is the thirteenth letter of the modern Latin alphabet
. Its name in English
is spelled em
The letter M
derives its shape from the Phoenician Mem
, via the Greek Mu
(Μ, μ). Semitic Mem probably originally pictured water. It is known that Semitic people working in Egypt c. 2000 BC borrowed a hieroglyph for Water that was first used for an alveolar nasal
(/n/, because of the Egyptian word for Water, "n-t". This same symbol became used for M in Semitic, because their word for water began with that sound.
| Egyptian hieroglyph "N"
|| Proto-Semitic M
|| Phoenician M
|| Etruscan M
|| Greek Mu
|| Roman M |
The letter M represents the bilabial nasal consonant sound, m, in Classical languages as well as the modern languages. The Oxford English Dictionary (first edition) says that 'm' is sometimes a vowel in words like spasm and in the suffix -ism. In modern terminology, this would be described as a syllabic consonant — IPA [m̩].
Codes for computing
M is codepoint U+004D and the lower case
m is U+006D.
The ASCII code for capital M is 77 and for lowercase m is 109; or in binary 01001101 and 01101101, correspondingly.
The EBCDIC code for capital M is 212 and for lowercase m is 148.
The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "M" and "m" for upper and lower case respectively.
Meanings of M
- See M (disambiguation).