The Abstract of Title, used in real estate transactions, is the more common form of abstract. An abstract of title lists all the owners of a piece of land, a house, or a building before it came into possession of the present owner. The abstract also records all deeds, wills, mortgages, and other documents that affect ownership of the property. An abstract describes a chain of transfers from owner to owner and any agreements by former owners that are binding on later owners.
In the context of patent law and specifically in prior art searches, searching through abstracts is a common way to find relevant prior art document to question to novelty or inventive step (or non-obviousness in United States patent law) of an invention. Under United States patent law, the abstract may be called "Abstract of the Disclosure".
Gay Guide to the Oscars: There Are Queer Hooks to This Year's Academy Awards, If You're Willing to Dig a Little for Them
Mar 01, 2005; While gay auteurs Bill Condon (Kinsey) and Pedro Almodovar (Bad Education) find themselves not Oscar-nominated for the first time...