armillariella mellea

List of cacao diseases

This article is a list of diseases of cacao (Theobroma cacao).

Bacterial diseases

Bacterial diseases
Crown gall

Agrobacterium tumefaciens (artificial inoculations)
Stripe

Erwinia caratovora

Fungal diseases

Fungal diseases
Anthracnose

Glomerella cingulata
Armillaria root rot

Armillaria mellea
Black pod

Phytophthora capsici
Phytophthora citrophthora
Phytophthora heveae
Phytophthora megakarya
Phytophthora palmivora
Black root

Rosellinia bunodes
R. pepo
Brown root

Phellinus noxius
Canker

Phytophthora citrophthora
Phytophthora palmivora
Ceratocystis fimbriata
Ceratocystis wilt

Ceratocystis fimbriata
Ceratocystis moniliformis
Ceratocystis paradoxa
Collar crack

Armillariella mellea
Armillariella tabescens
Collar rot

Ustulina deusta
Cushion gall (green-point gall)

Nectria rigidiuscula

"font-style : italic;">Fusarium decemcellulare

Dieback

Physiological, stress induced, more than 80 fungal species associated with this syndrome
Frosty pod

''Moniliophthora roreri'
Horse hair blight

Crinipellis sarmentosa
Lasiodiplodia pod rot

Lasiodiplodia theobromae

"font-style : italic;">Botryodiplodia theobromae

Leaf anthracnose

Colletotrichum spp.
Macrophoma pod rot

Macrophoma spp.
Moniliophthora pod rot

Moniliophthora roreri
Phytophthora pod rot

Phytophthora capsici
Phytophthora citrophthora
Phytophthora hevae
Phytophthora megakarya
Phytophthora palmivora
Pink disease

Erythricium salmonicolor
Sudden death

Verticillium dahliae
Mycoleptodiscus terrestris
Thread blight

Ceratobasidium koleroga
Trachysphaera pot rot (mealy pod)

Trachysphaera fructigena
Vascular streak dieback

Oncobasidium theobromae
Violet root rot

Nectria mauritiicola

"font-style : italic;">Sphaerostilbe repens

Wet root rot

Ganoderma philippii
White root rot

Rigidoporus microporus

"font-style : italic;">Rigidoporus lignosus

White thread

Marasmiellus scandens
Witches’ broom

Moniliophthora perniciosa

Miscellaneous diseases

Miscellaneous diseases
Algal disease

Cephaleuros virescens
Cherelle wilt

Physiological, no specific pathogen involved

Nematodes, parastic

Nematodes, parastic
Awl nematode

Dolichodorus spp.
Cyst nematode

Heterodera spp.
Dagger nematode

Xiphinema spp.
Lesion nematode

Pratylenchus spp.
Reniform nematode

Rotylenchulus spp.
Ring nematode

Hoplolaimus spp.
Root-knot nematode

Meloidogyne spp.
Spiral nematode

Helicotylencus spp.
Stubby root nematode

Trichodorus spp.

Parasitic plants

Parasitic plants
Mistletoe

Denrophthora spp.
Loranthus spp.
Oryctanthus spp.
Phoradendron spp.
Phthirusa spp.
Tapinanthus spp.

Viral and viroid diseases

Viral and viroid diseases
Cacao swollen shoot

Cacao swollen-shoot virus (CSSV)
Cacao yellow mosaic

Cacao yellow mosaic virus (CYMV)
Cacao necrosis

Cacao necrosis virus (CNV)

References

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