Jadavpur University (যাদবপুর বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়) (JU) is a premier educational and research institution in India. It is located in Kolkata, West Bengal and comprises two campuses - the main campus at Jadavpur and the new campus at Salt Lake. Jadavpur University is also closely affiliated to leading research institutes like the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science and the Central Glass and Ceramics Research Institute.
Four specialized institutes are affiliated to Jadavpur University -
Jadavpur University is generally regarded as one of the better Indian research and teaching institution. Specifically, the programs under the Faculty of Engineering and Technology are seen as being amongst the very best in India.
The National Council of Education (NCE) was set up in 1906 to impart literary, scientific and technical education on a national basis. The year was significant in Bengal's history as the province had just been partitioned by Lord Curzon, the Governor-General of India, into East Bengal on the one hand (the area that was eventually to become Bangladesh in 1971) and West Bengal and Orissa on the other. This was an extremely unpopular move by the British and was ultimately reversed in 1911, but much damage had been done to Bengal's sensibilities in the meantime. In 1906, a group of Bengali intellectuals including Rabindranath Tagore, Aurobindo Ghosh, Raja Subodh Chandra Mullick and Brajendra Kishore Roychowdhury decided that they would protest the partition of Bengal by setting up an institution that would challenge British rule by offering education to the masses 'on national lines and under national control'. The NCE was set up with Rash Behari Ghosh as its first president.
Almost on the same day a rival organisation, the Society for Promotion of Technical Education in Bengal, was set up by Taraknath Palit, and under it the Bengal Technical Institute came into being on 25 July 1906. The two organisations fought it out for a few years until the SPTE was amalgamated with the NCE in 1910 and the Bengal Technical Institute passed into its hands. In 1921 the Institute became the first in India to introduce Chemical Engineering as a discipline. By 1940, the institute was virtually functioning as an independent university, and after Indian Independence in 1947, the West Bengal State Legislature, with the concurrence of the Government of India, enacted the Jadavpur University Act, 1955 to convert the institute into Jadavpur University with full autonomy on (December 24, 1955). Since then the university has observed this date in its calendar as Convocation Day.
Today Jadavpur University has successfully established itself as one of the foremost Indian universities with a vast repertoire of courses offered and an enviable list of faculty members. It is well known for its commitment towards advanced study and research as well as teaching.
The Emblem of the University is a three - flamed lamp encircled by Lotus petals. The Lamp represents Knowledge. The three flames represent-Intellectual Training, Cultivation of Emotions and Imagination, and Spiritual Development. Petals of the Lotus on the periphery represent Fine Arts and Culture. The logo had been designed by the Late Nandalal Bose, the Great Artist of the Bengal School of Painting, who had also been one of the Great Teachers of Kala Bhavan in Rabindra Nath Tagore's Santiniketan. As the university celebrated its Golden Jubilee on December 24, 2005, a special emblem (see above) was created to commemorate the occasion, and the motto 'To Know is to Grow' was coined. This date was also the centenary of the National Council of Education.
The academic departments in JU are organised under three Faculties, viz, Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Engineering & Technology and Faculty of Science. Each faculty is headed by a Dean who ensures interdepartmental coordination for proper implementation of the guiding principles formulated by the Faculty Councils, while the constituent departments are under the administrative control of respective Heads of the Departments, who function under the policies framed by the Boards of Studies. The Vice-Chancellor is the chief academic and administrative officer of the university, and is elected from amongst the professors for fixed terms. The Governor of the state of West Bengal is the ex-officio Chancellor of the University, and as such wields no administrative power. Each department offers under-graduate and/or post-graduate programmes, and undertakes research in their respective fields of study.
The Arts Faculty has contributed significantly to the literary and cultural life of Bengal. The Faculty contains twelve departments, of which Film Studies and Physical Education are fairly recent and six have been identified by the UGC for Special assistance. Following is a complete list of all the departments :
The history of Jadavpur University with its origin entrenched in the erstwhile National Council of Education, Bengal gives the Faculty of Engineering & Technology a predominant place in the map of engineering education in Eastern India. Between 1955 and 2000 the Faculty has experienced phenomenal growth. Today sixteen Departments are spread over in old campus and at SaltLake campus. During the last decade there has been a major emphasis on interdisciplinary studies and a number of schools and centres have been established. Following is a complete list of the various departments in this faculty:
The Faculty of Science, Jadavpur University has come a long way since it was created in the year 1956. At present all its departments have been recognised by the University Grants Commission for their important research contributions and advanced studies and have been provided with Special Assistance Programme - a unique distinction for a Faculty. The departments housed under this faculty are :
The University specialises in Oceanography, Electronics & Telecommunication, Computer Science & Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Electrical Engineering. It is also one of the only three institutions in eastern India which offers courses and undertakes research in Architecture and Planning. The university has a number of departments recognised by the University Grants Commission (UGC) as Centres for Advanced Study in their respective disciplines, notably English, Comparative Literature and Philosophy. It has been awarded a five star rating by the UGC and was recognised as a University with Potential for Excellence (UPE) in 2005.
In collaboration with the Indian Statistical Institute, the university developed the ISIJU, India's first indigenously made transistor-driven computer, in 1966. This was at the frontier of the technology then available and in recognition the UGC sanctioned a computer centre at part of the electronics department, one of the earliest in the country. In 1988, this finally became an independent department.
The university has received several major grants in recent times to develop new areas and technologies such as cognitive science and mobile computing Other areas of emphasis include nanotechnology, archives and records, media and communication, and history of the book.
The School of Cultural Texts and Records has been archiving the papers, memoirs and manuscripts of various noteworthy litterateurs such as Sudhindranath Datta, the editor of the early twentieth century periodical Parichaya, and Buddhadeva Basu, a noted Bengali poet, and will be creating digital archives of many important cultural and historical documents. It is also building an archive of early recorded classical hindustani music.
The university has one of the earliest (1989) schools of women's studies in an Indian university, which has recently introduced an M.Phil programme.
The university also houses the eastern regional centre of the National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board of India.
A complete list of all the Centres and Schools in JU is given below.
Jadavpur University houses the following inter-disciplinary centres for advanced studies and research :
Jadavpur University houses the following schools of advanced studies:
Jadavpur University is regarded as a premier center of education and research throughout the country primarily because of its strong engineering, management and technology programs. Engineering students consistently get placed in top institutions for graduate studies in India (like Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institutes of Management, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Indian Statistical Institute, Indian Institute of Science etc.) and abroad (like MIT, CMU, Stanford, Berkeley, Cornell etc.) Arts and Sciences students have also been known to enroll for graduate studies in places like Jawaharlal Nehru University, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (in India) and University of Chicago, University of California Santa Cruz, UT Austin, UIUC, Binghamton University. (in the USA)
Some current rankings are given as follows: