is a musical term in Italian
, meaning from the beginning
(literally to the head
). It is often abbreviated D.C.
. It is a composer
or publisher's directive to repeat the previous part of music. In small pieces this might be the same thing as a repeat
, but in larger works D.C. might occur after one or more repeats of small sections, indicating a return to the very beginning. The resulting structure of the piece is generally in ternary form
. Sometimes the composer
describes the part to be repeated, for example: Menuet da capo
. In opera
, where an aria of this structure is called a da capo aria
, the repeated section is often adorned with grace notes
Variations of the direction are:
- Da Capo al fine (D.C. al fine): repeat from beginning up to the word fine.
- Da Capo al coda (D.C. al Coda): repeat from beginning to an indicated place and then play the tail part (the coda).