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List of female United States presidential and vice-presidential candidates

The following is a list of female U.S. presidential and vice-presidential nominees. Nominees are candidates nominated or otherwise selected by political parties for particular offices. Listed are those women who achieved ballot access in at least one state. They may have won the nomination of one of the US political parties (either one of the major parties, or one of the third parties), or made the ballot as an Independent, and in either case must have votes in the election to qualify for this list. Exception is made for those few candidates whose parties lost ballot status for additional runs.

Not included in the first two tables are women who lost a nominating convention or primary election for their party's nomination (or who have not yet completed that process), write-in candidates, potential candidates (suggested by media, objects of draft movements, etc.), or fictional candidates. The third table excludes all but the foremost.

Two women have won the nomination of a major party, both as vice-presidential candidates: Geraldine Ferraro for the Democratic Party in the 1984 election and Sarah Palin for the Republican Party in the 2008 election.

U.S. Presidential candidates: Party Nominees

Year Name Party Running Mate Votes
1872 Victoria Woodhull Equal Rights Party Frederick Douglass
1884 Belva Ann Lockwood National Equal Rights Party Marietta Stow 4,149
1888 Belva Ann Lockwood National Equal Rights Party Alfred Love
1940 Gracie Allen Surprise Party N.A. 42,000
1952 Ellen Linea W. Jensen Washington Peace Party
Mary Kennery American Party
Agnes Waters American Woman's Party
1968 Charlene Mitchell Communist Party Michael Zagarell 1,076
1972 Linda Jenness Socialist Workers Party Andrew Pulley 83,380
Evelyn Reed Socialist Workers Party Andrew Pulley 13,878
1976 Margaret Wright People’s Party Benjamin Spock 49,024
1980 Ellen McCormack Right to Life Party Carroll Driscoll 32,327
Maureen Smith Peace and Freedom Party Elizabeth Cervantes Barron 18,116
Deirdre Griswold Workers World Party Gavrielle Holmes. 13,300
1984 Sonia Johnson Citizens Party Richard Walton 72,200
Gavrielle Holmes Workers World Party Gloria La Riva 2,656
1988 Lenora Fulani New Alliance Party Joyce Dattner 217,219
Willa Kenoyer Socialist Party, Liberty Union Party Ron Ehrenreich 3,928
1992 Lenora Fulani New Alliance Party Maria Elizabeth Munoz 73,714
Helen Halyard Socialist Equality Party Fred Mazelis 3,050
Isabell Masters Looking Back Party Walter Masters 327
Gloria La Riva Workers World Party Larry Holmes 181
1996 Monica Moorehead Workers World Party Gloria La Riva 29,083
Marsha Feinland Peace and Freedom Party Kate McClatchy 25,332
Mary Cal Hollis Socialist Party, Liberty Union Party Eric Chester 4,766
Diane Beall Templin The American Party Gary Van Horn 1,847
Isabell Masters Looking Back Party Shirley Jean Masters 752
2000 Monica Moorehead Workers World Party Gloria La Riva 4,795
Cathy Gordon Brown Independent Sabrina R. Allen 1,606
2004 Diane Beall Templin The American Party Albert B. "Al" Moore (lost ballot status)
2008 Diane Beall Templin The American Party Linda Patterson (lost ballot status)
Gloria La Riva Party for Socialism and Liberation Eugene Puryear
Elvena Lloyd-Duffie Independent
Cynthia McKinney Green Party Rosa Clemente

U.S. Vice-Presidential candidates: Party Nominees

Year Name Party Running Mate Votes
1884 Marietta Stow National Equal Rights Party Belva Ann Lockwood 4,149
1924 Marie Brehm Prohibition Party Herman P. Faris 56,289
1932 Florence Garvin National Party John Zahnd 1,645
1936 Florence Garvin Greenback Party John Zahnd
1948 Grace Carlson Socialist Workers Party Farrell Dobbs 13,614
1952 Charlotta Bass Progressive Party, Communist Party, American Labor Party Vincent Hallinan 140,023
Myra Tanner Weiss Socialist Workers Party Farrell Dobbs 10,312
1956 Georgia Cozzini Socialist Labor Party Eric Hass 44,300
Myra Tanner Weiss Socialist Workers Party Farrell Dobbs 7,797
Ann Marie Yezo American Third Party Henry B. Krajewski 1,829
1960 Georgia Cozzini Socialist Labor Party Eric Hass 47,521
Myra Tanner Weiss Socialist Workers Party Farrell Dobbs 60,166
1968 Peggy Terry Peace and Freedom Party Eldridge Cleaver
1972 Genevieve Gundersen Socialist Labor Party Louis Fisher 53,814
Theodora B. Nathan Libertarian Party John Hospers 3,674
1976 Constance Blomen Socialist Labor Party Jules Levin 9,616
Willie Mae Reid Socialist Workers Party Peter Camejo 90,986
1980 Elizabeth Cervantes Barron Peace and Freedom Party Maureen Smith 18,106
Naomi Cohen Workers World Party Deirdre Griswold 3,790
Angela Davis Communist Party Gus Hall 43,871
Diane Drufenbrock Socialist Party David McReynolds 6,898
Wretha Hanson Citizens Party Barry Commoner 8,564
La Donna Harris Citizens Party Barry Commoner 233,052
Gavrielle Holmes Workers World Party Deirdre Griswold 13,213
Eileen Shearer American Independent Party John Rarick 41,268
Matilde Zimmermann Socialist Workers Party Andrew Pulley 40,105
1984 Jean T. Brust Socialist Equality Party Ed Winn
Angela Davis Communist Party Gus Hall 36,386
Geraldine Ferraro Democratic Party Walter Mondale 37,577,352
Andrea Gonzales Socialist Workers Party Melvin T. Mason 24,672
Helen Halyard Socialist Equality Party Edward Winn 10,801
Gloria La Riva Workers World Party Larry Holmes/Gavrielle Holmes 15,329
Emma Wong Mar Peace and Freedom Party Sonia Johnson
Nancy Ross New Alliance Party Dennis L. Serrette 46,852
Maureen Kennedy Salaman Populist Party Bob Richards 66,168
Matilde Zimmermann Socialist Workers Party Melvin T. Mason
1988 Joan Andrews Right to Life Party William A. Marra 20,504
Joyce Dattner New Alliance Party Lenora Fulani 217,219
Debra Freeman National Economic Recovery Party Lyndon LaRouche
