Definitions

ballon d'essai

Ballon d'Or

The "Ballon d'Or" (French for "Golden Ball," often referred to as the European Footballer of the Year award) is an association football award. Presented since 1956 by the French football magazine France Football, it is awarded to the player considered to have performed best over the previous year; the inaugural winner was Blackpool player Stanley Matthews. The current holder of the award, as selected in 2007, is Milan's Kaka.

Prior to 2007, the player had to be a member of a club based within UEFA's jurisdiction in order to qualify for selection; and until 1995 a player also had to be of European nationality to be eligible. The 2007 change in rules saw players from Qatar, the United States, Mexico, Brazil and Argentina named on the shortlist alongside those from European clubs.

Since October 2007, 96 football journalists from around the world have decided the winner from a shortlist of 50 compiled by France Football; prior to this 52 European journalists chose a winner, who needed to play for a European club. Each voter chooses five players from the list of nominees, and awards them between one and five points. The winner is determined by the total number of points; players who finish second and third in the voting are awarded silver and bronze medals.

Winners

Awarded 52 times since 1956, there have been 41 different winners. Three players have managed to win the award three times, namely Johan Cruyff, Marco van Basten and Michel Platini, while five players have won twice. Johan Cruyff and Franz Beckenbauer hold the record of receiving votes from the jury for the longest consecutive number of years (12 years). Ballon d'Or recipients are indicated in bold, as well as the clubs they played for in the season when they won the award.

