or evitative case
is a grammatical case
found in Australian Aboriginal languages
that indicates that the marked noun is avoided or feared.
For example, in Walmajarri
|| natji-karti. |
|| ran away
|| cave-ALL |
| The children ran into the cave because of the dust storm.
The suffix -karrarla
indicates that the action (running away) was carried out in order to avoid the dust storm, tjurtu-
The aversive may also be used to mark the object of verbs of fearing. For example, in Djabugay:
|| yarrnga-nj. |
|| be afraid-PAST |
| I was afraid of the snake.
The aversive may be used on a nominalized
verb, to produce an equivalent of English "lest". For example, "lest they be forgotten" could be encoded as "to avoid forgetting them".
Few languages have a distinct aversive case. Usually, a single case will be used both for the aversive and other functions.
Languages with a distinct aversive case include: