Definitions

artocarpus odoratissima

List of Bohol flora and fauna

The Philippines supports a rich and varied flora with close botanical connections to Indonesia and mainland Southeast Asia. Forests cover almost one-half of the land area and are typically tropical, with the dominant family, Dipterocarpaceae, representing 75% of the stands. The forest also has vines, epiphytes, and climbers. Open grasslands, ranging up to 2.4 m (8 ft) in height, occupy one-fourth of the land area; they are man- made, the aftermath of the slash-and-burn agricultural system, and most contain tropical savanna grasses that are nonnutritious and difficult to eradicate. The diverse flora includes 8,000 species of flowering plants, 1,000 kinds of ferns, and 800 species of orchids.

Seventy to eighty percent of non-flying mammals in the Philippines are found nowhere else in the world. Common mammals include the wild hog, deer, wild carabao, monkey, civet cat, and various rodents. There are about 196 breeding species of birds, among the more numerous being the megapodes (turkey-like wildfowl), button quail, jungle fowl, peacock pheasant, dove, pigeon, parrot, and hornbill. Reptilian life is represented by 190 species; there are crocodiles and the larger snakes include the python and several varieties of cobra.

The fauna on Bohol is almost identical to that on Mindanao, Samar, and Leyte, but not that on nearby Negros. Scientists believe that the floral and faunal biodiversity unique to the Philippines is caused by the Ice Age. They also believe that the country has the most severely endangered plant and animal communities on earth.

Bohol is an island province in the Philippines and its 10th largest island. It is located in the Central Visayas region and has a population of 1,137,000 (2000 census) with an area of 4,117.3 km. This is a list of the most common species and varieties of flora and fauna specific to the province of Bohol in the Philippines, endemic or otherwise.

List of Bohol Flora

Hardwood and other tree species

  1. abihíd
  2. Acacia - Rain tree;Samanea saman Merr.; Other scientific names: Mimosa saman Jacq.; Inga saman Willd.; Pithecolobium saman Benth.; Enterolobium saman Prain
  3. almáciga - Agathis philippinensis
  4. bagakay
  5. Bagalñga (C. Bis.) - Lygodium japonicum; Paraiso
  6. bago
  7. balete - Indian rubber tree; Ficus elastica
  8. bánaba - Lagerstroemia speciosa; Queen's Flower or Crepe Myrtle and the Pride of India;
  9. bangkaw - Nauclea junghuhnii; bangkal Other scientific names: Sarcocephalus horsfeldii; Sarcocephalus junghuhnii
  10. Batinô - Alstonia macrophylla
  11. bitaóg - Calophyllkum blancoi; Calophyllum wallichianum Vidal
  12. bujangjang - Prayer beads; Arbus precatorius Linn.; saga
  13. bulí - Corypha elata Roxb.; buri
  14. kawayan - Bambusa spinosa; Bambusa vulgaris
  15. dapdap - Erythrina variegata Linn. var. orientalis (Linn.); Indian coal tree
  16. Date palm - Palmae
  17. dorol - also called doldol; kapok (Tag.) ; Ceiba pentandra
  18. Eucalyptus - Eucalyptus globulus
  19. Gemilina - Gmelina arborea
  20. Ipil-ipil - Leucaena glauca Linn.
  21. lauaan - Diptecarpus thurifer
  22. lubí - niyógCoconut - Cocos nucifera
  23. madre de cacao - kakawate; Gliricidia sepium
  24. mahogany - Philippine Mahogany; Swietenia mahagoni (Meliaceae)
  25. mangga - Mango; Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae); Bohol mangga
  26. mangrove- Rhizopora mangle; red mangrove; pagatpat; manggal
  27. mangrove - Avicennia nitida; black mangrove
  28. mangrove - Sonneratia
  29. mangrove -Brugiera; red mangrove
  30. mangrove - bakhawan babae; bakhawan lalake
  31. mangrove - piyapî
  32. mangrove - piyag-aw; bigî or tabigi; Xylocarpus moluccensis
  33. mangrove - Bigî (Tagb.); Xylocarpus granatum
  34. maribojoc - agoho; Casuarina equisitofolia
  35. molave - Vitex parviflora; tugás
  36. narra - Philippine cedar; Pterocarpus indicus; Pterocarpus santalinus
  37. Neem tree - Azadirachta indica
  38. ninô or linô - Indian mulberry; Morinda citrifolia; apatot (noni juice)
  39. nipâ - Nypa fruticans; nipâ palm
  40. nitô - Lygodium japonicum
  41. oliva - olive; Cycas revoluta
  42. pitogo - Cycas
  43. papuwá - annato; Bixa orellana Linn.; suetes; "atsuete
  44. rattan - Calamus
  45. Rubber Tree - Hevea brasiliensis (Euphorbiaceae)
  46. teak - Philippine teak; Tectona philippinensis
  47. tipó - Antipolo; Artocarpus blancoi Merr.
  48. talisay - Terminalia catappa; almond
  49. yakál - Dipterocarpus plagutus