Year Place Player Club Points
2007 1st Kaká AC Milan
444
2rd Cristiano Ronaldo Manchester United
277
3nd Lionel Messi Barcelona
255
2006
1st Fabio Cannavaro Juventus / Real Madrid
173
2nd Gianluigi Buffon Juventus
124
3rd Thierry Henry Arsenal
121
2005
1st Ronaldinho Barcelona
225
2nd Frank Lampard Chelsea
148
3rd Steven Gerrard Liverpool
142
2004
1st Andriy Shevchenko Milan
175
2nd Deco FC Porto / Barcelona
139
3rd Ronaldinho Barcelona
133
2003
1st Pavel Nedvěd Juventus
190
2nd Thierry Henry Arsenal
128
3rd Paolo Maldini Milan
123
2002
1st Ronaldo Internazionale /
Real Madrid
169
2nd Roberto Carlos Real Madrid
145
3rd Oliver Kahn Bayern Munich
110
2001
1st Michael Owen Liverpool
176
2nd Raúl González Real Madrid
140
3rd Oliver Kahn Bayern Munich
114
2000
1st Luís Figo Barcelona / Real Madrid
197
2nd Zinedine Zidane Juventus
181
3rd Andriy Shevchenko Milan
85
1999
1st Rivaldo Barcelona
219
2nd David Beckham Manchester United
154
3rd Andriy Shevchenko Dynamo Kyiv / Milan
64
1998
1st Zinedine Zidane Juventus
244
2nd Davor Šuker Real Madrid
68
3rd Ronaldo Internazionale
66
1997
1st Ronaldo Barcelona /
Internazionale
222
2nd Predrag Mijatović Real Madrid
68
3rd Zinedine Zidane Juventus
63
1996
1st Matthias Sammer Borussia Dortmund
144
2nd Ronaldo PSV Eindhoven / Barcelona
143
3rd Alan Shearer Blackburn Rovers /
Newcastle United
107
1995
1st George Weah Paris Saint-Germain /
Milan
144
2nd Jürgen Klinsmann Tottenham Hotspur /
Bayern Munich
108
3rd Jari Litmanen Ajax
67
1994
1st Hristo Stoichkov Barcelona
210
2nd Roberto Baggio Juventus
136
3rd Paolo Maldini Milan
109
1993
1st Roberto Baggio Juventus
142
2nd Dennis Bergkamp Ajax /
Internazionale
83
3rd Eric Cantona Manchester United
34
1992
1st Marco van Basten Milan
98
2nd Hristo Stoichkov Barcelona
80
3rd Dennis Bergkamp Ajax
53
1991
1st Jean-Pierre Papin Marseille
141
2nd
(tie)
Lothar Matthäus Internazionale
42
Darko Pančev Red Star Belgrade
42
Dejan Savićević Red Star Belgrade
42
1990
1st Lothar Matthäus Internazionale
137
2nd Salvatore Schillaci Juventus
84
3rd Andreas Brehme Internazionale
68
1989
1st Marco van Basten Milan
119
2nd Franco Baresi Milan
80
3rd Frank Rijkaard Milan
43
1988
1st Marco van Basten Milan
129
2nd Ruud Gullit Milan
88
3rd Frank Rijkaard Real Zaragoza / Milan
45
1987
1st Ruud Gullit PSV Eindhoven / Milan
106
2nd Paulo Futre Porto / Atlético Madrid
91
3rd Emilio Butragueño Real Madrid
61
1986
1st Igor Belanov Dynamo Kyiv
84
2nd Gary Lineker Everton / Barcelona
62
3rd Emilio Butragueño Real Madrid
59
1985
1st Michel Platini Juventus
127
2nd Preben Elkjær Larsen Hellas Verona
71
3rd Bernd Schuster Barcelona
46
1984
1st Michel Platini Juventus
128
2nd Jean Tigana Bordeaux
57
3rd Preben Elkjær Larsen Lokeren / Hellas Verona
48
1983
1st Michel Platini Juventus
110
2nd Kenny Dalglish Liverpool
26
3rd Allan Simonsen Charlton Athletic / Vejle
25
1982
1st Paolo Rossi Juventus
115
2nd Alain Giresse Bordeaux
64
3rd Zbigniew Boniek Widzew Łódź / Juventus
53
1981
1st Karl-Heinz Rummenigge Bayern Munich
106
2nd Paul Breitner Bayern Munich
64
3rd Bernd Schuster Barcelona
39
1980
1st Karl-Heinz Rummenigge Bayern Munich
122
2nd Bernd Schuster Köln / Barcelona
34
3rd Michel Platini Saint-Étienne
33
1979
1st Kevin Keegan Hamburg
118
2nd Karl-Heinz Rummenigge Bayern Munich
52
3rd Ruud Krol Ajax
41
1978
1st Kevin Keegan Hamburg
87
2nd Hans Krankl Rapid Wien / Barcelona
81
3rd Rob Rensenbrink Anderlecht
50
1977
1st Allan Simonsen Borussia Mönchengladbach
74
2nd Kevin Keegan Liverpool / Hamburg
71
3rd Michel Platini Nancy
70
1976
1st Franz Beckenbauer Bayern Munich
91
2nd Rob Rensenbrink Anderlecht
75
3rd Ivo Viktor Dukla Prague
52
1975
1st Oleg Blokhin Dynamo Kyiv
122
2nd Franz Beckenbauer Bayern Munich
42
3rd Johan Cruyff Barcelona
27
1974
1st Johan Cruyff Barcelona
116
2nd Franz Beckenbauer Bayern Munich
105
3rd Kazimierz Deyna Legia Warsaw
35
1973
1st Johan Cruyff Ajax / Barcelona
96
2nd Dino Zoff Juventus
47
3rd Gerd Müller Bayern Munich
44
1972
1st Franz Beckenbauer Bayern Munich
81
2nd Gerd Müller Bayern Munich
79
3rd Günter Netzer Borussia Mönchengladbach
79
1971
1st Johan Cruyff Ajax
116
2nd Sandro Mazzola Internazionale
57
3rd George Best Manchester United
56
1970
1st Gerd Müller Bayern Munich
77
2nd Bobby Moore West Ham United
70
3rd Luigi Riva Cagliari
65
1969
1st Gianni Rivera Milan
83
2nd Luigi Riva Cagliari
79
3rd Gerd Müller Bayern Munich
38
1968
1st George Best Manchester United
61
2nd Bobby Charlton Manchester United
53
3rd Dragan Džajić Red Star Belgrade
46
1967
1st Flórián Albert Ferencváros
68
2nd Bobby Charlton Manchester United
40
3rd Jimmy Johnstone Celtic
39
1966
1st Bobby Charlton Manchester United
81
2nd Eusébio Benfica
80
3rd Franz Beckenbauer Bayern Munich
59
1965
1st Eusébio Benfica
67
2nd Giacinto Facchetti Internazionale
59
3rd Luis Suárez Internazionale
45
1964
1st Denis Law Manchester United
61
2nd Luis Suárez Internazionale
43
3rd Amancio Real Madrid
38
1963
1st Lev Yashin Dynamo Moscow
73
2nd Gianni Rivera Milan
55
3rd Jimmy Greaves Tottenham Hotspur
50
1962
1st Josef Masopust Dukla Prague
65
2nd Eusébio Benfica
53
3rd Karl-Heinz Schnellinger Köln
33
1961
1st Omar Sivori Juventus
46
2nd Luis Suárez Barcelona /
Internazionale
40
3rd Johnny Haynes Fulham
22
1960
1st Luis Suárez Barcelona
54
2nd Ferenc Puskás Real Madrid
37
3rd Uwe Seeler Hamburg
33
1959
1st Alfredo Di Stéfano Real Madrid
80
2nd Raymond Kopa Real Madrid / Stade Reims
42
3rd John Charles Juventus
24
1958
1st Raymond Kopa Real Madrid
71
2nd Helmut Rahn Rot-Weiss Essen
40
3rd Just Fontaine Stade Reims
23
1957
1st Alfredo Di Stéfano Real Madrid
72
2nd Billy Wright Wolverhampton Wanderers
19
3rd Raymond Kopa Real Madrid
16
1956
1st Stanley Matthews Blackpool
47
2nd Alfredo Di Stéfano Real Madrid
44
3rd Raymond Kopa Stade Reims / Real Madrid
33

