Definitions

Aranjuez

Aranjuez

Aranjuez, town (1990 pop. 38,239), Madrid prov., central Spain, on the Tagus River. As a market for the irrigated horticulture nearby, it is known for its asparagus and strawberries. It was once a royal summer residence with elaborate gardens. The palace burned several times in the 17th cent. but was rebuilt (1727) by Philip V. Now within commuting range of Madrid, the city manufactures chemicals, metal products, and textiles.
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Statistics
Province: Madrid
Autonomous Community: Madrid
Location: 40.019/40°2'11' N lat.
3.17/3°37'3' W long.
Area: 189'13 km²
Population: 48,139 (2005)
Population density: 254'52 inhabitants/km²
Elevation: 494 m
Postal code: 28300
Name of habitants: Ribereño (usual), Arancetano (very rare)
Website: www.aranjuez.es

Aranjuez is a town in the southern part of the Autonomous Community of Madrid in central Spain and lies 48 km south of the city of Madrid. It is located at the confluence of the Tagus and Jarama rivers. The municipality of Aranjuez has a population of 48,139 (February 2005), 23,545 are males and 24,594 are females. It is located 48 km from Toledo.

Aranjuez is known for the Palacio Real de Aranjuez, one of the Spanish royal sites, and its vast gardens. The Tagus valley has been intensively farmed since medieval times and the strawberries of Aranjuez are famous throughout Spain. Internationally, Aranjuez has become known through the Concierto de Aranjuez by Joaquin Rodrigo. Upon his death he was buried in the town's cemetery.

Population

  • 2002: 40,928
  • 2004: 46,891
  • 2005: 48,139
  • May 2007: 52,873

Government and administration

The city of Aranjuez is divided into the following districts: Centro, Vergel, Olivas, Las Aves, Nuevo Aranjuez, Foso, Moreras and La Montaña. Since 2003, Aranjuez has been governed by Mayor Jesús Miguel Dionisio Ballesteros, of the Socialist Party.

Economy

The main pillars of the local economy are hotels and tourism. Aranjuez has always been an attractive city for tourists due to, among other reasons, to the Royal Palace, the gardens, the Tagus river and the landscapes. In 2001 this city was designated as a World Heritage Cultural landscape by UNESCO, and since then, tourism has kept on increasing. Much money was spent in order to beautify Aranjuez and many pubs and restaurants were opened (from 2001 to 2004 their number increased 22%). In 2005 a large casino was opened in the city and in March 2008 the Tagus Hospital was opened.

Agriculture

Aranjuez is located on the fertile plain of the Tagus river, and its soil is suitable for growing wheat and other cereals. There are also horticulture plantations (asparagus and strawberries), both irrigated and dry products, vines and melons, which are also typical of the neighbouring region of Castilla-La Mancha.

Industry

The proximity to Madrid and the good communications by road and rail made Aranjuez a suitable location for industry: detergents, mechanical construction, computer and electrical material, photographic materials, pharmaceutical products, paints and varnishes, sugar refineries, and oil mills.

In recent decades, the sugar refinery and the Agfa photographic factory have closed. Cortefiel, a garment company, plans to build a factory in Aranjuez in the next few years.

The majority of the industries are located to the west of the railway station or in the "Gonzalo Chacón" industrial park, in the south. The main existing industries are:

Transportation

Local media

Print media

Radio stations

  • Onda Aranjuez, 107.8 FM.
  • Cadena Ser Aranjuez, 89.3 FM.
  • Onda Cero Aranjuez, 90.7 FM.
  • Radio Fuga, 92.1 FM.

Sports facilities

  • The city has always been connected to the Tagus river, with the result that there is a long tradition of water sports, such as canoeing or rowing. In the Olympic candidature of Madrid for the 2012 Olympics, which will be held finally in London, Aranjuez was the selected site for these sports. Anyhow, there are plans to continue the construction of the necessary sport facilities, which should be finished by 2010.
  • Aranjuez has a football team, Real Aranjuez C.F., which plays in the Local Stadium, called "El Deleite".
  • Nearby Ocaña has a skydiving and gliding centre at the Aerodrome, and most of the skydivers there base themselves in Aranjuez.

History

Notable people connected with Aranjuez

Monuments and places of interest

  • Royal Palace.
  • Isle Garden.
  • Parterre Garden.
  • Prince's Garden.
  • Isabella II's Garden.
  • House of Trades and Knights.
  • House of Infantes and Atarfe.
  • Pleasure craft Museum.
  • Farmhand's House.
  • Saint Anthony Square and Royal Chapel.
  • House of Employees (currently Town Hall).
  • Alpajes Church.
  • Saint Pascual's Royal Convent.
  • Old Saint Charles' Hospital (to be restored).
  • Charles III's Royal Theatre (to be restored, currently in ruins).
  • Supply Market.
  • Plaza de Toros and Bullfighting Museum "Una Gran Fiesta".
  • Medinaceli Palace.
  • Governor's House (currently University of High Studies Centre Phillip II).
  • Mother Queen's old garage, today cultural centre "Isabel de Farnesio".
  • Typical corralas.
  • Godoy and Osuna's Palaces.
  • Silvela's Palace (also known as Bavaria's Palace).
  • Centre of Interpretation of the Natural Reserve "El Regajal-Mar de Ontígola".
  • Historical sotos.
  • Royal Country Estate of Saint Isidro.

Culture

Traditions

  • In summer it is traditional to have dinner in the picnic areas next to the Tagus river. These places are called gangos, a Spanish word used only in Aranjuez.

Gastronomy

Twin cities

See also

External links

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