Note: very highly regulated species in the Philippines: lauaan, narra, Philippine mahogany

Fruit Trees/Plants

  1. alibangbang - Bauhinia malabarica; butterfly-shaped leaves from a tree used for souring
  2. atis- Annona squamosa L.; sweetsop, sugar apple or custard apple
  3. atis - sugar apple; Annona squamosa Linn.; anonas
  4. Avocado - Persea americana; avocado
  5. balingbing - Star fruit; Averrhoa carambola Linn.; also Averrhoa pentandra Blanco
  6. batuan - Garcinia morella, a small sour green fruit with a large seed
  7. bayabas - Guava; Psidium guajava
  8. boongon - pomelo; Citrus maxima
  9. bugnay - Antidesma bunius Linn.; bignay
  10. cacao - Theobroma cacao
  11. kapeng barako - Philippine coffee; Coffea arabica; Coffea canephora or C. robusta
  12. kaimito - caimito; Chrysophyllum caninito Linn.; star apple
  13. chico - Achras sapota Linn.; Sapota achras Mill.; Sapota zapotilla Coville
  14. chico- Manilkara zapote, a brown sweet fruit with black seeds
  15. Chinese holly - Ilex cornuta
  16. Curcuma domestica, turmeric
  17. dayáp - Citrus aurantifolia, lime
  18. duhat - Syzygium cumini, Java plum
  19. durian - Durio zybethinus
  20. granada - Punica granatum; Pomegranate
  21. guyabano - Soursop; Annona muricata Linnaeus or A. muricata L. (Annonaceae); guyabano
  22. ibâ - Averrhoa bilimbi; kamias
  23. joló; koló - bread fruit ; Artocarpus altilis
  24. kamátsile - Pithecellobium dulce, kamachille, Madras thorn fruit
  25. kapayas or kapajas - Papaya; Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae)
  26. kasúy - Anacardium occidentale, cashew
  27. lanzones - Lansium domesticum
  28. lemoncito - Citrus microcarpa; kalamansi
  29. lemoncito - Citrus madurensis, a small lime indigenous to the Philippines; also called Chinese orange, Panama orange
  30. linga - Sesamum indicum
  31. lomboy - Black plum; Syzgium cumini; duhat in Tagalog
  32. macopa - Syzygium samarangense
  33. mangga - mango ; Mangifera indica (carabao, pajo)
  34. manzanitas - datiles; ratiles; Muntingia calabura; a little cherry-like wild fruit
  35. marang - Artocarpus odoratissima
  36. nangkâ - Jackfruit; Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.; langkâ
  37. orange - Citrus aurantium; local orange; dalandan in Tagalog
  38. orange - Mandarin orange; Citrus reticulata
  39. orange - tangerine orange; Citrus nobilis ;dalandan
  40. orange -local lemon or lime - Citrus; dayap in Tagalog
  41. orange - Citrus medica
  42. passion fruit - Passiflora incarnata
  43. pili nut - Canarium ovatum
  44. pinya or pinja - Pineapple; Ananas comosus
  45. saging tundan - Banana; Musa; (Musaceae)
  46. Saging sab-a - Banana variety; Musa (Musaceae)
  47. Saging cavendish; Banana variety; Musa (Musaceae)
  48. Saging senyorita; Banana variety; Musa (Musaceae)
  49. Saging morado
  50. sambag - Tamarindus indicus; tamarind; sampalok
  51. Santol - Sandoricum koetjape Merr.
  52. siriguelas; sineguelas in Visayan or sigarilyas in Tagalog Spondias sp
  53. suwâ-suwâ - Triphasia trifolia P. Wils.
  54. tambis - Syzygium malaccense; Malay Apple; Tersana Rose Apple
  55. tisâ
  56. Tree fern -Cyathea spp.
  57. watermelon - Curcubita citrullus Linn.; also Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.; pakwan

