The Senchus does not list any kindreds in Ireland. Among the Cenél Loairn it lists the Airgíalla, although whether this should be understood as being Irish settlers or simply another tribe to whom the label was applied is unclear. The meaning of Airgíalla 'hostage givers' adds to the uncertainty, although it must be observed that only one grouping in Ireland was apparenly given this name and it is therefore very rare, perhaps supporting the Ui Macc Uais hypothesis. There is no reason to suppose that this is a complete or accurate list.
Some clans such as Clan Campbell and Clan Donald claim ancient Celtic mythological progenitors mentioned in the Fenian cycle, with a group including Clan MacSween, Clan Lamont, Clan MacEwen of Otter, Clan Maclachlan, and MacNeil tracing their ancestry back to the 5th century High King of Ireland. Others such as Clan MacAulay, Clan Mackinnon and Clan Gregor claim descent from the Scots King Kenneth Mac Alpin who made himself King of the Picts in 843, founding the Kingdom called after the name of the land Alba (modern-day Scotland). The MacDonalds and MacDougalls claim descent from Somerled, the half-Gael/Norse-Manx Lord of the Isles in the mid-11th century.
Though the clans had always been a feature of pre-Christian Ireland and Scotland, they first emerged into English consciousness from the turmoil of the 12th and 13th centuries when the Scottish crown pacified northern rebellions and re-conquered areas taken by the Norse, and after the fall of Macbeth when the crown became increasingly Anglo-Norman. This turmoil created opportunities for Norse, Scottish and English warlords and their kin to dominate areas, and the instability of the Wars of Scottish Independence brought in warlords with Norman, and Flemish ancestry, founding clans such as the Chisholms and Menzies.
Thus the collective heritage of the clan, the dùthchas, gave the right to settle the land to which the chiefs and leading gentry provided protection and authority as trustees for the people. This was combined with the complementary concept of òighreachd where the chieftain's authority came from charters granted by the feudal Scottish crown, where individual heritage was warranted. While dùthchas held precedence in the medieval period, the balance shifted as the mainly lowland Scots law became increasingly important in shaping the structure of clanship.
Less durably, marriage alliances reinforced kinship between clans. These were contracts involving the exchange of livestock, money and rent, tocher for the bride and dowry for the groom.
From the late 16th century the Scottish Privy Council, recognising the need for co-operation, required clan leaders to provide bonds of surety for the conduct of anyone on their territory and to regularly attend at Edinburgh, encouraging a tendency to become absentee landlords. With an increase in droving, tacksmen acquired the wealth to finance the gentry's debts secured against their estates, hence acquiring the land. By the 1680s this led to the land in ownership largely coinciding with the collective 'dutchas' for the first time. The tacksmen became responsible for the bonds of surety leading to a decline in banditry and feuding.
Reiving had been a rite of passage, the creach where young men took livestock from neighbouring clans. By the 17th century this had declined and most reiving was the spreidh where up to 10 men raided the adjoining Lowlands, the livestock taken usually being recoverable on payment of tascal (information money) and guarantee of no prosecution. Some clans offered the Lowlanders protection against such raids, on terms not dissimilar to blackmail.
Although by the late 17th century disorder declined, reiving persisted with the growth of cateran bands of up to 50 bandits, usually led by a renegade of the gentry, who had thrown off the constraints of the clan system. As well as preying off the clans, caterans acted as mercenaries for Lowland lairds pursuing disputes amongst themselves.
With the Restoration of Charles II, Episcopalianism became widespread among clans as it suited the hierarchical clan structure and encouraged obedience to Royal authority, while some other clans were converted by Catholic missions. In 1682 James Duke of York, Charles' brother, instituted the Commission for Pacifying the Highlands which worked in co-operation with the clan chiefs in maintaining order as well as redressing Campbell acquisitiveness, and when he became King James VII he retained popularity with many Highlanders. All these factors contributed to continuing support for the Stuarts when James was deposed by William of Orange in the "Glorious Revolution".
