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arthropteris

List of vascular plants of Norfolk Island

This is a list of vascular plants that are indigenous to, or naturalised on, Norfolk Island. The list is based on the most recent authoritative treatment of Norfolk Island, the 1994 Flora of Australia 49. That source is dated in places; for example its classification of the flowering plants uses the Cronquist system, aspects of which are no longer accepted. This list therefore differs from the Flora of Australia treatment in several areas; these are footnoted.

List of flora of Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island has 523 taxa of vascular plants, 136 of which are indigenous, and 387 naturalised. Forty-four of the indigenous taxa are endemic. There are two endemic genera, Ungeria and Streblorrhiza.

Eudicotyledons

The eudicots are represented on Norfolk Island by 75 families, 220 genera, and 287 species.Acanthaceae

Convolvulaceae

Malvaceae

Sapotaceae

Monocotyledons

The Monocotyledons (monocots) are represented on Norfolk Island by 16 families, 81 genera, and 110 species. Most of them are naturalised, with naturalised grasses account for 5 families, 47 genera and 67 species. Of the 43 indigenous species, 9 are endemic.

Agavaceae

Arecaceae

Pinophyta

Two species of Pinophyta (conifers) occur on Norfolk Island: the popular endemic Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine), and the naturalised Cupressus lusitanica.

Araucariaceae

Cupressaceae

Pteridophyta

The Pteridophyta (ferns) are represented on Norfolk Island by 14 families, 24 genera, and 37 species. Seven species are endemic; none are naturalised.Adiantaceae

Salviniaceae

Lycopodiophyta

Norfolk Island has two species of Lycopodiophyta, the indigenous club moss Lycopodiella cernua and the naturalised spikemoss Selaginella kraussiana.Lycopodiaceae

Psilotophyta

Norfolk Island has two species of Psilotophyta.Psilotaceae

Ophioglossophyta

Norfolk Island has one species of Ophioglossophyta.Ophioglossaceae

Notes

References

  • Green, P.S. (1994). Flora of Australia, Volume 49: Oceanic Islands 1. Canberra: Australian Government Printing Service. ISBN 0-644-29385-3.
  • de Lange, P. J., et.al. (2005). "Vascular flora of Norfolk Island: some additions and taxonomic notes". New Zealand Journal of Botany 43 563–596.
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