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Bernstorff

Bernstorff

[bern-shtawrf]
Bernstorff, Andreas Peter, 1735-97, Danish politician; nephew of Johann Hartwig Ernst Bernstorff. Made (1773) foreign minister after Struensee's fall from power, he obtained from Russia the final ratification of the exchange treaty negotiated by his uncle in 1767. Removed from office in 1780 to pacify Russia, he was recalled in 1784 and was chief minister until 1797. He sought friendly relations with Sweden, kept Denmark neutral in the French Revolutionary Wars, and undertook a liberal program of social, economic, and educational reform.
Bernstorff, Johann Hartwig Ernst, 1712-72, Danish politician, of German (Hanoverian) origin. As minister of foreign affairs (1751-70) under Frederick V and Christian VII, he successfully kept Denmark at peace. In 1767 he negotiated with Russia a provisional treaty by which the Danish crown was to cede Oldenburg to Catherine II of Russia in exchange for ducal Holstein. In 1770, Christian VII, under the influence of Struensee, dismissed Bernstorff.
Bernstorff, Johann Heinrich, Graf von, 1862-1939, German diplomat. As ambassador to the United States (1908-17), he tried to conciliate American feelings toward Germany and repeatedly warned his government that unrestricted submarine warfare would bring the United States into World War I. A member of the Reichstag from 1921 to 1928 and a delegate to the League of Nations disarmament conference (1926-31), he went into exile at Geneva after Hitler took power in Germany. His memoirs were published in 1936.
Bernstorff is a Danish noble family of Hanoverian origin. Notable members of the family include the following:

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