The support among many clans, their remoteness from authority and the ready mobilisation of the clan hosts made the Highlands the starting point for the Jacobite Risings. In Scottish Jacobite ideology the Highlander symbolised patriotic purity as against the corruption of the Union, and as early as 1689 some Lowlanders wore "Highland habit" in the Jacobite army.
With the failure of Jacobitism the clan chiefs and gentry increasingly became landlords, losing the traditional obligations of clanship. They were incorporated into the British aristocracy, looking to the clan lands mainly to provide them with a suitable income. From around 1725 clansmen had been emigrating to America; both clan gentry looking to re-establish their lifestyle, or as victims of raids on the Hebrides looking for cheap labour. Increasing demand in Britain for cattle and sheep led to higher rents with surplus clan population leaving in the mass migration later known as the Highland Clearances, finally undermining the traditional clan system.
The Ossian poems of James Macpherson in the 1760s suited the Romantic enthusiasm for the "sublime" "primitive" and achieved international success with a disguised elegy for the Jacobite clans, set in the remote past. They were presented as translations of ancient ballads, a fraud caustically dismissed by Dr. Samuel Johnson. This damaged the reputation of the poems, but their artistic merit had widespread influence.
Shortly before or after the Dress Act restricting kilt wearing was repealed in 1782, Highland aristocrats set up Highland Societies in Edinburgh and other centres including London and Aberdeen, landowners' clubs with aims including "Improvements" (which others would later call the Highland Clearances). Clubs like the Celtic Society of Edinburgh included Highland chieftains and Lowlanders taking an interest in the clans. The success of the historical novels of Sir Walter Scott as well as the pomp surrounding the visit of King George IV to Scotland in 1822 spurred 19th century interest in the clans and a reawakening of Scottish culture and pride.
The important point to remember is that until the 19th century, the Lowland or Border clans did not identify themselves by specific tartans, nor did they wear the kilt or play the Great Highland Pipes (although they would be familiar with the widely used Lowland or Border Pipes) but afterwards they adopted these characteristics of Highland culture as a form of clan identification, which they are happy to use to the present day.
The cultural development of the Lowlands
The Lowlands south of the river Forth had been Brythonic Celtic, with the southeast coming under the Angles and Galloway and the western seaboard becoming Norse-Gaelic, then by 1034 the Kingdom of Alba had expanded to bring all but the last area under Gaelic Celtic rule. From the accession of King David I (1124), the traditional social patterns of much of eastern Scotland began to be altered, particularly with the growth of burghs and the settlement of French feudal families on royal demesne lands. This process was, of course, very slow, but its cumulative effect over many centuries was to undermine the integrity of Gaelic in the areas affected, areas which later became known collectively as the Lowlands, though to a large extent Galloway and Carrick, where Galwegian Gaelic survived into the 17th century, were not affected as much as elsewhere until very late.
However, many aristocratic Gaelic clans did in fact survive in form, especially in Galloway (e.g. MacDowall, MacLellan, MacCann ), Carrick (e.g. Kennedy) and Fife (e.g. MacDuff). The term clan was still being used of Lowland families at the end of the 16th century and, while aristocrats may have been increasingly likely to use the word family, the terms remained interchangeable until the 19th century.
By the late 18th century the Lowlands were integrated into the British system, with an uneasy relationship to the Highlanders. The total population of Lowlanders diminished drastically in some parts of the south as a direct result of the Agricultural Revolution which resulted in the Lowland Clearances, and the subsequent emigration of large numbers of Lowland Scots.
However, with the revival of interest in Gaeldom and the visit of King George IV to Scotland in 1822, there was a new enthusiasm amongst Lowlanders for re-identification with their Gaelic culture. As a result many Lowland families and aristocrats now appear on clan lists with their own tartans, in some cases with a claim to ancestry from the Highland area – encouraged, no doubt, by companies who market supposed coats-of-arms and heraldic devices, manufacturers of tartan cloth, and by the immense growth of Internet genealogical research, beginning in the last few years of the twentieth century. As a result, many Lowland/Border clans now have their own clan societies, websites and annual reunions.
Historically a clan was made up of everyone who lived on the chief's territory, or on territory of those who owed allegiance to the said chief. Through time, with the constant changes of "clan boundaries", migration or regime changes, clans would be made up of large numbers of members who were unrelated and who bore different surnames. Often those living on a chief's lands would over time adopt the clan surname. A chief could add to his clan by adopting other families, and also had the legal right to outlaw anyone from his clan, including members of his own family. Today, anyone who has the chief's surname is automatically considered to be a member of the chief's clan. Also, anyone who offers allegiance to a chief is considered a member of the chief's clan, unless the chief decides not to accept that person's allegiance. The only rule is that it is up to the chief who he or she may decide to accept as a member of his or her clan.
Clan membership goes through the surname. It does not pass through a married woman who has taken her husband's surname, and then on to her children. Children who take their father's surname are part of their father's clan and not their mothers. However, today it is common for people to claim clan membership through their mother's side of the family, anyone who offers allegiance to a particular clan chief is part of his or her clan (unless refused by the chief). Today many clans have lists of septs. Septs are surnames, families or clans which historically, currently or for whatever reason the chief chooses, are associated with that clan. There is no official list of clan septs, and the decision of what septs a clan has is left up to the clan itself. Confusingly many sept names are shared by many clans, and it may up to the individual to use his or her family history or genealogy to find the correct clan they are associated with.
Even though the Lord Lyon does not have jurisdiction over tartans, the Lord Lyon may record a specific tartan which a clan chief or commander wishes to use as an "official" tartan for their clan.
Originally there appears to have been no association of tartans with specific clans; instead, highland tartans were produced to various designs by local weavers and any identification was purely regional, but the idea of a clan-specific tartan gained currency in the late 18th century and in 1815 the Highland Society of London began the naming of clan-specific tartans. In fact, many of today's clan tartans are the work of a 19th-century forgery known as the Vestiarium Scoticum, but despite this, the designs are still highly regarded and they continue to serve their purpose to identify the clan in question.Crest badge A sign of allegiance to a certain clan chief is the wearing of a crest badge. The crest badge suitable for a clansman or clanswoman consists of the chief's heraldic crest encircled with a strap and buckle and which contains the chief's heraldic motto or slogan. Although it is common to speak of "clan crests" there is no such thing. In Scotland (and indeed all of UK) only individuals, not clans, possess a heraldic Coat of Arms. Even though any clansmen and clanswomen may purchase crest badges and wear them to show their allegiance to his or her clan the heraldic crest and motto always belong to the chief alone. In principle these badges should only be used with the permission of the clan chief and the Lyon Court has intervened in cases where permission has been withheld. Scottish crest badges, much like clan-specific tartans, do not have a long history, and owe much to Victorian era romanticism, having only been worn on the bonnet since the 19th century. The concept of a clan badge or form of identification may have some validity, as it is commonly stated that the original markers were merely specific plants worn in bonnets or hung from a pole or spear.Clan badge Clan badges, are another means of showing one's allegiance to a Scottish clan. These badges, sometimes called plant badges, consist of a sprig of a particular plant. They are usually worn in a bonnet behind the Scottish crest badge, they can also be attached at the shoulder of a lady's tartan sash, or be tied to a pole and used as a standard. Many clans which are connected historically or that occupied lands in the same general area, share the same clan badge. According to popular lore clan badges were used by Scottish clans as a form of identification in battle. However, many of the badges attributed to clans today are completely unsuitable for even modern clan gatherings. Clan badges are commonly referred to as the original clan symbol, however Thomas Innes of Learney claimed the heraldic flags of clan chief's would have been the earliest means of identifying Scottish clans in battle or at large gatherings.
