Aurangabad ((औरंगाबाद) from Persian / Urdu: اورنگآباد meaning "Built by the Throne", named after Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb) is a city in Maharashtra, India. The city is a tourist hub, surrounded with many historical monuments including the Ajanta and Ellora World heritage sites, and is the administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad Division, or Marathwada region. Aurangabad is said to be a 'City of Gates' as one can not miss the strong presence of these as one drives through the city.
There was a village named Khadki where the city stands today. According to some historians, the city was founded in 1610 by Malik Ambar, the Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam Shah II of Ahmednagar, the then ruler of the Deccan (central parts of Southern India). It is widely believed that city took shape between 1604 and 1610 under Ambar's rule. Initially, it was named Fatehpura (city of Victory), probably after Ambar's son Fateh Khan.
In 1634, Aurangzeb was sent to Khadki as Governor of the Deccan. In 1644, he moved to Agra to play an active role in Mughal politics.
In 1681, the city again became the residence of Aurangzeb, who had now become the Mughal Emperor. He used the city as a base for his campaigns to conquer the last remaining Deccan sultanates until his death in 1707. The modern name of the city was probably taken during his period. Aurangzeb's tomb is situated at Khuldabad, a small town near the city which is also known as Saints valley.
Important places in and around Aurangabad include Bibi Ka Maqbara (a replica of the Taj Mahal), the Ellora, Aurangabad and Ajanta caves, the Ghrishneshwar Shiva temple and the Daulatabad fort.
The location co-ordinates for Aurangabad are N 19° 53' 47" - E 75° 23' 54". The city is surrounded by hills on all sides.
Temperature : Annual temperatures in Aurangabad range from 9 to 40 °C, with the most comfortable time to visit in the winter - October to February. The highest maximum temperature ever recorded was 46 °C (114 °F) on 25 May 1905. The lowest recorded temperature was 2 °C (36 °F) on 2 February, 1911. In the cold season the district is sometimes affected by cold waves in association with the eastward passage of western disturbances across north India, when the minimum temperature may drop down to about 2 °C to 4 °C (35.6 °F to 39.2 °F).
Rainfall : Most of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season from June to September. Rainfall varies from 9.0 to 693 mm/month. Average annual rainfall is 725 mm.
There is evidence to believe that Aurangabad was developed as a trading hub four centuries ago. It lies on a major trade route that used to connect north-west India's sea and land ports to the Deccan region.
The city was a major silk and cotton textile production center. A fine blend of silk with locally grown cotton was developed as Himroo textile. Much of the silk industry has vanished over time, but some manufacturers - such as the Aurangabad Silk Mills, Standard Silk Mills - have managed to keep the tradition alive. Paithani silk saris are also made in Aurangabad. The name of this cloth is derived from Paithan town.
Pharmaceuticals, steel recycling, auto parts manufacturing, and beverage production (soft drinks and beer in particular) are major industries.
The Shendra, Chikalthana and Waluj MIDC Industrial Areas are prominent industrial zones on the outskirts of the city, with various major multinational groups having set up manufacturing or processing plants in and around the city.
Banking And Financial Services
In the first decade of the 21st century, Aurangabad has seen a spurt in financial activities, with almost all public sector and private banks have opened up branches including the State Bank of India
, State Bank of Hyderabad
, Deutsche Bank
, the Bank of India
, HDFC Bank
, YES Bank
Many IT companies have already been established, with more waiting to establish a presence, probably due to the city's large urban and cosmopolitan population and its proximity to Mumbai
Upcoming Attractions in Aurangabad
- PVR Gallery,Chikalthana, Aurangabad
- Spencers Hyper,Chikalthana, Aurangabad
- Vishal Mega Mart,Railway Station Road,Aurangabad
- Big Bazaar, Jalna Road, Aurangabad
Coming Soon(Not coming through Responsible Sources)...
- Prozone Mall,Chikalthana, Aurangabad(22 lakh Sq-Ft) MULTIPLEX .
- West Pioneer Mall,Jalna Road,Aurangabad (7 lakh Sq-Ft) MULTIPLEX
- Hyper City,Chikalthana, Aurangabad
- Shoppers Stop,Chikalthana, Aurangabad
- Tapdiya Mall, Adalat Road, Aurangabad MULTIPLEX
- Marathawada engineering Pvt Ltd Mall
- Inox,Railway Station Road,Aurangabad MULTIPLEX
- Aurangabad city centre,Aakashwani,Aurangabad
- R-mall,Garkheda,Aurangabad MULTIPLEX
- Siddharth plaza,Siddhart Garden,Aurangabad
- AMC Mall,Jakat naka,Aurangabad
- AMC Mall,Shahanurmiyadarga,Aurangabad MULTIPLEX
- WAL MART WALUJ Aurangabad
Administration and Politics
Aurangabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) is the local civil body. It is divided into six zones.
