Baldwin, Matthias William

Baldwin, Matthias William

Baldwin, Matthias William, 1795-1866, American industrialist and philanthropist, b. Elizabethtown (now Elizabeth), N.J. After earlier business successes, Baldwin became interested in steam-engine production and completed in 1832 the locomotive Old Ironsides—one of the first successful American models—for the Philadelphia, Germantown, and Norristown RR. The Baldwin Locomotive Works subsequently prospered and maintained a leading position in the industry. Baldwin made many contributions to the Franklin Institute for the Promotion of Mechanical Arts, of which he was a charter member.
The National Inventors Hall of Fame is an organization that recognizes inventors and invention everywhere, promotes creativity and advances the spirit of innovation and entrepreneurship. The only prerequisite of induction into the Hall of Fame is being named an inventor on a US patent. Posthumous induction is allowed. As of 2008 there were 390 inductees. New inductee announcements are made in mid February.

The organization has a museum in Akron, Ohio, and an annual induction ceremony. Inductees are chosen by a national panel of inventors and scientists. There are satellite offices in Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles.

The National Inventors Hall of Fame Foundation is a non-profit organization founded in 1973 by the United States Patent and Trademark Office and the National Council of Intellectual Property Law Associations. The organization hosts the Modern Marvels Invent Now Challenge, an annual contest for inventors nationwide, in collaboration with the United States Patent and Trademark Office, Time magazine and The History Channel. It also operates Camp Invention, a summer camp program for elementary school age children and the Collegiate Inventors Competition.

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