This list of Clans contains clans registered with the Lord Lyon Court. The Lord Lyon Court defines a clan or family as a legally recognised group, but does not differentiate between Families and Clans as it recognises both terms as being interchangeable. Clans or families thought to have had a Chief in the past but not currently recognised by the Lord Lyon are listed at Armigerous clans.
|Agnew||Sir Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, 11th Bt.||Consilio non impetu||Lowland|
|Anstruther||Tobias Anstruther of that Ilk.||Periissem ni periissem||Lowland|
|Arbuthnott||John Campbell Arbuthnott, 16th Viscount of Arbuthnott||Laus Deo||Lowland|
|Arthur||John Alexander MacArthur of that Ilk.||Fide et opera||Highland|
|Bannerman||David Gordon Bannerman of Elsick, 15th Baronet||Pro Patria||Lowland|
|Barclay||Peter Barclay of Towie Barclay and of that Ilk||Aut agere aut mori||Lowland|
|Borthwick||John Hugh Borthwick of that Ilk, 24th Lord Borthwick||Qui conducit||Lowland|
|Boyd||Alastair Ivor Gilbert Boyd, 7th Baron Kilmarnock||Confido||Lowland|
|Boyle||Patrick Robin Archibald Boyle, 10th Earl of Glasgow||Dominus providebit||Lowland|
|Brodie||Alexander Brodie of Brodie||Unite||Lowland|
|Broun||Sir Wayne Broun of Coultson, Bt.||Floreat majestas||Lowland|
|Bruce||Andrew Douglas Alexander Thomas Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin||Fuimus||Lowland|
|Buchan||David Buchan of Auchmacoy||Non inferiora secutus||Lowland|
|Burnett||James Burnett of the Leys||Virescit vulnere virtus||Lowland|
|Cameron||Donald Angus Cameron of Lochiel||Aonaibh ri cheile||Highland|
|Campbell||Torquhil Ian Campbell, 13th Duke of Argyll||Ne obliviscaris||Highland|
|Carmichael||Richard Carmichael of Carmichael||Tout jour prest||Lowland|
|Carnegie||James George Alexander Bannerman Carnegie, 3rd Duke of Fife||Dred God||Lowland|
|Cathcart||Charles Alan Andrew Cathcart, 7th Earl Cathcart||I hope to speed||Lowland|
|Charteris||David Charteris, 12th Earl of Wemyss and 8th Earl of March||This is our charter||Lowland|
|Chattan||Malcolm K. MacKintosh of Clan Chattan||Touch not the catt but [without] a glove||Highland|
|Chisholm||Hamish Chisholm of Chisholm||Feros ferio||Lowland & Highland|
|Cochrane||Iain Alexander Douglas Blair Cochrane, 15th Earl of Dundonald||Virtute et labore||Lowland|
|Colquhoun||Sir Malcolm Rory Colquhoun of Luss, 9th Baronet||Si je puis||Highland|
|Colville||John Mark Alexander Colville, 4th Viscount Colville of Culross||Oublier ne puis||Lowland|
|Cranstoun||David Cranston of that Ilk and Corehouse||Thou shalt want ere I want||Lowland|
|Crichton||David Maitland Makgill Crichton of that Ilk||God send grace||Lowland|
|Cumming/Comyn||Sir Alexander Gordon Cumming of Altyre, 7th Bt.||Courage||Lowland|
|Darroch||Duncan Darroch of Gourock||Be watchfull||Lowland|
|Davidson||Alister Davidson of Davidston||Sapienter si sincere||Highland|
|Dewar||Michael Kenneth Dewar of that Ilk and Vogrie||Quid non pro patria||Lowland|
|Drummond||John Eric Drummond, 18th Earl of Perth||Virtutem coronat honos||Highland|
|Dunbar||Sir James Dunbar of Mochrum, 14th Bt.||In promptu||Lowland|
|Dundas||David Dundas of Dundas||Essayez||Lowland|
|Durie||Andrew Durie of Durie.||Confido||Lowland|
|Elliot||Margaret Eliott of Redheugh||Fortiter et recte, Soyez sage||Lowland|
