Definitions

ask in

Ask, Hordaland

Ask is a village in the eastern part of Askøy municipality, Hordaland county, Norway. Ask is well known for raising strawberries, which are sold in the market place at Bergen during the summer season.

Due to its pleasant climate and its location on an island convenient to Bergen, Ask was the location of a kongsgård (i.e., royal farm – the Norwegian equivalent of a palace) and an extremely old church and churchyard was also located in Ask. The former location of the church (from ~1200 until 1741) is today marked by a stone cross. Ask is the saga location for a famous dispute over inheritance between Egill Skallagrímsson and Berg-Önundr.

The local dialect of the village also reflects the continuing close tie to Bergen, with the dialect being more similar to that of Bergen than that of the rest of Askøy; the connection was reinforced into modern times as the wealthy merchants and other residents of Bergen summered there.

Ask has had famous residents up to recent times. Fridtjof Nansen lived in a house near Kongshaugen in a short period. Amalie Skram lived at Lien at Ask, near Ask Dambruk, from 1876 to 1878, in the same house where the headmaster, Nils Peder Åland, lived for 40 years.

Older history

The legendary Scandinavian hero and skald whose adventures are retold in Gesta Danorum and in the legendary sagas, Starkad, as well as Egil Skallagrimson of historic saga fame and the last Catholic Archbishop in Norway, Olav Engelbrektsson, Archbishop of Nidaros, have connections to Ask.

The sagas mention Ask as easly as the 6th century. King Hertjov of Hordaland traveled to Agder and took with him two boys named Stakard and Vikar. As was common in the period, he asked Grane, who held the land (farm) of Ask to raise these boys. As they grew, they became great hunters and warriors. As warriors, the boys revenged attacks on Ask by vikings from Hordaland, who had robbed villages in Agder. Ask became their new home until Vikar was killed by an accident. After this, Stakard had to leave the country. He was known in Denmark and Sweden.

Egils saga tells that in the 9th century, Torgeir Tyrnefot owned Ask. His son was Berg Onund. Berg Onund was killed in an attack led by Egil Skallagrimson, one of the most powerful men on Iceland. As revenge for a miscarriage in inheritance in around 960, Egil travel with his men through Herdlafjorden and to Ask, where they arrive at the farm, killing 15 or 16 men and pillaging.

The fist church in Askøy was most probably built at the pagan sacrifice mountain located at Ask.

Archbishop Olav Engelbrektsson was the last bishop in Norway. His final residence was in Bergen and as the reformation spread throughout Norway in 1534, he took refuge at Ask.

Mauritz Bostede bought Ask in 1628. Other well-known men from Bergen have also owned Ask for extended periods. Thomas Ericssen built a large house in the area and Thomas Ericssen Minde from 1795 is the only building at Askøy from that peirod that is preserved today.

Later history

Since Ask is located only four kilometers northwest of Bergen, around 1880/1890 saw a resurgence in Ask as Ask became a popular destination from Bergen. As a result there were increases in commercial cargo and passenger transport by steamboat The "Fridtjof" was one of the boats that went into between Ask and Bergen.

When the road to Kleppestø was constructed around 1950, the traffic at the Ask harbour decreased.

The writer, Amalie Skram's first husband, Captain Bernt Ulrik August Müller, bought a watermill in the area and they lived there for some years.

Emanuel Jæger started commercial strawberry production. He sent his strawberries to Fleischer's Hotel at Voss. The strawberries were of the German type "Sieger" (victory) and these was very popular throughout the area in the last century.

Geography

Ask is located on the eastern part of the island of Askøy. The Herdlafjord is located to the east of the village and the Nordhordland bridge is visible from the village. The lake Askevatnet and extensive forests are located in the area west of Ask.

Cultural arrangements

On May Day each year, the Ask-relay is held. In 2006 the relay celebrated its 54th running.

References and notes

This article includes extensive translations from the Norwegian Wikipedia article on the same subject (see interwiki).

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