The asthenosphere (from an invented Greek ἀσθενός a + sthenos'' "without strength" and Greek word σφαίρα (sphera) meaning globe) is the region of the Earth between 100 and 200 km (~ 62 and 124 miles) below the surface — but perhaps extending as deep as 400 km (~ 249 miles) — that is the weak or "soft" zone in the upper mantle.
Under the thin oceanic plates the asthenosphere is usually much nearer the seafloor surface, and at mid-ocean ridges it rises to within a few kilometres of the ocean floor.At the depth of 100km there is a layer of plastics with low density called asthenosphere which is between upper and lower mantle.
The upper part of the asthenosphere is believed to be the zone upon which the great rigid and brittle lithospheric plates of the Earth's crust move about. Due to the temperature and pressure conditions in the asthenosphere, rock becomes ductile, moving at rates of deformation measured in cm/yr over lineal distances eventually measuring thousands of kilometers. In this way, it flows like a convection current, radiating heat outward from the Earth's interior. Above the asthenosphere, at the same rate of deformation, rock behaves elastically and, being brittle, can break, causing faults. The rigid lithosphere is thought to "float" or move about on the slowly flowing asthenosphere, creating the movement of crustal plates described by Plate tectonics theory.