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Bernstein, Leonard

Bernstein, Leonard

Bernstein, Leonard, 1918-90, American composer, conductor, and pianist, b. Lawrence, Mass., grad. Harvard, 1939, and Curtis Institute of Music, 1941. A highly versatile musician, he was the composer of symphonic works (the Jeremiah Symphony, 1944; Age of Anxiety, 1949; Kaddish Symphony, 1963), song cycles, chamber music, ballets (Fancy Free, 1944), musicals (On the Town, 1944; Wonderful Town, 1953; Candide, 1956; West Side Story, 1957), opera (Trouble in Tahiti, 1952), and choral music (Chichester Psalms, 1965). His Mass (1971), a "theater piece for dancers, singers, and players," was performed at the opening of the John F. Kennedy Cultural Center in Washington, D.C. From 1951 to 1956 he taught at Brandeis Univ. He was a soloist and conductor with many orchestras in the United States and abroad. He first conducted the New York Philharmonic in 1943, and from 1958 to 1970 was its musical director. Upon his retirement he was named laureate conductor and frequently appeared with the Vienna Philharmonic and the Israel Philharmonic.

See his The Joy of Music (1959) and The Infinite Variety of Music (1966); biographies by J. Briggs (1961), J. Gruen (1968), H. Burton (1994), and M. Secrest (1994); his brother, B. Bernstein, and B. Haws, Leonard Bernstein: American Original (2008); B. Seldes, Leonard Bernstein: The Political Life of an American Musician (2009).

is a German and Jewish surname meaning "amber". The proper German pronunciation is [ˈbɛʁn.ʃtaɪn], but many non-Germans pronounce it [ˈbɝn.stiːn]. It may refer to:

People

Fictional people

  • Rugal Bernstein, a major villain in the King of Fighters video game series.
  • Adelheid Bernstein, the son of Rugal, making a debut appearance in King of Fighters 2003.
  • Mr Bernstein, the business partner of Charles Foster Kane in the 1941 film Citizen Kane

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