Wins

By player

Wins Player Club
3
Johan Cruyff (1971, 1973, 1974) Ajax, Barcelona
3
Michel Platini (1983, 1984, 1985) Juventus
3
Marco van Basten (1988, 1989, 1992) Milan
2
Alfredo Di Stéfano (1957, 1959) Real Madrid
2
Franz Beckenbauer (1972, 1976) Bayern Munich
2
Kevin Keegan (1978, 1979) Hamburg
2
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (1980, 1981) Bayern Munich
2
Ronaldo (1997, 2002) Internazionale, Real Madrid
1
Stanley Matthews (1956) Blackpool
1
Raymond Kopa (1958) Real Madrid
1
Luis Suárez (1960) Barcelona
1
Omar Sivori (1961) Juventus
1
Josef Masopust (1962) Dukla Prague
1
Lev Yashin (1963) Dynamo Moscow
1
Denis Law (1964) Manchester United
1
Eusébio (1965) Benfica
1
Bobby Charlton (1966) Manchester United
1
Flórián Albert (1967) Ferencváros
1
George Best (1968) Manchester United
1
Gianni Rivera (1969) Milan
1
Gerd Müller (1970) Bayern Munich
1
Oleg Blokhin (1975) Dynamo Kyiv
1
Allan Simonsen (1977) Borussia Mönchengladbach
1
Paolo Rossi (1982) Juventus
1
Igor Belanov (1986) Dynamo Kyiv
1
Ruud Gullit (1987) Milan
1
Lothar Matthäus (1990) Internazionale
1
Jean-Pierre Papin (1991) Marseille
1
Roberto Baggio (1993) Juventus
1
Hristo Stoitchkov (1994) Barcelona
1
George Weah (1995) Milan
1
Matthias Sammer (1996) Borussia Dortmund
1
Zinedine Zidane (1998) Juventus
1
Rivaldo (1999) Barcelona
1
Luís Figo (2000) Real Madrid
1
Michael Owen (2001) Liverpool
1
Pavel Nedvěd (2003) Juventus
1
Andriy Shevchenko (2004) Milan
1
Ronaldinho (2005) Barcelona
1
Fabio Cannavaro (2006) Real Madrid
1
Kaká (2007) Milan

By country

Country Awards Players Players
Germany
7
5
Gerd Müller (1970)
Franz Beckenbauer (1972, 1976)
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (1980, 1981)
Lothar Matthäus (1990)
Matthias Sammer (1996)
Netherlands
7
3
Johan Cruyff (1971, 1973, 1974)
Ruud Gullit (1987)
Marco van Basten (1988, 1989, 1992)
France
6
4
Raymond Kopa (1958)
Michel Platini (1983, 1984, 1985)
Jean-Pierre Papin (1991)
Zinedine Zidane (1998)
Italy
5
5
Omar Sivori* (1961)
Gianni Rivera (1969)
Paolo Rossi (1982)
Roberto Baggio (1993)
Fabio Cannavaro (2006)
England
5
4
Stanley Matthews (1956)
Bobby Charlton (1966)
Kevin Keegan (1978, 1979)
Michael Owen (2001)
Brazil
5
4
Ronaldo (1997, 2002)
Rivaldo (1999)
Ronaldinho (2005)
Kaká (2007)
Soviet Union
3
3
Lev Yashin (1963)
Oleg Blokhin (1975)
Igor Belanov (1986)
Argentina
3
2
Alfredo Di Stéfano* (1957, 1959)
Omar Sivori* (1961)
Spain
3
2
Alfredo Di Stéfano* (1957, 1959)
Luis Suárez (1960)
Portugal
2
2
Eusébio (1965)
Luís Figo (2000)
Czechoslovakia
1
1
Josef Masopust (1962)
Scotland
1
1
Denis Law (1964)
Hungary
1
1
Flórián Albert (1967)
Northern Ireland
1
1
George Best (1968)
Denmark
1
1
Allan Simonsen (1977)
Bulgaria
1
1
Hristo Stoichkov (1994)
Liberia
1
1
George Weah (1995)
Czech Republic
1
1
Pavel Nedvěd (2003)
Ukraine
1
1
Andriy Shevchenko (2004)