Susan Gardner Consumer Party Eugene McCarthy 30,905
Helen Halyard Socialist Equality Party Edward Winn 18,693
Gloria La Riva Workers World Party Larry Holmes 7,846
Kathleen Mickells Socialist Workers Party James "Mac" Warren 15,604
Vikki Murdock Peace and Freedom Party Herbert Lewin 10,370
1992 Estelle DeBates Socialist Workers Party James "Mac" Warren
Doris Feimer The American Party Robert J. Smith 292
Barbara Garson Socialist Party J. Quinn Brisben 3,057
Nancy Lord Libertarian Party Andre Marrou 290,087
Maria Elizabeth Munoz New Alliance Party Lenora Fulani 73,714
Willie Mae Reid Socialist Workers Party James "Mac" Warren
Joann Roland Third Party Eugene Arthur Hem
Asiba Tupahache Peace and Freedom Party Ronald Daniels 27,961
1996 Connie Chandler Independent Party of Utah A. Peter Crane 1,101
Laura Garza Socialist Workers Party James Harris 8,476
Anne Goeke Green Party Ralph Nader
Rosemary Giumarra Independent Charles E. Collins 8,952
Madelyn Hoffman Green Party Ralph Nader
Jo Jorgensen Libertarian Party Harry Browne 485,798
Rachel Bubar Kelly Prohibition Party Earl Dodge 1,298
Winona LaDuke Green Party Ralph Nader 685,128
Shirley Jean Masters Looking Back Party Isabell Masters 752
Anne Northrop AIDS Cure Party Steve Michael 408
Krista Paradise Green Party Ralph Nader
Kate McClatchy Peace and Freedom Party Marsha Feinland 25,332
Muriel Tillinghast Green Party Ralph Nader 75,956
2000 Sabrina R. Allen Independent Cathy Gordon Brown 1,606
Ezola B. Foster Reform Party Pat Buchanan 449,225
Mary Cal Hollis Socialist Party David McReynolds 5,602
Winona LaDuke Green Party Ralph Nader 2,883,105
Gloria La Riva Workers World Party Monica Moorehead 4,795
Margaret Trowe Socialist Workers Party James Harris 7,378
2004 Marilyn Chambers Personal Choice Party Charles Jay 946
Irene M. Deasy Independent Stanford Andress 804
Teresa Gutierrez Workers World Party, Liberty Union Party John Parker 1,646
Arrin Hawkins Socialist Workers Party Róger Calero 3,689
Mary Alice Herbert Socialist Party, Natural Law Party Walt Brown 10,837
Janice Jordan Peace and Freedom Party Leonard Peltier 27,607
Pat LaMarche Green Party David Cobb 119,859
Jennifer A. Ryan Christian Freedom Party Thomas J. Harens 2,387
Karen Sanchirico Independent Ralph Nader 6,168
Margaret Trowe Socialist Workers Party James Harris 7,102
2008 Rosa Clemente Green Party Cynthia McKinney
Sarah Palin Republican Party John McCain
Alyson Kennedy Socialist Workers Party Róger Calero

