arthur burns

Arthur

[ahr-ther]

Arthur is a common male name, meaning "bear-like," believed to possibly be descended from the Roman surname Artorius ("plowman") or the Celtic bear-goddess Artio or more probably from the Celtic word artos ("bear"). Other Celtic languages have similar first names, such as Old Irish Art, Artúur, Welsh Arth - which may also be the source for the modern name. Art is also a diminutive form of the common name Arthur. In many Slavic, Romance, and Germanic languages the name is spelled as Artur. The Finnish versions are Arttu and Artturi.

Etymology

The origin of the name Arthur remains a matter of debate. Some suggest it is derived from the Latin family name Artorius, of obscure and contested etymology. Others propose a derivation from Welsh arth (earlier art), meaning "bear", suggesting art-ur, "bear-man", (earlier *Arto-uiros) is the original form, although there are difficulties with this theory. It may be relevant to this debate that the legendary King Arthur's name appears as Arthur, or Arturus, in early Latin Arthurian texts, never as Artorius. However, this may not say anything about the origin of the name Arthur, as Artorius would regularly become Art(h)ur when borrowed into Welsh. An alternative theory links the name Arthur to Arcturus, the brightest star in the constellation Boötes, near Ursa Major or the Great Bear. Classical Latin Arcturus would also have become Art(h)ur when borrowed into Welsh, and its brightness and position in the sky led people to regard it as the "guardian of the bear" and the "leader" of the other stars in Boötes. Also intensive attention has been paid to relevant agreements supporting the conclusion that 'Arthur' is a devolution of the name of the roman-breton hero (Ambrosius) Aurelianus. The earliest historically attested use of the name 'Arthur' is Artúr the son or grandson of Áedán mac Gabráin.

People, characters and animals with the given name Arthur

People

Animals

Fictional characters

Tropical cyclones

  • Tropical Storm Arthur (a disambiguation page): Arthur is the name of several tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and Fiji cyclone naming areas.

See also'''

Notes

References

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  • (abridgement accessible by enregistering it in Google Books/My Library) (Commentary: http://members.lycos.nl/jathu/PeterKorrel.htm)
  • . (JSTOR subscription required for online access.)

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