Vegetables

  1. ahos - Garlic; Allium sativum; bawang
  2. Alugbati - Malabar nightshade; Basilia rubra Linn.
  3. batong - string beans; Bataw; Dolichos labiab Linn.
  4. carrot - karot; Daucus carota L.
  5. kabasâ - kalabasâ; squash; Cucurbita maxima Duchesne; Curcubita sulcata Blanco
  6. kamatis - Tomato; Solanum lycopersicum or Lycopersicum esculentum
  7. kamunggaymalunggay; Moringa oleifera
  8. katuray - Sesbania grandiflora, a white flower used in salads
  9. kinstsay - Apium graveolens, Chinese celery
  10. kolis - Pisonia alba, lettuce tree, also called maluko in Tagalog
  11. kulitis - Amaranthus viridis, slender amaranth
  12. kundol - Benicasa hispida; wax gourd
  13. kutsay - Allium odorum; Chinese chives
  14. Lagundî; Vitex negundo
  15. laurel - Antidesma bunius; Chinese laurel
  16. luy-a - ginger; Zingiber officinale; luya
  17. munggos - munggo; Phaseolus aureus; green mung bean
  18. mustasa - Brassica juncea v. integrifola; mustard greens
  19. okra - Abelmoschus escuclentus Linn.; also Hibiscus esculentis Linn.
  20. pandan -Pandanus odoratissimus; screw pine
  21. paliyá or palijá - Bitter melon; Momordica charantia; Ampalaya
  22. patola - Luffa cylindrica; sponge gourd
  23. patola - Luffa acutangula; Loofah
  24. pechay - Brassica chinesis; pakchoy; bokchoy
  25. pipino - cucumber; Cucumis sativus
  26. pipino - Cucumber; zuchinni; Cucurbita pepo
  27. radish; Raphanus
  28. repolyo - cabbage; Brassica oleracea
  29. saluyot - Corchorus olitorius; Jew's mallow
  30. sayote - Sechium edule; chayote; mirliton pear
  31. sibuyas bombay - Onion; Allium cepa
  32. sibuyas dahon - Allium sativum
  33. sili - Capsicum annuum; chili
  34. sili'ng kulikot - Capsicum frutescens; siling labuyo; Cayenne
  35. sili- pepper; Solanum capsicum (Solanaceae)
  36. singkamas - Pachyrhizus erosus; yambean
  37. tangkong or kangkong; Ipomoea aquatica; swamp cabbage, potato vine
  38. tawong or talong; eggplant - Solanum melongena
  39. Ocimum sanctum - holy basil
  40. upo - Lagenaria leucantha; bottle gourd
  41. Corindrium sativum - coriander leaf