U.S. President: Unsuccessful candidates for party nomination

Candidates who failed to receive their parties' nomination. Candidates who won the nomination belong in the above tables only.
Year Name Party Details Nomination winner
1940 Anna Milburn National Greenback Party Declined nomination John Zahnd
1964 Margaret Chase Smith Republican Party Barry Goldwater
Fay T. Carpenter Swain Democratic Party 7,140 votes in Indiana primary Lyndon B. Johnson
1972 Shirley Chisholm Democratic Party 152 votes at National convention George McGovern
Patsy Takamoto Mink
Bella Savitzky Abzug
1976 Barbara Jordan Democratic Party 1 vote at National convention Jimmy Carter
Ellen McCormack
1980 Koryne Kaneski Horbal Democratic Party 5 votes at National convention Jimmy Carter
Alice Tripp 2 votes at National convention
1984 Martha Kirkland Democratic Party 1 vote at National convention Walter Mondale
1988 Patricia Schroeder Democratic Party Michael Dukakis
1992 Georgiana Doerschuck Republican Party 58 votes in New Hampshire primary George H.W. Bush
Caroline Killeen Democratic Party 96 votes in New Hampshire primary Bill Clinton
Tennie Rogers Republican Party 754 votes in Texas primary George H.W. Bush
Patricia Schroeder Republican Party 152 votes (12th place) in New Hampshire primary
1996 Georgiana Doerschuck Republican Party 140 votes in New Hampshire primary Bob Dole
Susan Gail Ducey Republican Party 539 votes in (9th place) at Arizona primary; 152 votes ((12th place) at New Hampshire primary; 1,092 votes (8th place) at Texas primary "
Elvena E. Lloyd-Duffie Democratic Party 13,025 votes in Arkansas primary; 10,876 votes (6th place) in Texas primary; 40,758 in Oklahoma primary (3rd place); 11,620 votes (3rd place) in Louisiana primary; 15,650 votes (2nd place) in Illinois primary Bill Clinton
Dr. Heather Anne Harder Democratic Party 28,772 votes (3rd place) in Texas primary; 376 votes in New Hampshire primary and two write-in votes as a Republican; 6 votes in Illinois primary "
Caroline Killeen Democratic Party 118 votes in New Hampshire primary "
Mary "France" LeTulle Republican Party 650 votes (9th place) at Texas primary; 290 votes in Nevada primary Bob Dole
Isabell Masters Republican Party 1052 votes (7th place) at Oklahoma primary "
Tennie Rogers Republican Party 35 votes at Mississippi primary; 12 votes inNew Hampshire primary "
2000 Elizabeth Dole Republican Party 231 write-in votes in NH primary George W. Bush
Dr. Heather Anne Harder Democratic Party 1,358 votes in AZ primary; 192 votes (8th place) in New Hampshire primary, 1 Republican write-in vote Al Gore
Angel Joy Chavis Rocker Republican Party 6 votes in Alabama straw poll George W. Bush
Dorian Yeager Republican Party 98 votes (10th place) in New Hampshire primary "
2004 Katherine Bateman Democratic Party 68 votes (14th place) in New Hampshire primary John Kerry
JoAnne Bier Beeman Green Party 14 votes at National convention David Cobb
Sheila Bilyeu Green Party 2 votes at National convention "
Carol Moseley Braun Democratic Party "
Jeanne Chebib Democratic Party 43 votes (12th place) in the Washington, D.C. primary "
Mildred T. Glover Democratic Party 11 votes (22nd place) in New Hampshire primary; 4,039 votes (8th place) in Maryland primary "
Caroline Killeen Democratic Party 31 votes (19th place) in New Hampshire primary "
Millie Howard Republican Party 239 votes (13th place) in New Hampshire primary George W. Bush
Carol A. Miller Green Party 10 votes at National convention David Cobb
Lorna Salzman Green Party 40 votes at National convention David Cobb
Florence Walker Democratic Party 246 votes (6th place) in Washington, D.C. primary John Kerry
2008 Hillary Rodham Clinton Democratic Party Reached second place in Democratic Primaries, winning 1,726½ Delegate votes Barack Obama
Susan Gail Ducey Republican Party 2 votes (3-way tie for 8th place) in Tulsa, Oklahoma straw poll John McCain
Caroline Killeen Democratic Party 11 votes in New Hampshire primary Barack Obama
Elaine Brown Green Party 9 pledged delegates; withdrew Cynthia McKinney
Nan Garrett Withdrew in February, 2007
Kat Swift
Mary Ruwart Libertarian Party Bob Barr
Christine Smith

U.S. Vice-Presidential candidates for nomination

Year Name Party Details Nomination winner
1848 Lucretia Mott Liberty Party 4 of 84 votes C.C. Foote
1924 Lena Springs Democratic Party several to 50 votes in National convention Charles W. Bryan
1928 Nellie Tayloe Ross Democratic Party 31 votes in National convention Joseph T. Robinson
1952 India Edwards Democratic Party John Sparkman
Sarah T. Hughes
1972 Shirley Chisholm Democratic Party 20 votes in National convention Thomas Eagleton
Frances Farenthold 405 votes in National convention
Martha Griffiths 1 vote in National convention
Patricia Harris 1 vote in National convention
Eleanor McGovern 1 vote in National convention
Martha Mitchell 1 vote in National convention
Maggie Kuhn People's Party declined nomination Benjamin Spock
1976 Anne Armstrong Republican Party subject of draft campaign; 6 votes in National convention Bob Dole
Barbara Jordan Democratic Party 17 votes in National convention Walter Mondale
Nancy Palm Republican Party 1 vote in National convention Bob Dole
1984 Jeane J. Kirkpatrick Republican Party 1 vote in primary George H. W. Bush
1992 Susan K.Y. Shargal Democratic Party 1,097 votes (2nd place) in New Hampshire primary Al Gore
2008 Mary Alice Herbert Socialist Party Stewart Alexander

Notes

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