Definitions

Apries

Apries

Apries, king of ancient Egypt (588-569 B.C.), of the XXVI dynasty; successor of Psamtik II. Apries sought to recover Syria and Palestine. He attacked Tyre and Sidon but failed (586 B.C.) to relieve the siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. A revolt in Egypt caused him to seek assistance from Amasis II, who assassinated him and seized the throne. Apries is called Pharaoh-hophra in the Bible (Jer. 44.30).

Apries (Απριης) is the name by which Herodotus (ii. 161) and Diodorus (i. 68) designate Wahibre Haibre, Ουαφρης (Pharaoh-Hophra), a pharaoh of Egypt (589 BC - 570 BC), the fourth king (counting from Psammetichus I) of the Twenty-sixth dynasty of Egypt. He was equated with the Waphres of Manetho, who correctly records that he reigned for 19 years. He is also called Hophra as in Jeremiah 44:30.

Apries inherited the throne from his father, the undistingished Psammetichus II, and continued his poor military record. Unsuccessful attempts to intervene in the Kingdom of Judah were followed by a mutiny of soldiers at Aswan. An attempt to protect Libya from incursions by Greek forces was also unsuccessful and the returning troops squabbled with the existing order. Apries was killed in 568 BC in a conflict with his eventual successor Amasis II, a former general who had declared himself pharaoh and married his daughter Chedebnitjerbone II. His other daughter, Neithiti (in Greek Neitetis), was married twice to Cyrus the Great and to her stepson Cambyses II.

In the year 588 B.C., Apries sent a force to Jerusalem to protect it from Babylonian forces sent by Nebuchadrezzar II. Their forces were quickly crushed and Jerusalem was destroyed.

Eusebius placed the eclipse of Thales in 585 BC in the eighth or twelfth year of his reign.

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