Flowering plants

  1. adelfa - Oleander; South sea rose; Nerium indicum Mill.; Neroum oleander Blanco; Nerium odorum Soland.
  2. alas kuwatro
  3. antuwanga - Gumamela; Hibiscus; China Rose; Shoeflower; Hibiscus rosa sinensis
  4. Asparagus (genus) - Green fern, for bouquets; Asparagus plumosus
  5. Aster
  6. bahug-bahug - Vernonia cinerea; bulak-manok; Billy Goat Weed
  7. banaba - Lagerstroemia speciosa
  8. bangka-bangkaan - Rhoeo discolor
  9. Bird of Paradise (plant) - Strelitzia reginae
  10. bombil - bougainvillea; Bougainvillea
  11. Bromeliad
  12. bunga - Areca nut; Areca catechu; Areca alba (lubi lubi)
  13. caballero - peacock flower; Caesalpinia pulcherrima Linn.; bulaklak ng paraiso
  14. ComfreySymphytum officinale L (tambal sa nuka)
  15. cosmos - Cosmos (genus)
  16. cosmos (bahô) - Tagetes erecta
  17. Chrysanthemum - Chrysanthemum sinense; manzanilla
  18. Daisy
  19. Dancing lady
  20. Dandelion- Taraxacum officinale Weber; Leontodon taraxacum Linn.; Taraxacum dens-leonis Desf.
  21. Dendrobium
  22. duranta - "Duranta repens Linn."; golden duranta
  23. Ginseng
  24. Ground orchids
  25. ilang ilang - also known as Ylang-ylang; Cananga odorata
  26. Japanese rose - Rosa rugosa
  27. kalachuchi - frangipani; Plumeria; Plumiera rubra
  28. kataká-taká - Kalanchoe pinnata (synonym: Bryophyllum pinnatum)
  29. kalanchoe - Kalanchoe sp.
  30. kamantigi - mantigi; Touch me not; Impatiens balsamina
  31. kutsaritas - Althernanthera sp.; (Amaranthaceae)
  32. kulitis - Amaranthus spinosus; uray
  33. kumintang - also tsitsirika; rosy periwinkle; Catharanthus roseus
  34. lirio - Crinum latifolim Linn.
  35. Maiden’s hair plant - Chlorodesmis sp.
  36. Marigold - Calendula
  37. mayana or majanaColeus sp.; Coleus blumei
  38. Million flower
  39. pamintâ - Piper nigrum; black pepper
  40. pandong pandong - Celosia cristata Linn.; cock's comb
  41. Paragayo - san francisco
  42. Poinsettia - Euphorbia pulcherrima
  43. quiapo - kiapo; water cabbage; Pistia stratiotes
  44. rosál - Gardenia jasminioides; Gardenia
  45. rose - Rose; Genus: Rosa
  46. sabilaAloe vera
  47. sagisi - Anahaw
  48. sagusahis – used as sandpaper for desks
  49. sampaguita - Jasmine; Jasminum sambac Linn.
  50. santal ?
  51. santanIxora sp.
  52. sunflower - Helianthus annuus
  53. tsampaka - Michelia champaca
  54. Verbena - Verbena officinalis
  55. violeta - bayolota; violets; Viola odorata L.
  56. waling-waling- Vanda
  57. yellow bell - kampanilya; Allamanda cathartica

Bohol endemic species

  1. Arygyreia boholensis (Convolvulaceae)
  2. Blumea stenophylla (Labiatae)
  3. Dendrocalamus sp.- large bamboos; kawayan
  4. Dischidias (Asclepiadaceae)
  5. Hoyas
  6. Imperata cylindrica
  7. Ixora littoralis (Rubiaceae)
  8. Macrosolena mcgregorii (Loranthaceae)
  9. Saccharum spontaneum
  10. Several Compositae
  11. lukdo - ferns

Source:

Grasses/Herbs/Weeds

  1. abacá - Musa textilis; Manila Hemp
  2. acapulco - Cassia alata
  3. amor seco - Love grass; Andropogon aciculatus
  4. Bahô-bahô- Utot-utot; koronitas; kantutay; Lantana camara
  5. bilâ bilâ - Eleusine indica L.; dog's tail; wire grass
  6. bugáng - talahib; Saccharum spontaneum
  7. butones butones - Cyperus rotundus
  8. cogon - kogon; Imperata cylindrica
  9. Euphorbia hirta Linn.
  10. fern 1 - Athyrium esculentum; pako
  11. fern 2 - bird's nest fern; Asplenium nidus Linn.
  12. fern 3 - Drynaria quercifolia Linn.
  13. Gulasiman - Portulaca olearacea (Linn.); Purslane
  14. Hibî-hibîmakahiya; Mimosa pudica
  15. humay - rice; Oryza sativa; palay
  16. Kana (Bis.) - Cardiospermum halicacabum; Heart Pea; Balloon Vine
  17. Kanding-kanding - Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
  18. maís - corn
  19. Oregano - Origanum vulgare; Wild Marjoram, Mountain Mint, Origanum, Wintersweet and Winter Marjoram
  20. oregano - Coleus aromaticus Benth.
  21. peppermint - Clinopodium douglasii
  22. Quisqualis indica - Chinese honeysuckle; "niyog-niyogan"
  23. sábila - Aloe Vera; Aloe barbadensis Miller Liquid
  24. Sambong- Blumea camphora ; Blumea balsamifera L.
  25. sinaw sinaw or sida sida - Ulasimang Bato; Peperomia pellucida; pansit-pansitan
  26. tangad - lemon grass; Andropogon citratus ; tanglad; Cymbopogon
  27. tawá tawá - Euphorbia hirta; boto-botonis; gatas-gatas
  28. tubó - sugar cane; Saccharum
  29. Tubá-tubá - Jatropha curcas; also known as Tubang Bakod in Tagalog; Physic Nut in English or interchangeably tubá-tubá or Jatropha (Tuba-Tuba Plant Seeds (Jatropha) to Bio-diesel Fuel)
  30. Wild Tea - Ehretia microphylla Lam; Tsaang Gubat
  31. Yerba Buena - Mentha spicata

