The Royal Irish Academy
) (Acadamh Ríoga na hÉireann) is an all-Ireland
, independent, academic body that promotes study and excellence in the sciences
and social sciences
. It is one of Ireland's
premier learned societies
and cultural institutions
and currently has approximately 404 Members, elected in recognition of their academic achievements. The Academy was established in 1785 and granted royal charter
The Royal Irish Academy, the academy for the sciences and humanities for the whole of Ireland will vigorously promote excellence in scholarship, recognise achievements in learning, direct research programmes and undertake its own research projects, particularly in areas relating to Ireland and its heritage.
It will reflect upon, advice on and contribute to public debate and public policy formation on issues of major interest in science, technology and culture.
It will continue to offer an independent forum to Irish scholars, it will provide a network of support for scholarly disciplines through its network of national committees and commissions, it will maintain and enhance its unique library, it will publish scholarly papers and it will represent the world of Irish learning internationally.
Election to Membership of the Royal Irish Academy is a public recognition of academic excellence. It is the highest academic honour in Ireland. Those elected are entitled to use the designation
” after their name. The criterion for election to Membership is a significant contribution to scholarly research as shown in the candidate’s published academic work. To be elected, a candidate has to be proposed and recommended by five Members. Presently, twenty Members are elected each year, equally divided between the sciences and humanities. Membership is open only to those resident in the Republic of Ireland
or Northern Ireland
Honorary Membership can be awarded to persons who have made outstanding contribution to their academic discipline, but who are normally resident outside the island of Ireland. At least two existing Members must propose and recommend a candidate for Honorary Membership. Honorary members are entitled to use the designation “Hon. MRIA” after their name.
- Francis Beaufort, hydrographer and originator of the Beaufort Wind Scale
- J.P. Beddy, public servant
- Frederick Boland, diplomat
- Andrew Nicholas Bonaparte Wyse, civil servant
- Arthur Cox, solicitor
- Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach 1932–1948; 1951–1954; 1957–1959 and President of Ireland 1959–1973
- James Gandon, architect
- Henry Grattan, politician
- William Rowan Hamilton, world-renowned mathematician
- Walter Heitler, physicist
- Thomas Dix Hincks (1767–1857) orientalist and naturalist
- Richard Kirwan, chemist, meteorologist, and mineralogist
- Eoin MacNeill, politician and historian
- William Hunter McCrea, astronomer
- Seán Lemass, Taoiseach 1959–1966
- F. S. L. Lyons, historian
- Frank Mitchell, historian
- Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin and President of the International Olympic Committee
- Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh, Attorney General 1946–1948, 1951–1953 and President of Ireland 1974–1976
- John O'Donovan (1806–1861), Irish language scholar and place-name expert
- James Henthorn Todd (1805–1869), biblical scholar, educator, and Irish historian
- William Wilde, polymath and father of the playwright, Oscar Wilde
- Isaac Weld (1774–1856), topographical author
The Academy currently manages a number of high-profile research projects in the sciences and humanities.
The Academy is one of the longest-established publishers in Ireland, beginning in 1787. The Academy currently publishes six journals, including Ériu
. The Academy’s research projects also regularly publish the Irish Historic Towns Atlas series, the Documents on Irish Foreign Policy, Foclóir na nua-Ghaeilge
, the Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources, and the New Survey of Clare Island.
The Academy is committed to publishing work which not only influences scholarship, but also the wider community, for example Flashes of Brilliance by Dick Ahlstrom, and Judging Dev by Diarmaid Ferriter. Both of these publications have been accompanied by either a television or a radio series.
The Academy Library holds the largest collection of Old Irish
manuscripts in the world . It is an important research centre for studies covering Irish history, language
and the history of Irish science .The Library is home to the sixth-century Latin psalter
, the Cathach
, reputedly copied by St Columcille
. The Library also holds the personal library of Thomas Moore
and the philological
collection of Osborn J. Bergin
During the 1950s the Academy began forming national committees, each relating to a specific discipline. Today the main focus of the Academy committees is to serve as a strategic vehicle for the disciplines they represent, and to act as a national forum, providing input into policy, research priorities and issues of public concern, such as climate change
. They also organise public outreach activities, such as lectures and public interviews, and award grants for research and travel. The Academy committees are made up of both Members and non-Members, including representatives from universities, research institutions, government agencies and, where appropriate, industry.
Humanities and Social Sciences Committees
In 1852 the Royal Irish Academy moved to its current premises at 19, Dawson Street
, Dublin 2
, known as "Academy House. Built in c.1750, the building has some fine decorative plasterwork and a handsome meeting room designed in 1854 by Fredrick Villiers Clarendon
and now used for conferences, exhibitions and public talks. Academy House was home to many of Ireland's finest national treasures, including the Ardagh Chalice
and the Tara Brooch
, until 1890 when the Academy transferred its collections to the newly established National Museum of Ireland
The President and Council are responsible for the Academy's general government and regulation. They are elected annually at the Stated Meeting on 16 March
. The President normally serves a three year term of office. The membership of Council is drawn from the Sciences and Humanities sections. Council formulates policies, develops and recommends candidates for membership.
The Executive Committee supports the Council in supervising the day-to-day business of the Academy. The members of the Executive Committee are the President, Senior Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Secretaries of Science and PL&A, Executive Secretary, Secretary for International Relations and a Staff Representative.