuela) Caracas
Vietnam National Library of Vietnam Hanoi
Virgin Islands, British Library Services Department Road Town

W

Country Library City Official website

Y

Country Library City Official website
Republic of Yemen National Library of Yemen Aden

Z

Country Library City Official website
Zambia Zambia Library Service Lusaka
Zimbabwe National Archives of Zimbabwe Library Harare?

See also

References

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