Definitions

arundo richardii

Arundo

Arundo is a genus of two or three species of stout, perennial grasses from the family Poaceae, native to the Mediterranean region east to India, China and Japan. They grow to 3-6 m tall, occasionally to 10 m, with leaves 30-60 cm long and 3-6 cm broad.Species

It has been suggested that Arundo donax is rich in tryptamine { }. Almost all the published reports have located the alkaloids in the flower or the roots of the reed { }. The blossoms have dimethyltryptamine and the 5-methoxylated N-demethylated analogue, 5-MeO-NMT. The roots contain the mentioned active tryptamines, but also contain bufotenine. The quaternary methylated salt of DMT is found in the blossoms, and bufotenidine and the cyclic dehydrobufotenidine are in the roots.

References

Douce, R. 1994. The biological pollution of Arundo donax in river estuaries and beaches. Pp. 11-13 In: Jackson, N.E. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
Dudley, T. and B. Collins. 1995. Biological invasions in California wetlands: the impacts and control of non-indigenous species in natural areas. Pacific Institute for SIDES, Oakland, CA.
Frandsen,. P. 1994. Team Arundo: a model for inter-agency cooperation. Pp. 35-40 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
Frandsen, P. and N. Jackson. 1994. The impact of Arundo donax on flood control and endangered species. Pp. 13-16 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
Hoshovsky, M. 1988. Element stewardship abstract: Arundo donax. The Nature Conservancy, San Francisco, CA.
Iverson, M. Pp19-26 In: Jackson, N.E. et al. Arundo donax workshop.
Scott, G.D. 1994. Fire threat from Arundo donax. Pp. 17-18 In: Jackson, N. et al. Arundo donax workshop.

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