|Elphinstone||The Rt. Hon. Lord Elphinstone||Cause causit||Lowland|
|Erskine||James Thorne Erskine, 14th Earl of Mar and 16th Earl of Kellie||Je pense plus||Lowland|
|Farquharson||Alwyne Farquharson of Invercauld||Fide et fortitudine||Highland|
|Fergusson||Sir Charles Fergusson of Kilkerran, 9th Bt.||Dulcius ex asperis||Lowland|
|Forbes||Nigel Ivan Forbes, 23rd Lord Forbes||Grace me guide or Gràs mo stiùir||Lowland|
|Forsyth||Alister Forsyth of that Ilk||Instaurator ruinae||Lowland|
|Fraser||Flora Marjory Fraser, Lady Saltoun (21st in line)||All my hope is in God||Lowland & Midland|
|Fraser of Lovat||Simon Fraser, 18th Lord Lovat||Je suis prest||Highland & Midland|
|Gayre||Reinold Gayre of Gayre and Nigg||Super astra spero||Highland|
|Gordon||Granville Charles Gomer Gordon, 13th Marquess of Huntly||Bydand||Midland & Highland|
|Graham||James Graham, 8th Duke of Montrose||Ne oublie||Midland & Highland|
|Grant||James Patrick Trevor Grant of Grant, 6th Baron Strathspey||Stand fast||Highland|
|Gregor||Sir Malcolm Gregor MacGregor of MacGregor, 7th Bart., 24th Chief of Clan Gregor||'S rioghal mo dhream||Highland|
|Grierson||Sir Michael Grierson of Lag, 12th Baronet of Lag & Rockhall, (deceased 24th March, 2008)||Hoc securior||Lowland|
|Guthrie||Alexander Guthrie of Guthrie||Sto pro veritate||Lowland|
|Haig||George Alexander Eugene Douglas Haig, 2nd Earl Haig||Tyde what may||Lowland|
|Haldane||Martin Haldane of Gleneagles||Suffer||Lowland|
|Hamilton||Angus Douglas Hamilton, 15th Duke of Hamilton||Through||Lowland & Highland|
|Hannay||David Hannay of Kirkdale and of that Ilk.||Per ardua ad alta||Lowland|
|Hay||Merlin Sereld Victor Gilbert Moncreiffe, 24th Earl of Erroll||Serva jugum||Lowland|
|Henderson||Alistair Donald Henderson of Fordell||Sola virtus nobilitat||Lowland & Highland|
|Home||David Douglas-Home, 15th Earl of Home||Nulli Secundus||Lowland|
|Hope||Sir John Hope of Craighall, Bt.||At spes infracta||Lowland|
|Hunter||Pauline Hunter of Hunterston||Cursum perficio||Lowland & Highland|
|Irvine||David Charles Irvine of Drum.||Sub sole sub umbra virens||Lowland|
|Jardine||Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegarth, 12th Baronet.||Cave adsum||Lowland|
|Johnstone||Patrick Andrew Wentworth Johnstone of Annandale and of that Ilk, 11th Earl of Annandale and Hartfell||Nunquam non paratus||Lowland|
|Keith||James William Falconer Keith, 14th Earl of Kintore||Veritas vincit||Highland & Lowland|
|Kennedy||Archibald Angus Charles Kennedy, 8th Marquess of Ailsa||Avise la fin||Lowland|
|Kerr||Michael Andrew Foster Jude Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian||Sero sed serio||Lowland|
|Kincaid||Arabella Kincaid of Kincaid||This I'll defend||Highland|
|Lamont||Peter N. Lamont of that Ilk||Ne parcas nec spernas||Highland|
|Leask||Anne Leask of Leask.||Virtute cresco||Lowland|
|Lennox||Edward J. H. Lennox of that Ilk and Woodhead||I'll defend||Lowland|
|Leslie||James Malcolm David Leslie, 22nd Earl of Rothes||Grip fast||Lowland|
|Lindsay||Robert Alexander Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford and 12th Earl of Balcarres||Endure fort||Lowland|
|Lockhart||Angus H. Lockhart of the Lee||Corda serrata pando||Lowland|
