Definitions

appalachian tea

List of plants by common name

The common names of plants often vary from region to region, which is why most plant encyclopedias refer to plants using binomials, or "latin" names. Common names are also referred to as "country names" or "farmer's names". These names develop over time according to use, appearance, and lore.

Most plants have several country names, and country names often refer to several distinct plants. This list includes garden plants as well as weeds.

This is by no means a complete list. Most of the common names here so far are regional names from North America.

A

*Black Alder - Alnus glutinosa, Ilex verticillata
*Common Alder - Alnus glutinosa
*False Alder - Ilex verticillata
*Gray Alder - Alnus incana
*Speckled Alder - Alnus incana
*Striped Alder - Ilex verticillata
*White Alder - Alnus incana, Ilex verticillata

  • Ambrosia

*Tall Ambrosia - Ambrosia trifida

*Osage Apple - Maclura pomifera

*Indian Arrowwood - Cornus florida

*Black Ash- Acer negundo, Fraxinus nigra
*Blue Ash - Fraxinus pennsylvanica
*Cane Ash - Fraxinus americana
*Green Ash - Fraxinus pennsylvanica
*Maple Ash- Acer negundo
*Red Ash - Fraxinus pennsylvanica
*River Ash - Fraxinus pennsylvanica
*Swamp Ash - Fraxinus pennsylvanica
*White Ash - Fraxinus americana
*Water Ash- Acer negundo, Fraxinus pennsylvanica

*Carolina Azolla - Azolla caroliniana

B

*Blue Bindweed - Solanum dulcamara

*Black Birch - Betula lenta, Betula nigra
*Bolean Birch - Betula papyrifera
*Canoe Birch - Betula papyrifera
*Cherry Birch - Betula lenta
*European Weeping Birch - Betula pendula
*European White Birch - Betula pendula
*Gray Birch - Betula alleghaniensis
*Mahogany Birch - Betula lenta
*Paper Birch - Betula papyrifera
*Red Birch - Betula nigra
*River Birch - Betula nigra, Betula lenta
*Silver Birch - Betula papyrifera
*Spice Birch - Betula lenta
*Sweet Birch - Betula lenta
*Water Birch - Betula nigra
*Weeping Birch - Betula pendula
*White Birch - Betula papyrifera, Betula pendula
*Yellow Birch - Betula alleghaniensis

*Hairy Bittercress - Cardamine hirsuta

*Trailing Bittersweet - Solanum dulcamara

*Hispid Swamp Blackberry - Rubus hispidus
*Pennsylvania Blackberry - Rubus pensilvanicus
*Running Swamp Blackberry - Rubus hispidus

*False Box - Cornus florida

*False Boxwood - Cornus florida

  • Brier

*Sand Brier - Solanum carolinense

C

*Clumpfoot Cabbage - Symplocarpus foetidus
*Meadow Cabbage - Symplocarpus foetidus
*Skunk Cabbage - Symplocarpus foetidus
*Swamp Cabbage - Symplocarpus foetidus

*Wild Carrot - Daucus carota

*Black Cherry - Prunus serotina
*Cabinet Cherry - Prunus serotina
*Rum Cherry - Prunus serotina
*Whiskey Cherry - Prunus serotina
*Wild Cherry - Prunus avium, Prunus serotina
*Wild Black Cherry - Prunus serotina

*Hare's Colwort - Sonchus oleraceus

  • Coneflower

*Brilliant Coneflower - Rudbeckia fulgida
*Cutleaf Coneflower - Rudbeckia laciniata
*Eastern Coneflower - Rudbeckia fulgida
*Green-headed Coneflower - Rudbeckia laciniata
*Orange Coneflower - Rudbeckia fulgida
*Tall Coneflower - Rudbeckia laciniata
*Thin-leaved Coneflower - Rudbeckia triloba
*Three-leaved Coneflower - Rudbeckia triloba

  • Cornel

*Blueberry Cornel - Cornus amomum
*Silky Cornel - Cornus amomum
*White Cornel - Cornus florida

*Fern-leaf Corydalis - Corydalis chelidoniifolia
*Golden Corydalis - Corydalis aurea
*Pale Corydalis - Corydalis flavula, Corydalis sempervirens
*Pink Corydalis - Corydalis sempervirens
*Yellow Corydalis - Corydalis lutea, Corydalis flavula

  • Cress - (several genera)

*American Cress - Barbarea verna
*Bank Cress - Barbarea verna
*Belle Isle Cress - Barbarea verna
*Bermuda Cress - Barbarea verna
*Bulbous Cress - Cardamine bulbosa
*Lamb's Cress - Cardamine hirsuta
*Land Cress - Barbarea verna, Cardamine hirsuta
*Scurvy Cress - Barbarea verna
*Spring Cress - Cardamine bulbosa
*Upland Cress - Barbarea verna

D

  • Daisy

*Brown Daisy - Rudbeckia hirta
*Gloriosa Daisy - Rudbeckia hirta
*Nigger Daisy - Rudbeckia hirta
*Poorland Daisy - Rudbeckia hirta
*Yellow Daisy - Rudbeckia hirta
*Yellow Ox-eye Daisy - Rudbeckia hirta

