is a geographical indication
used to identify where the grapes
for a wine
were grown. The rules that govern appellations are dependent on the country
in which the wine was produced. Historically, the world's first vineyard classification system was introduced by the Hungarians
, in 1730.
In 1935, the Institut National des Appellations d'Origine (INAO), a branch of the French Ministry of Agriculture, was created to manage wine-processing in France. In the Rhone wine region
Baron Pierre Le Roy Boiseaumarié, a lawyer and winegrower from Châteauneuf-du-Pape
, obtained legal recognition of the Côtes du Rhône
appellation of origin in 1937. The AOC seal, or Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée
, was created and mandated by French laws in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s.
Before 1935, despite the fact that the INAO was yet to be created, champagne enjoyed an appellation control by virtue of legal protection as part of the Treaty of Madrid (1891). The treaty stated that only sparkling wine produced in Champagne and adhering to the standards defined for that name as an Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée could be called champagne. This right was reaffirmed in the Treaty of Versailles after World War I.
Germany is unusual among wine-producing countries in that its most prestigious classification, Qualitätswein mit Prädikat
(QmP), is based on the ripeness of the grapes regardless of their geographical origin. Thus Germany's geographical classification, Qualitätswein bestimmter Anbaugebiete
(QbA), is akin to France's second-tier Vin Délimité de Qualité Superieure
The world's first vineyard classification system was introduced by the Hungarians
, in 1730.
Vineyards were classified into three categories depending on the soil, sun exposure, and potential to develop Botrytis cinerea
. The subdvisions were: first-class, second-class and third-class wines. A decree by the Hungarian crown in 1757 established a closed production district in Tokaj
. The classification system was completed by the national censuses of 1765 and 1772.
The world's second-oldest appellation control was introduced in Portugal
in 1756, pertaining to port wine
, which was produced in the region of the Douro valley.
’s appellations include British Columbia
. British Columbia is divided into four "Designated Viticultural Areas" ("DVAs"): Okanagan
Valley; Vancouver Island
; Fraser Valley; and the Similkameen Valley. Ontario includes three DVAs: Niagara
Peninsula; Lake Erie
North Shore; and Pelee Island
. Both provinces
participate in the Vintners Quality Alliance ("VQA"), which is modeled after the European system.
TheAmerican Viticultural Area
is for the United States. The first American Viticultural Area
was in Augusta, Missouri, in 1980. Augusta's wine region
approval was based largely on its long historical relationship with wine in the United States. The Augusta wine-growing area is a 15-square-mile plot of land along the Missouri River, which moderates temperature and provides an optimal climate for growing vitis vinifera
List of appellations