Root crops

  1. apale
  2. balanghoy - Cassava; Manihot esculenta Crantz; kamoteng kahoy
  3. camote - Sweet potatoes; Ipomoea batatas
  4. gabi - taro; Colocasia esculenta Linn.
  5. patatas - potatoes; Solanum tuberosum
  6. singkamas - Pachyrrhizus erosus Linn.
  7. Ube kinampay - purple yam; Dioscorea alata
  8. Ube- yam; Dioscorea alata
  9. other cash crops

Seaweeds

  1. Acetabularia
  2. ambáng
  3. Chlorella
  4. Codium fragile
  5. eelgrasses - seagrasses; thalasia
  6. guaman - Gracilaria compressa
  7. gusô - Eucheuma spinosum
  8. kelp - Macrocystis
  9. Laminaria
  10. latôCaulerpa racemosa
  11. Laurencia
  12. lukót
  13. Porphyra
  14. SamôSargassum
  15. Ulothrix
  16. Ulva - sea lettuce

Gallery of some Bohol Flora

List of Bohol Fauna

Mammals

  1. baka - Philippine cow; Bos taurus
  2. Baboy ihás - baboy damó; wild boar; Sus scrofa
  3. bóngcaras - sea cow; Dugong dugon
  4. Dugong - manatee; Trichechus Linnaeus, 1758
  5. kabaw - kalabaw; Carabao; Bubalus bubalis carabanesis
  6. mawmag, mamag, tarsius - Philippine Tarsier; Tarsius syrichta
  7. Kwaknit or kabog - bats ; order Chiroptera
  8. Kagwang - Philippine Flying Lemur; Cynocephalus volans
  9. Sigbinkangaroo ?
  10. unggoy - monkey; macaque; Philippine Long-tailed Macaque; Macaca fascicularis philippinensis
  11. monkeys
  12. milô, musang - Common Palm Civet; Paradoxurus hermaphroditus

Annelid

  1. alimátok - Leech; Hirudo medicinalis
  2. earthworm; Lumbricus terrestris

Arthropods

  1. Centipede Class Chilopoda locally known as ulhipan
  2. labód- Millipede ; Class Diplopoda

Reptiles

  1. Python; Python reticulatus; reticulated python
  2. iyón or iwón – Philippine Turtle; Chelonia
  3. ahassnake
  4. baksan
  5. hawobayawak; monitor lizard; Varanus salvator
  6. Tikî or tabilí – house lizard;
  7. TukôGecko gecko
  8. tawoto (taloto)
  9. ibid
  10. buaya
  11. baki
  12. ambubukad

Birds (Ibon)

  1. agul-ol
  2. banog
  3. Antolihaw - dimodlaw; Oriole; Oriulus chinensis
  4. Tamsi
  5. Tocmo
  6. iling
  7. maya
  8. PaboTurkey; Meleagris gallopavo
  9. itik - duck
  10. Pato - Duck
  11. Gansa - Geese
  12. AgilaPhilippine eagle; Pithecophaga jefferyi
  13. Uwák - crow; Corone philippina
  14. uwák - Philippine crow; Corvus
  15. salampati or pati - Dove
  16. Pigeon
  17. Alimokón
  18. Kuwagô – Philippine owl; Bubo bubo
  19. Manok bisaya - native chicken; Gallus gallus domesticus
  20. sunóy - rooster
  21. Manok ugís
  22. Philippine Serpent Eagle Spilornis holospilus
  23. Brahminy Kite
  24. woodpecker
  25. rocky-tailed blue-headed parrot
  26. grass owl
  27. scoop owl
  28. bubock pigeon
  29. water cock
  30. parakeets
  31. reel

