The architrave (also called epistyle or door frame) is a moulded or ornamental band framing a rectangular opening. It is the lintel or beam that rests on the capitals of the columns. As such, it is the lowest part of the entablature consisting of architrave, frieze and cornice. The word is derived from the Greek and Latin words arche and trabs combined together to mean "main beam".
The architrave is different in the different orders. In the Tuscan, it only consists of a plain face, crowned with a fillet, and is half a module in height. In the Doric and composite, it has two faces, or fasciae; and three in the Ionic and Corinthian, in which it is 10/12 of a module high, though but half a module in the rest.
Looking Up Our Artistic Heritage; Two Very Different Books on Liverpool's Building Heritage Should Have Scores of Tourists Learning the Difference between Their Architraves and Their Escutcheons, Says Peter Elson
May 17, 2004; Byline: Peter Elson FANS of the more eccentrically-presented local history books will be delighted to know that a follow- up has...