is a form of testimony
which is presented in the form of a verbal or even written speech or article. It should be attested as true by the author(s), or given under oath. Typically it is given to a large body or organization. Questions may be posed to the attestor or witness, but the forum of the testimony may not permit this, or it may be impractical, or questioning may be cast implicitly in the form of a further testimony by others.
- An example of prepared testimony by Donald H. Rumsfeld