Insects

  1. alibangbang - butterfly
  2. lamókmosquito
  3. langawflies
  4. uk-okcockroach; ipis (Tag.)
  5. amigas or hulmigas – red ants; langgam(Tag.)
  6. sum - black ants (read soom)
  7. atitud – small ants
  8. anaywhite ants
  9. aninipot - Fireflies
  10. don don or lukton - grasshopper
  11. buyóg or bujog - bees
  12. gangis - cricket
  13. beetle
  14. putyukan or putjukan - honey bees

Fish (Isdâ)

  1. andohaw
  2. bakasí
  3. bakáy
  4. baksawan
  5. banák - family magulidae, mullet
  6. bangsi
  7. bangúsmilkfish; Chanos chanos
  8. barilis - Neothunnus macropterus; yellowfin Tuna
  9. bawô
  10. bolinaw
  11. botete
  12. burot burot
  13. dalág - Ophicephalus striatus, Murrel
  14. danggit - Siganid
  15. hasâ hasâ
  16. isdâ sa bató
  17. ketong
  18. kujóg
  19. lapulapu - Family Serranidae ; Grouper
  20. malasugí
  21. mansi
  22. molmol
  23. pantat
  24. pómpano
  25. samín samín
  26. sugí
  27. sunghan
  28. tambasakan
  29. tangigue
  30. tilapia - Tilapia; Tilapia zili
  31. tulingan
  32. tuna
  33. blue marlin
  34. mackerel
  35. salmon
  36. silver sea bass - Lates calcarifer;
  37. Goby
  38. sea catfish - Family Ariidae
  39. wrasse - Family Labridae
  40. silver perch - Datnia plumbea
  41. pakol
  42. lapad-lapad
  43. budboron

Note:

  • bijud sa isda - fish eggs: caviar
  • sanga is banned
  • tangkig - dwarf anaconda (sea)

Freshwater fish

  1. ibísguppy
  2. kasili
  3. anga

Mollusks (Shellfish)

Univalves

  1. Saáng
  2. Chambered Nautilus
  3. bugyong
  4. buskaycowry; Cypraea; varieties: Tiger cowry; Golden cowry
  5. cones - Conus

Bivalves

  1. bebe
  2. imbaw
  3. tuway
  4. aninikád
  5. dawo-dawo
  6. Amahóng or tahóng - green bay mussels Perna viridis (affected by tide)
  7. oyster; Crassostrea gigas
  8. clams
  9. giant clams
  10. abalone
  11. scallops

Sea animals

  1. bóngcarassea cow
  2. iho - shark
  3. Whale shark; Rhincodon typus
  4. lumód - Dolphin;
  5. dugong - Manatee; Dugong dugon
  6. pawikan - Sea turtle
  7. paguemanta ray
  8. bat or bat tulî - sea cucumber; Holothuria
  9. lambay – big Crabs
  10. kasag - small crabs
  11. agukoyfiddler crab; Uca sp.
  12. pasayan - sapayan; also sapajan; shrimp
  13. lukón - prawn
  14. nukos - Squid;
  15. amûpô - Octopus;
  16. crabs - Genus Portunus
  17. nipâ nipâ - crablets
  18. sugâ sugâ - crablets
  19. Lobster
  20. Tangkigan
  21. Taklâ- crayfish
  22. Brittle stars; Ophiurida
  23. Sand dollars
  24. Starfish - A. typicus
  25. tuyóm or tujóm - sea urchins; Diadema
  26. swakê -
  27. blue crab
  28. mud crab
  29. uwáng - Ustacidae, crayfish;
  30. uwáng - Macrobrachium rosenbergii, giant freshwater prawn
  31. sunlutan

Exotic species

  1. Kuhól – golden apple snail; Ampullaria cuprina

Gallery of Bohol Fauna

Gallery Philippine Tarsier

References

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