* Di Stefano and Sivori were Argentine players but they acquired Spanish and Italian citizenships respectively.

By club

Clubs are ranked according to the number of Ballon d'Or awards their players won while they were playing for the club. Clubs that Ballon d'Or winners played for during the first part of the year only are not included.

Club Awards Players Players
Juventus
8
6
Omar Sivori (1961)
Paolo Rossi (1982)
Michel Platini (1983, 1984, 1985)
Roberto Baggio (1993)
Zinedine Zidane (1998)
Pavel Nedvěd (2003)
Milan
8
6
Gianni Rivera (1969)
Ruud Gullit (1987*)
Marco van Basten (1988, 1989, 1992)
George Weah (1995*)
Andriy Shevchenko (2004)
Kaká (2007)
Barcelona
6
5
Luis Suárez (1960)
Johan Cruyff (1973*, 1974)
Hristo Stoichkov (1994)
Rivaldo (1999)
Ronaldinho (2005)
Real Madrid
6
5
Alfredo Di Stéfano (1957, 1959)
Raymond Kopa (1958)
Luís Figo (2000*)
Ronaldo (2002*)
Fabio Cannavaro (2006*)
Bayern Munich
5
3
Gerd Müller (1970)
Franz Beckenbauer (1972, 1976)
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (1980, 1981)
Manchester United
3
3
Denis Law (1964)
Bobby Charlton (1966)
George Best (1968)
Dynamo Kyiv
2
2
Oleg Blokhin (1975)
Igor Belanov (1986)
Internazionale
2
2
Lothar Matthäus (1990)
Ronaldo (1997*)
Hamburg
2
1
Kevin Keegan (1978, 1979)
Blackpool
1
1
Stanley Matthews (1956)
Dukla Prague
1
1
Josef Masopust (1962)
Dynamo Moscow
1
1
Lev Yashin (1963)
Benfica
1
1
Eusébio (1965)
Ferencváros
1
1
Flórián Albert (1967)
Ajax
1
1
Johan Cruyff (1971)
Borussia Mönchengladbach
1
1
Allan Simonsen (1977)
Marseille
1
1
Jean-Pierre Papin (1991)
Borussia Dortmund
1
1
Matthias Sammer (1996)
Liverpool
1
1
Michael Owen (2001)

* Player was a member of the club for only the second part of the year.

By league

League Wins Clubs Clubs
Italy
18
3
Juventus (1961, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1993, 1998, 2003)
Milan (1969, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1995, 2004, 2007)
Internazionale (1990, 1997)
Spain
12
2
Real Madrid (1957, 1958, 1959, 2000, 2002, 2006)
Barcelona (1960, 1973, 1974, 1994, 1999, 2005)
Germany
9
4
Bayern Munich (1970, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1981)
Hamburg (1978, 1979)
Borussia Mönchengladbach (1977)
Borussia Dortmund (1996)
England
5
3
Manchester United (1964, 1966, 1968)
Blackpool (1956)
Liverpool (2001)
Soviet Union
3
2
Dynamo Kyiv (1975, 1986)
Dynamo Moscow (1963)
Czechoslovakia
1
1
Dukla Prague (1962)
Portugal
1
1
Benfica (1965)
Hungary
1
1
Ferencváros (1967)
Netherlands
1
1
Ajax (1971)
France
1
1
Marseille (1991)

