The ancient city dated at least from the 7th century BC. Connected with both the Volscian and Samnite people, it was captured by the Romans and made a civitas sine suffragio in 305 BC. The city gained Roman suffrage in 188 BC and the status of a municipium in 90 BC. Its Roman name was Arpinum. Both Gaius Marius and Cicero were natives of Arpinum.