This is a list of vascular plants that are indigenous to, or naturalised on, Norfolk Island
. The list is based on the most recent authoritative treatment of Norfolk Island, the 1994 Flora of Australia 49
. That source is dated in places; for example its classification of the flowering plants
uses the Cronquist system
, aspects of which are no longer accepted. This list therefore differs from the Flora of Australia
treatment in several areas; these are footnoted.
List of flora of Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island has 523 taxa of vascular plants, 136 of which are indigenous, and 387 naturalised. Forty-four of the indigenous taxa are endemic. There are two endemic genera, Ungeria
are represented on Norfolk Island by 75 families, 220 genera, and 287 species.Acanthaceae
(monocots) are represented on Norfolk Island by 16 families, 81 genera, and 110 species. Most of them are naturalised, with naturalised grasses account for 5 families, 47 genera and 67 species. Of the 43 indigenous species, 9 are endemic.
Two species of Pinophyta
(conifers) occur on Norfolk Island: the popular endemic Araucaria heterophylla
(Norfolk Island Pine), and the naturalised Cupressus lusitanica
(ferns) are represented on Norfolk Island by 14 families, 24 genera, and 37 species. Seven species are endemic; none are naturalised.Adiantaceae
Norfolk Island has two species of Lycopodiophyta
, the indigenous club moss Lycopodiella cernua
and the naturalised spikemoss Selaginella kraussiana
Norfolk Island has two species of Psilotophyta
Norfolk Island has one species of Ophioglossophyta
- Green, P.S. (1994). Flora of Australia, Volume 49: Oceanic Islands 1. Canberra: Australian Government Printing Service. ISBN 0-644-29385-3.
- de Lange, P. J., et.al. (2005). "Vascular flora of Norfolk Island: some additions and taxonomic notes". New Zealand Journal of Botany 43 563–596.