Medal count

By player

Players who won at least two medals.
Pos. Player G S B tot
1. Michel Platini
3
2
5
2. Johan Cruyff
3
1
4
3. Marco van Basten
3
3
4. Franz Beckenbauer
2
2
1
5
5. Ronaldo
2
1
1
4
6= Alfredo Di Stéfano
2
1
3
6= Kevin Keegan
2
1
3
6= Karl-Heinz Rummenigge
2
1
3
9. Luis Suárez
1
2
1
4
10= Bobby Charlton
1
2
3
10= Eusébio
1
2
3
12= Raymond Kopa
1
1
2
4
12= Gerd Müller
1
1
2
4
14. Zinedine Zidane
1
1
1
3
15= Roberto Baggio
1
1
2
15= Ruud Gullit
1
1
2
15= Lothar Matthäus
1
1
2
15= Gianni Rivera
1
1
2
15= Hristo Stoichkov
1
1
2
20. Andriy Shevchenko
1
2
3
21= George Best
1
1
2
21= Ronaldinho
1
1
2
21= Allan Simonsen
1
1
2
24. Bernd Schuster
1
2
3
25= Dennis Bergkamp
1
1
2
25= Preben Elkjær Larsen
1
1
2
25= Thierry Henry
1
1
2
25= Rob Rensenbrink
1
1
2
25= Luigi Riva
1
1
2
30= Emilio Butragueño
2
2
30= Oliver Kahn
2
2
30= Paolo Maldini
2
2
30= Frank Rijkaard
2
2

By country

Pos. Country G S B tot
1. Germany
7
9
11
27
2. Netherlands
7
3
6
16
3. France
6
5
8
19
4. Italy
5
9
3
17
5. England
5
8
4
17
6. Brazil
5
2
2
9
7. Spain
3
4
4
11
8. Soviet Union
3
3
9. Portugal
2
5
7
10. Denmark
1
1
2
4
11. Scotland
1
1
1
3
12= Bulgaria
1
1
2
12= Hungary
1
1
2
14. Ukraine
1
2
3
15= Czechoslovakia
1
1
2
15= Northern Ireland
1
1
2
17= Czech Republic
1
1
17= Liberia
1
1
19. Yugoslavia
3
1
4
20= Austria
1
1
20= Croatia
1
1
22. Poland
2
2
23= Argentina
1
1
23= Finland
1
1
23= Wales
1
1

By club

Pos. Club G S B tot
1. Juventus
8
5
3
16
2. Milan
8
3
6
17
3= Barcelona
6
6
5
17
3= Real Madrid
6
6
5
17
5. Bayern Munich
5
6
5
16
6. Manchester United
3
4
2
9
7. Internazionale
2
6
3
11
8. Hamburg
2
1
1
4
9. Dynamo Kyiv
2
1
2
10. Benfica
1
2
3
11. Liverpool
1
1
1
3
12. Ajax
1
3
4
13= Borussia Mönchengladbach
1
1
2
13= Dukla Prague
1
1
2
15= Blackpool
1
1
15= Borussia Dortmund
1
1
15= Dynamo Moscow
1
1
15= Ferencváros
1
1
15= Marseille
1
1
20. Red Star Belgrade
2
1
3
21. FC Girondins de Bordeaux
2
2
22= RSC Anderlecht
1
1
2
22= Arsenal FC
1
1
2
22= Cagliari Calcio
1
1
2
22= Hellas Verona FC
1
1
2
22= Stade Reims
1
1
2
27= Atlético Madrid
1
1
27= Chelsea FC
1
1
27= Rot-Weiss Essen
1
1
27= West Ham United FC
1
1
27= Wolverhampton Wanderers FC
1
1
32= Celtic FC
1
1
32= Fulham FC
1
1
32= 1. FC Köln
1
1
32= Legia Warsaw
1
1
32= AS Nancy-Lorraine
1
1
32= Newcastle United FC
1
1
32= AS Saint-Étienne
1
1
32= Tottenham Hotspur F.C.
1
1
32= Vejle BK
1
1

By league

Pos. League G S B tot
1 Italy
18
16
14
48
2 Spain
12
13
10
35
3 Germany
9
8
8
25
4 England
5
9
7
21
5 Soviet Union
3
3
6 France
1
3
3
7
7 Portugal
1
2
3
8 Netherlands
1
3
4
9 Czechoslovakia
1
1
2
10 Hungary
1
1
11 Yugoslavia
2
1
3
12 Belgium
1
1
2
13= Denmark
1
1
13= Poland
1
1
13= Scotland
1
1

Notes

See also

External links

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