Arusha, city (1994 est. pop. 140,000), capital of Arusha prov., NE Tanzania. It is an industrial and administrative center, connected by rail with Tanga on the Indian Ocean and with Kenya. Manufactures include textiles, beverages, processed foods, plastics, and electronic equipment. The city was the headquarters of the East African Community (founded 1967) until it was disbanded in 1977; the secretariat of the East African Co-operation, which evolved into a new East African Community by 2000, was established there in 1996. In Jan., 1967, President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania issued the influential Arusha Declaration, which called for socialism, hard work, and self-reliance in Tanzania. Arusha is the site of an institute devoted to research in tropical pesticides.

This article refers to the city of Arusha. For other uses, see Arusha (disambiguation).

Arusha is a city of northern Tanzania surrounded by some of Africa's most famous landscapes and national parks. Beautifully situated below Mount Meru on the eastern edge of the eastern branch of the Great Rift Valley, it has a pleasant climate and is close to Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, Lake Manyara, Olduvai Gorge, Tarangire National Park, and Mount Kilimanjaro, as well as having its own Arusha National Park on Mount Meru. Arusha is the capital of the Arusha Region and has a population of 270,485 (2002 census).

Geography and climate

Despite its proximity to the equator, Arusha's elevation of 1400 m on the southern slopes of Mount Meru keeps temperatures down and alleviates humidity. Cool dry air is prevalent for much of the year. The temperature ranges between 13 and 30 degrees Celsius with an average around 25 degrees. It has distinct wet and dry seasons, and experiences an eastern prevailing wind from the Indian Ocean, a couple of hundred miles east.

Arusha is considered to be one of the best African cities when it comes to great weather and tourism combined.

Almost within the entire city; if you go north you will be going up hill, and going south is always down hill.

Modern history

Official documents ceding independence to Tanzania were signed by the United Kingdom at Arusha in 1961.

The Arusha Declarations for Self Reliance in Tanzania were signed in 1967 in Arusha.

The Arusha Accords were signed at Arusha on August 4, 1993, by representatives of competing factions in the Rwandan civil war.

In 1994 the UN security council decided by its Resolution 955 of 8 November 1994 that Arusha should host the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. The establishment of the tribunal with its employees has influenced the local economy of Arusha. The tribunal is expected to end most of its operations in 2008.

Arusha officially became a city on 1st July 2006 (Source: Arusha Times .

Industry and economy

The primary industry of the region is agriculture, with large vegetable and flower producers sending high-quality produce to Europe. Small-scale agriculture was badly hit by the coffee crisis of recent years and is now largely subsistence farming. Arusha has several factories including a brewery, tyre and fibreboard plant, and a large pharmaceuticals maker.

Arusha is the sole source of a gem-quality mineral called Tanzanite , currently produced in large quantities by corporate mining concerns.

Tourism is also a major contributor to the economy in Arusha, being the second largest contributor of income in Tanzania. Given the town's location near popular attractions such as Mount Kilimanjaro, Serengeti National Park, and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Arusha has become a popular staging point for tourists visiting Tanzania for photo safaris and hiking treks to Mt. Kilimanjaro. Many documentary and feature-length films have been set in and around Arusha, including the 1962 Howard Hawks film Hatari with John Wayne.

East African Community
Arusha is home to the offices of the East African Community, and plays host to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, all of which contributes to the local economy.


Among Arusha's notable districts are the Central Business Area, located by the Clocktower, Sekei in the North-West which is largely residential with a vibrant nightlife, Njiro, a rapidly-growing suburb in the South, and Tengeru, a lively market-town in the East.

North of Arusha is a small village called Longido. It is about 90 minutes north of Arusha by daladala.


Arusha is mostly served by Kilimanjaro International Airport for international travellers, some east, approximately halfway to Moshi. The airport provides international and domestic flights. Arusha Airport is a smaller domestic airport in the west of the city, currently undergoing expansion. It serves more than 87,000 passengers yearly, amazingly for its size. It is surrounded by a beautiful drape of hills and lush savanna. There are no passenger train services to or from Arusha, but there are regular coaches (buses) to Nairobi, Dodoma and Dar Es Salaam, plus other local towns.


Arusha is reputed as being one of the most pleasant cities in the world, due its exquisite weather, location, beautiful countryside and lively music scene. Tanzanian hip-hop is currently popular with the youth market. It is mostly performed in Swahili, with various genres influenced by African American music, locally known as Bongo Flava. A good example of this genre is the band, X Plastaz, singers like Bushoke, Mr. Blue, TID etc..

Arusha is home to many of Tanzania's festivals, and the yearly fiesta is hosted by a few Tanzanian corporate sponsors that attract various artists from around the world. Artists like Shaggy and Ja rule are just a few of one of the world's most popular artists to perform in the wondrous city of Arusha.

Arusha also hosts the annual Arusha Nane Nane Agricultural show. Nane Nane is one of the many vibrant public holidays in Tanzania, held on August 8th (the 8th of the 8th month, nane nane means "eight eight" in Swahili). Nane Nane is marked on August 8th every year where farmers and other stakeholders exchange knowledge and business. It attracts up to a half million people every year.

Arusha is also known for its vibrant night life, with outstanding local night clubs like, Colobus Club and the Blue Triple 'A'.


There are three international schools in and around Arusha: Arusha International school, International School Moshi Arusha Campus, Braeburn School, and St Constantine's International School The School of St Jude provides free education to children from the poorest families.


Arusha is Tanzania's rugby home with the national team playing its international matches there. Southern Pool A of the 2007 Castel Beer Trophy was hosted here too. Furthermore, Arcadia University offers Undergraduate summer programs in Tanzania, as well as Graduate programs to study at the Nyerere Centre for Peace Research.

Arusha FC, playing in Sheikh Amri Abeid Memorial Stadium, represents the city in Tanzanian league football.

Sister cities


  • Arusha is also the Hindi name for the rising sun.
  • Arusha's clock tower is supposedly situated at the midpoint between Cairo and Cape Town, therefore representing the halfway point between the two termini of the old British Empire in Africa. The clock tower is currently adorned by the logo of the Coca-Cola Company.
  • Arusha was the setting for the 1962 film Hatari! directed by Howard Hawks and starring John Wayne.
  • A slang name for the city among locals is "A-Town".
  • Princess Margaret visited Arusha in 1956
  • In the video game Halo 3, a highway sign is seen that says "Arusha", though it is crossed out, suggesting that the city was destroyed by the Covenant or The Flood

See also

External links


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