: بھٹ) are people of Kashmiri Pandit
origin, living predominantly in Kashmir
and upper Punjab
Butts were at one time Hindu Brahmins
, which traditionally refers to people within the priestly caste
of the Hindu caste system
. The Sanskrit
word denotes the poet
, that Hindu tradition enjoins to live a life of learning, teaching and non-possessiveness. The name Butt is a distorted form of the word Bhat
which originates from Sanskrit
(भट) meaning "scholar".
Butts trace their origins back to Kashmiri Pandits
(Hindi: कश्मीरी पण्डित) which refers to a person who belongs to a sect of Hindu Pandits who originated from the Kashmir region. They have the earliest recorded history in Kashmir and have also been mentioned in the Mahabharata
. Butts were also said to be followers of Buddhism
at various points in time related culturally to the great Gandhar
and as a result there culture shows various influences from ancient Vedic
cultures. They have contributed greatly to Indian culture
through excellence in Sanskrit
were of the Bhat
tribe, ancestors of today's Butts. According to many Hindus, the scholarly work of Butts were "destroyed" during the advent of Islam in Kashmir and many Kashmiri Pandits were "forced to convert", although this claim has refused by many Muslims and Butts alike. In the late 13th century during the reign of Emperor Alamgir
, many converted to Islam. Today, the majority of Butts are Muslim
, although some still practice Hinduism
Conversion to Islam
Kashmir has traditionally been the seat of both Hindu
) and Buddhist
(Sharda-Peetham) teachings, until the advent of Islam in the late 13th century where Islam
became the dominant religion. There have been many disputes between Muslim
historians as to how Islam became the dominant religion. The quick conversion of the Kashmiris from Hindu/Buddhist faiths to Islam indicates that it could have been forceful in nature, however, disputed by some of the modern day Muslim historians. In late 13th century during the reign of Emperor Alamgir
many Butts converted to Islam. Today, the majority of Butts are Muslim
, although some still practice Hinduism
may have been another reason for the mass conversions. Similarly disincentives like Jaziya
could also have forced many to take up the faith of the ruling class. Some may have converted voluntarily to Islam
being impressed with the tenants of Islam.
Many Butts settled in upper Punjab are ancestors of Kashmiri immigrants who fled Kashmir after several years of severe drought in early 1800s. However, a vast majority were forced out of Kashmir into upper Punjab during the reign of Hira Singh Dogra and during the reign of Hari Singh
. By 1931, Muslim agitation started against Hari Singh because his policies and reforms directly pinched Muslims. The Maharaja intended to exploit the Kashmir issue and was not willing for the state to accede unconditionally to either India or Pakistan. The situation deteriorated in October
, 1947 when in Jammu
Hindu and Sikh militants
slaughtered thousands of Muslims. Almost the entire Muslim population of 500,000 was eliminated. 200,000 were murdered
and the rest fled to Pakistan
Like other Kashmiri families, the social structure is based on the extended family
. However the wider kinship
network of biraderi
and how it impacts on relations and mobilization is equally important. The extended family is of fundamental importance as a unit of decision making and with respect to the relations of its members with wider society. The institution of biraderi
– which means brotherhood in a relatively loose sense – provides a useful collective framework for promoting mutual well-being. This is achieved through help and co-operation in social
spheres and it reinforces a sense of belonging and collective self-assurance. The Mir
family are a sub caste of Butts and are predominantly found in Kotli
, Azad Kashmir
who fled the Kashmir Valley
during the 1800 drought.
Butts are originally from the Kashmir Valley
currently located in Indian occupied Kashmir
and are still found in the throughout the region including Azad Kashmir
as well as upper Punjab. Today Butts are found primarily in upper Punjab and settled in Rawalpindi
. A large number of them are also found in Azad Kashmir
- Pāṇini, 4th century BC Sanskrit grammarian.
- Chanakya, (c. 350-283 BC) was an adviser and a prime minister to the first Maurya Emperor Chandragupta.
- Śāntarakṣita, a Buddhist scholar and abbot of Nalanda.
- Salman Butt, a Pakistani cricket player.
- Arif Butt, a Pakistani cricket player.
- Ijaz Butt, a Pakistani cricket player.
- Asim Butt, a Scottish cricket player.
- Ali Azmat, a Pakistani singer, and former lead singer of Junoon.
- Ziauddin Butt, a former head of Pakistani intelligence agency ISI.
- Munir Butt, a British civil servant and philanthropist.
- Maqbool Butt, a marytered Kashmiri Freedom Fighter.
- Asim Butt, a Pakistani painter and sculptor and a member of the Stuckist art movement.
- Hassan Butt, former spokesman for the disbanded British Islamist group Al-Muhajiroun.
- Ambreen Butt, a Pakistani model
- Rehan Butt, former Pakistani field hockey player.
- Faisal Butt, conservative candidate for the Scottish Parliament.
- Mudasir Butt,a Pakistani renowned TV journalist
- Maria Butt, a Pakistani fashion designer for "Maria B".
- Asma Butt, a female Pakistani model.
- Ahmed Butt, a male Pakistani model turned actor.
- Farhan Saeed Butt, lead singer of Pakistani band Jal.
- Hafiz Salman Butt, chairman of Wohaib FC.
- Ayaz Butt, chairman of KRL FC.
- Mohammad Sharif Butt, represented Pakistan in athletics (track and field) at the 1948 Summer Olympic Games in London.
- Ahmed Ali Butt, a Pakistani actor and former member of rock band EP.
- Rasheed Butt, a renowned Pakistani artist and recipient of "The Pride of Performance" by Pakistan in 1989.