In Gallo-Roman religion
was a goddess
of the bear
, and was worshipped at Berne
, which actually means "bear".
Representations and inscriptions
A bronze sculpture from Muri, near Berne in Switzerland shows a large
bear facing a woman seated in a chair, with a small tree behind the
bear. The woman seems to hold fruit in her lap, perhaps feeding the
bear. (Deyts p.48, Green pp.217-218). The sculpture has a large rectangular bronze base, which bears an inscription. (CIL 13, 05160)
- Deae Artioni / Licinia Sabinilla
To the Goddess Artio (or Artionis), from Licinia Sabinilla. If the name is Gaulish but the syntax is Latin, a dative Artioni would give an i-stem nominative *Artionis or an n-stem nominative *Artio. That would perhap correspond to a Gaulish n-stem nominative *Artiu.
Another inscription from Trier (Wightman p.217, CIL 13, 04113) also refers to Artio.
Her name is derived from the Gaulish
, bear (Delamarre 2003 p. 55-56). Other Celtic languages have similar words, such as Old Irish art
, Welsh arth
- which may also be the source for the modern name Arthur
- Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL) vol XIII, Inscriptiones trium Galliarum et Germaniarum
- Delamarre, X. (2003). Dictionnaire de la Langue Gauloise (2nd ed.). Paris: Editions Errance. ISBN 2-87772-237-6
- Deyts, Simone (1992) Images des Dieux de la Gaule. Paris, Editions Errance. ISBN 2-87772-067-5.
- Green, Miranda (1992) Animals in Celtic Life and Myth. London, Routledge. ISBN 0-415-18588-2
- Wightman, E.M. (1970) Roman Trier and the Treveri London, Hart-Davis. ISBN 0-246-63980-6