|Lumsden||Patrick Gillem Lumsden of that Ilk and Blanerne||Amor patitur moras||Lowland|
|Lyon||Michael Fergus Bowes-Lyon, 18th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne||In Te Domine Speravi||Lowland|
|MacAlister||William St J. S. MacAlester of Loup & Kennox||Fortiter||Highland|
|MacBain||James Hughston McBain of McBain||Touch not a catt bot a targe;||Highland|
|MacCallum||Robin N. L. Malcolm of Poltalloch||In ardua Tendit||Highland|
|MacDonald||Godfrey James Macdonald of Macdonald, 8th Baron Macdonald of Slate||Per mare per terras||Highland|
|MacDonald of Clan Ranald||Ranald Alexander MacDonald, Captain of Clanranald||My hope is constant in thee||Highland|
|MacDonald of Keppoch||Ranald Macdonald of Keppoch||Air muir 's tir||Highland|
|MacDonald of Sleat||Sir Ian Bosville MacDonald of Sleat, 17th Bt.||Per mare per terras||Highland|
|MacDonell of Glengarry||Aeneas Ranald MacDonnel of Glengarry||Creag an Fhitich||Highland|
|MacDougall||Morag Morley MacDougall of MacDougall||Buaidh no bas||Highland|
|MacDowall||Fergus D. H. McDowall of Garthland||Vincere vel mori||Lowland|
|MacIntyre||Donald R. MacIntyre of Glenoe||Per ardua||Highland|
|MacKay||Hugh William Mackay, 14th Lord Reay||Manu forti||Highland|
|MacKenzie||John Ruaridh Grant MacKenzie, 5th Earl of Cromartie||Luceo non uro||Highland|
|Mackinnon||Madam Anne Gunhild Mackinnon of Mackinnon, 38th Chief of the Name and Arms of Mackinnon.||Audentes fortuna juvat.||Highland|
|MacKintosh||John Lachaln Mackintosh of Mackintosh||Touch not the cat bot a glove||Highland|
|Maclachlan||Euan John Maclachlan of Maclachlan, Chief of Clan Maclachlan, 25th of Maclauchlan and Baron of Strathlachlan.||Fortis et fidus.||Highland|
|MacLaine of Lochbuie||Lorne MacLaine of Lochbuie||Vincere vel mori||Highland|
|MacLaren||Donald MacLaren of MacLaren and Achleskine||Creag an Tuirc||Highland|
|MacLea or Livingstone||Niall Livingstone of Bachuil, Baron of the Bachuil||Cnoc Aingeil||Highland|
|MacLean||Hon Sir Lachlan Maclean of Duart and Morvern, 12th Bt.||Virtue mine honour||Highland|
|MacLennan||Ruairidh MacLennan of MacLennan||Dum spiro spero||Highland|
|MacLeod||Hugh Magnus MacLeod of Macleod, 30th Chief of Clan MacLeod||Hold fast||Highland|
|MacLeod of Lewis||Torquil MacLeod of the Lewes||I birn quil I se||Highland|
|MacMillan||George MacMillan of Macmillan and Knap||Miseris succurrere disco||Highland|
|MacNab||James Charles Macnab of Macnab||Timor omnis abesto (Let fear be far from all)||Highland|
|Macnaghten||Sir Patrick Macnaghten of Macnaghten and Dundarave, 11th Bt.||I hope in God||Highland|
|MacNeacail||John MacNeacail of MacNeacail and Scorrybreac, Chief of the Highland Clan MacNeacail.||Scorrybreac.||Highland|
|MacNeil of Barra||Ian R. MacNeil of Barra||Vincere vel mori||Highland|
|Macpherson||Sir William Macpherson of Cluny and Blairgowrie||Touch not a cat bot a glove||Highland|
|MacTavish||Steven Edward Dugald MacTavish of Dunardry||Non oblitus||Highland|
|MacThomas||Andrew P. C. MacThomas of Finegand||Deo juvante invidiam superabo||Highland|
|Maitland||Patrick Francis Maitland, 17th Earl of Lauderdale||Consilio et animis||Lowland|
|Makgill||Ian Arthur Alexander Makgill, 14th Viscount of Oxfuird||Sine fine||Lowland|
|Malcolm (MacCallum)||Robin N. L. Malcolm of Poltalloch||In ardua Tendit||Highland|
