areca nuts

Areca

[uh-ree-kuh, ar-i-]

Areca is a genus of about 50 species of single-stemmed palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from Malaysia to the Solomon Islands.

The best-known member of the genus is A. catechu, the areca nut palm. Several species of Areca nuts, known for their bitter and tangy taste, are routinely used for chewing, especially in combination with the leaves of Betel, tobacco and Calcium hydroxide (lime). This practice is popular among elderly people in southeastern Asia, and it is allegedly one of the causes of oral cancer in the region.

The areca nut tree belongs to the same family as the oil palm and talipot palm, but straight and slender, its appearanc is quite different.

Species

  • Areca abdulrahmanii J.Dransf. (1980).
  • Areca ahmadii J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca andersonii J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca arundinacea Becc. (1877).
  • Areca brachypoda J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca caliso Becc. (1919).
  • Areca camarinensis Becc. (1919).
  • Areca catechu L. (1753) : Betel Palm
  • Areca celebica Burret (1933).
  • Areca chaiana J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca concinna Thwaites (1864).
  • Areca congesta Becc. (1923).
  • Areca costulata Becc. (1919).
  • Areca dayung J.Dransf. (1980).
  • Areca furcata Becc. (1877).
  • Areca glandiformis Lam. (1783).
  • Areca guppyana Becc. (1914).
  • Areca hutchinsoniana Becc. (1919).
  • Areca insignis (Becc.) J.Dransf. (1984).
    • Areca insignis var. insignis
    • Areca insignis var. moorei (J.Dransf.) J.Dransf. (1984)
  • Areca ipot Becc. (1909).
  • Areca jobiensis Becc. (1877).
  • Areca jugahpunya J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca kinabaluensis Furtado (1933).
  • Areca klingkangensis J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca laosensis Becc. (1910).
  • Areca ledermanniana Becc. (1923).
  • Areca macrocalyx Zipp. ex Blume (1839).
  • Areca macrocarpa Becc. (1909).
  • Areca minuta Scheff., (1876).
  • Areca montana Ridl., (1907).
  • Areca multifida Burret (1936).
  • Areca nannospadix Burret (1931).
  • Areca nigasolu Becc. (1914).
  • Areca novohibernica (Lauterb.) Becc. (1914).
  • Areca oxycarpa Miq. (1868).
  • Areca parens Becc. (1919).
  • Areca rechingeriana Becc. (1910).
  • Areca rheophytica J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca ridleyana Becc. ex Furtado (1933).
  • Areca rostrata Burret (1935).
  • Areca salomonensis Burret (1936).
  • Areca subacaulis (Becc.) J.Dransf. (1984).
  • Areca torulo Becc. (1914).
  • Areca triandra Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham. (1826).
  • Areca tunku J.Dransf. & C.K.Lim (1992).
  • Areca vestiaria Giseke (1792).
  • Areca vidaliana Becc. (1907).
  • Areca warburgiana Becc. (1914).
  • Areca whitfordii Becc. (1907).

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