Major Areas of Aurangabad City
- Bhadkal Gate
- Kareem Hotel Circle
- Champa Chowk
- Hilaal Colony
- Aasifiya Colony
- Jubilee Park
- City Chowk
- Aarif Colony
- Roshan Gate
- Begum Pura
- Town Hall
- Rauza Baugh
- Himayat Baugh
- Kat Kat Gate
- Rasheed Pura
- Ganesh Colony
- Paithan Gate
- Kirad Pura
- Baiji Pura
- Buddi Lane
- Juna Bazar
- CIDCO city Region
- Naryali Baugh
- Dr. Rafiq Zakaria Road
- Bari Colony
- Kareem Colony
- Heena Nagar
- Town Hall
- Jawahar Colony
- Jalna Road
- Aurangpura & Nirala Bazaar
- Shah Ganj
- Cheli Pura
- Qiasar Colony
- Altamash Colony
- Central Naka
- Jaffer Gate
- Saadat Nagar
- Shah Bazar
- Raja Bazar
- Shah Noor Miyan Darghah
- Shivaji Nagar
- Satara Parisar
- Hazrat Nizamuddin Road
- Bada Takiya & Cchota Takiya
- SILLY KHAANA
- Bajaj Nagar & Waluj
- Shendra MIDC
- Pandharpur & Chitegaon MIDC
- Kanchan Wadi
- Mukund Wadi
- Nakshatra Wadi
- Silk Mills
- Nageshwar wadi
- Nandanvan Colony
- Bansilal Nagar
- New Shreynager
- Zambad Estate
- Cidco(N-1 to N-15)
- Hudco (H-1 to H-20)
- Vishram Baugh Colony
- TV Center.
Aurangabad contributes one seat to the Lok Sabha. The seat is currently held by Mr. Chandrakant Khaire, MP of the Shiv Sena party. It also holds two seats for the Assembly - Aurangabad West (Indian National Congress) and Aurangabad East (National Congress Party).
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Media and Communications
Loksatta, Sakaal, Punya Nagari, lokmat, Saamna, Sanjwaarta,
News Portal: Apart from the Various News Channels and New Papers we have Internet News cum Business Portal which covers International,Nationa and local News Portal Promoted by S.M.Javeed
Radio: The city has four FM radio stations - All India Radio, Gyaanvani (dedicated to University learning and distance education) and Radio Mirchi 98.3fm, sfm 93.5,radio city 91.1 fm with the private satellite radio station WorldSpace also available.
Internet: Internet facilities are provided by several suppliers, with BSNLand Hathway[MCN] providing a broadband service
PR : Aurangabad is rapidly devoloping city. It gives scope to huge publicity work. At present there is only one and one registered publicity company in the city named as PR impact. Company is working for many national and local clients along with working as assocoait's for many national PR companies. Recently PR impact had worked for pulicity of National IT leadeship summit -2008 organised by Aurangabad Municipal Corporation, CMIA and NASSCOM. PR impact has succesfully arranged the news of this mega event in Local, Regional and National newspapers.
Intra city Transport
"Aurangabad Municipal Transport" (AMT) is an intra-city bus service which covers almost all parts of the city and also connects to the more distant industrial suburbs.
The "Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation" (MSRTC) and numerous other private bus operators provide a bus service to all parts of the state.
Metered auto rickshaws ply throughout the city. The fare is based on a meter and is computed by a tariff card available from the driver.
is Aurangabad's domestic airport. The nearest international airports are Mumbai
. Construction is currently taking place at Chikalthana to make it an international airport.
(Station Code: AWB
) is a station located on the Kachiguda-Manmad section of Hyderabad(HYB) Division of South Central Railway(SCR). After Divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw the bifurcation of Hyderabad division, Aurangabad now comes under the newly created Nanded(NED) Division of SCR. Aurangabad has rail connectivity with Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, latur, Osmanabad, Gangakhed, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nizamabad, Nasik, Mumbai, Pune, Daund, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Kadapa, Renigunta, Tirupati, Katpadi, Erode, Madurai and Kachiguda(HYB). Ajanta Express between Kachiguda and Manmad is the most prestigious train passing through this station.
The "Janashatabdi Express" is the fastest and most comfortable train option to and from Mumbai with a total traveling time of 6 1/2 hours. Three overnight trains and two daytime trains also travel between Mumbai and Aurangabad.
Aurangabad has more number of trains to HYB than to any other city. Ajanta Express, Secunderabad Bi-Weekly Express, Kakinada Express, Devagiri Express, Hyderabad Passenger, Manmad-Kachiguda Passenger, Okha-Rameswaram Express--all these trains connect AWB with HYB
- Ajanta stone engraved sculpture and paintings Caves. A world heritage monument.
- Ajanta Visitor Center Under construction, it has been designed as a tribute to the Ajanta Caves. The center will consist of four cave replicas (1,2,16 1nd 17), with static, electronic and interactive museums to orient, guide and create a virtually real experience for the visitors to understand the original paintings and stories.
- Ellora stone engraved sculptures. A world heritage monument.
- Ellora Visitor Centre - Interprtation centre on the same lines as that of Ajanta.
- Daulatabad fort
- Bibi Ka Maqbara. A replica of the Taj Mahal.
- Aurangabad Caves
- Panchakki, or The Water Mill complex
- Khultabad the resting place of Aurangzeb.
- Gates (Darwajas) - During Mughal times, Aurangabad had 4 main and 9 subordinate gates (darwajas) along its periphery, the most famous and oldest and biggest of them being the Bhadkal Gate near the Naukhanda Palace of Nizams.
- Mhaismal hills
- Lonar - a natural lake formed by meteorite impact (Near Mehekar) - 150 km from Aurangabad
- Sant Dnyaneshwar garden, Paithan - 50 km from Auranagabad
- Jayakwadi dam bird sanctuary: home for migratory birds from Siberia - 45 km from Aurangabad
- Gautala wildlife park and bird sanctury
- Siddarth Garden
North West Dhulia