With the foundation of the Wiener Werkstätte
in 1903, a new artistic style was born that came to be known as the Wiener-Werkstätte-Stil
(literally, the Vienna Workshops Style). Beginning with the 14th Exhibition of the Vienna Sezession
in 1902, the radical distinctiveness of certain Viennese artists began to emerge, setting a foundation for the widespread Modernist
movement. Among the innovators was the Viennese architect Josef Hoffmann
. His cubist
sculpture created in 1902 marked a break into independence for many Viennese artists. His works from this period are especially remarkable when one considers that the term "cubism" only found its way into the art lexicon around 1907 to describe the work of Pablo Picasso
With its avant-garde, artistic, yet timeless designs, the Wiener-Werkstaette-Stil influenced generations of architects and designers in the 20th century. The Bauhaus in Germany, Art Deco in America from 1920 to 1940, Scandinavian design from 1940-1960 (see for example Arne Jacobsen), as well as Italian design (see Mario Bellini) between 1960 and 1980, are all strongly influenced by the Wiener Werkstätte.