) is a Palestinian
village in the Hebron Governorate
, located five kilometers northeast of Hebron
in the southern West Bank
. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
, the village had a population of 2,500 inhabitants in mid-year 2006. In 1997, refugees
constituted approximately 16% of the population.
Beit Einun is situated in the 'Anun Valley, at the bottom of a hill in the Judea
region, forming the beginning of a fertile plain cultivated with vines and grains. There are terraces on the higher slopes of the hill to prevent erosion. These small separate fields are planted with grape and tomato vines, plum and almond orchards.
Beit Einun is the modern site of the Biblical Beth-anoth
. The site became populated during Byzantine
rule of Palestine
. Three churches were built near the center of the town sometime between the 5th and 6th centuries. The wall construction indicates rebuilding of the church in the Crusader
period. Excavations have revealed a mosaic floor in the main hall of the church from the Byzantine period. It's a part of a complex building in which living quarters and storage rooms, as well as water cisterns were found. Other remains from this time period include two water cisterns, two wine-presses and several tombs.
Beit 'Einun is mentioned in the Waqf dedication given by Muhammad to Tamim al-Dari. Many Muslim stone structures are located in the village.