|Mar||Margaret of Mar, 30th Countess of Mar||Pans Plus||Lowland|
|Marjoribanks||Andrew George Marjoribanks of that Ilk||Et custos et pugnax||Lowland|
|Matheson||Fergus John Matheson of Matheson, 7th Barronet.||Fac et spera||Highland|
|Menzies||David R.S. Menzies of Menzies||Vill God I Zall||Highland|
|Moffat||Jean Moffat of that Ilk||Spero meliora||Lowland|
|Moncreiffe||The Hon. Peregrine D.E.M. Moncrieffe of that Ilk||Sur esperance||Highland|
|Montgomery||Archibald George Montgomerie, 18th Earl of Eglinton and 6th Earl of Winton||Gardez bien||Lowland|
|Morrison||Iain M. Morrison of Ruchdi||Teaghlach Phabbay||Highland|
|Munro||Hector W. Munro of Foulis||Dread God||Highland|
|Murray||John Murray, 11th Duke of Atholl||Firth, Fortune, and Fill the Fetters||Highland|
|Napier||The Rt. Hon. Lord Napier and Ettrick||Sans tache||Lowland|
|Nesbitt||Mark Nesbitt of that Ilk||I byd it||Lowland|
|Nicolson||David Henry Arthur Nicolson of that Ilk, 4th Baron Carnock||Generositate||Lowland|
|Ogilvy||David George Patrick Coke Ogilvy, 8th Earl of Airlie||A fin||Highland|
|Oliphant||Richard Oliphant of that Ilk||A tout pouvoir||Highland|
|Primrose||Neil Primrose, 7th Earl of Rosebery||Fide et fiducia||Lowland|
|Ramsay||James Hubert Ramsay, 17th Earl of Dalhousie||Ora et labora||Lowland|
|Rattray||Lachlan Rattray of Rattray||Super sidera votum||Highland|
|Riddell||Sir John Riddell of that Ilk, Bt.||I hope to share||Lowland|
|Robertson||Gilbert Robertson of Struan||Virtutis gloria merces||Highland|
|Rollo||David Eric Howard Rollo, 14th Lord Rollo||La fortune passe partout||Lowland|
|Rose||Anna Elizabeth Guillemard Rose of Kilravock||Constant and true||Highland|
|Ross||David Campbell Ross of Ross and Balnagowan||Spem successus alit||Highland|
|Ruthven||Alexander Patrick Greysteil Ruthven, 2nd Earl of Gowrie||Deid schaw||Lowland|
|Sandilands||The Rt. Hon. the Lord Torphichen||Spero Meliora||Lowland|
|Scott||Richard Walter John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch 12th Duke of Queensberry||Amo||Lowland|
|Scrymgeour||Alexander Henry Scrymgeour of Dundee, 12th Earl of Dundee||Dissipate||Highland|
|Sempill||James William Stuart Whitmore Sempill, 21st Lord Sempill||Keep tryst||Lowland|
|Shaw||John Shaw of Tordarroch||Fide et fortitudine||Highland|
|Sinclair||Malcolm Ian Sinclair, 20th Earl of Caithness||Commit thy work to God||Highland|
|Skene||Danus Skene of Skene||Virtutis regia merces||Lowland|
|Spens||Patrick Spens, 4th Baron Spens||Si deus quis contra||Lowland|
|Stirling||Francis John Stirling of Cader||Gang forward||Lowland|
|Strange||Timothy Strange of Balcaskie||Dulce quod utile||Lowland|
|Stuart of Bute||The Most Hon. the Marquess of Bute||Virescit vulnere virtus||Highland|
|Sutherland||Elizabeth Millicent, Countess of Sutherland, 24th in line||Sans peur||Highland|
|Swinton||John Walter Swinton of that Ilk||J'espere||Lowland|
|Trotter||Alexander Trotter of Mortonhall||In promptu||Lowland|
|Urquhart||Kenneth Trist Urquhart of Urquhart||Meane weil speak weil and doe weil||Highland|
|Wallace||Ian Francis Wallace of that Ilk||Pro libertate||Lowland|
|Wedderburn||Henry David Wedderburn of that Ilk, Lord Scrymgeour, Master of Dundee||Non degener||Lowland|
|Wemyss||David Wemyss of that Ilk||Je pense||Lowland|