*Henbit Deadnettle - Lamium amplexicaule

*Bristly Dewberry - Rubus hispidus
*Swamp Dewberry - Rubus hispidus

*American Dogwood - Cornus florida
*Florida Dogwood - Cornus florida
*Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida
*Japanese Flowering Dogwood - Cornus kousa
*Kousa Dogwood - Cornus kousa
*Silky Dogwood - Cornus amomum
*Swamp Dogwood- Cornus amomum

E

F

*Mosquito Fern - Azolla caroliniana
*Water Fern - Azolla caroliniana

*Yellow Fumewort - Corydalis flavula

G

*Golden Garlic - Allium moly
*Wild Garlic - Allium canadense

*Dame's Gilliflower - Hesperis matronalis
*Night Scented Gilliflower - Hesperis matronalis
*Queen's Gilliflower - Hesperis matronalis
*Rogue's Gilliflower - Hesperis matronalis
*Winter Gilliflower - Hesperis matronalis

*Bristly Groundberry - Rubus hispidus

H

  • Harlequin

*Rock Harlequin - Corydalis sempervirens
*Yellow Harlequin - Corydalis flavula

*American White Hellebore - Veratrum viride
*Big Hellebore - Veratrum viride
*Black Hellebore - Veratrum nigrum
*European White Hellebore - Veratrum album
*False Hellebore - Veratrum album, Veratrum viride
*Swamp Hellebore - Veratrum viride
*White Hellebore - Veratrum album, Veratrum viride

*Greater Henbit - Lamium amplexicaule

*Deciduous Holly - Ilex decidua, Ilex verticillata
*Inkberry Holly - Ilex glabra
*Meadow Holly - Ilex decidua
*Swamp Holly - Ilex decidua
*Winterberry Holly - Ilex verticillata

I

*White Indian Hemp - Asclepias incarnata

J

K

L

*Lily Leek - Allium moly

  • Lilac

*Summer Lilac - Hesperis matronalis

M

*Ash-Leaved Maple - Acer negundo
*Black Maple - Acer nigrum
*Creek Maple - Acer saccharinum
*Cutleaf Maple - Acer negundo
*Maple Ash- Acer negundo
*Red River Maple - Acer negundo
*River Maple - Acer saccharinum
*Silver Maple - Acer saccharinum
*Silverleaf Maple - Acer saccharinum
*Soft Maple - Acer saccharinum
*Sugar Maple - Acer saccharum (main use), Acer barbatum, Acer leucoderme,
*Swamp Maple - Acer saccharinum
*Water Maple - Acer saccharinum
*White Maple - Acer saccharinum

*Honey Mesquite - Prosopis glandulosa
*Screwbean Mesquite - Prosopis pubescens

*Blunt-leaved Milkweed - Asclepias amplexicaulis
*Common Milkweed - Asclepias syriaca
*Horsetail Milkweed - Asclepias verticillata
*Orange Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa
*Swamp Milkweed - Asclepias incarnata
*Rose Milkweed - Asclepias incarnata
*Whorled Milkweed - Asclepias verticillata
*Yellow Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa

*Petty Morel - Solanum nigrum

*Red Mulberry - Morus rubra
*White Mulberry - Morus alba

N

*Bull Nettle - Solanum carolinense
*Carolina Horse Nettle - Solanum carolinense
*Horse Nettle - Solanum carolinense

  • Nightshade

*American Nightshade - Phytolacca americana, Solanum americanum
*Bitter Nightshade - Solanum dulcamara
*Black Nightshade - Solanum nigrum, Solanum americanum
*Climbing Nightshade - Solanum dulcamara
*Deadly Nightshade - Solanum nigrum
*Garden Nightshade - Solanum nigrum
*Trailing Nightshade - Solanum dulcamara
*Woody Nightshade - Solanum dulcamara

O

*Algerian Oak Quercus canariensis
*Black Oak - Quercus velutina, Quercus coccinea, Quercus rubra
*Blue Oak - Quercus macrocarpa
*Bur Oak - Quercus macrocarpa
*Champion Oak - Quercus rubra
*Dyer's Oak - Quercus velutina
*English Oak - Quercus robur
*Mirbeck's Oak - Quercus canariensis
*Mossycup Oak - Quercus macrocarpa
*Mossycup White Oak - Quercus macrocarpa
*Pedunculate Oak -Quercus robur''
*Pin Oak - Quercus palustris
*Red Oak - Quercus rubra, Quercus coccinea
*Scarlet Oak - Quercus coccinea
*Scrub Oak - Quercus macrocarpa
*Sessile Oak - Quercus petraea
*Spanish Oak - Quercus coccinea, Quercus rubra
*Spotted Oak - Quercus velutina
*Swamp Oak - Quercus palustris, Quercus bicolor
*Swamp Spanish Oak - Quercus palustris
*Swamp White Oak - Quercus bicolor
*White Oak - Quercus alba
*Yellowbark Oak - Quercus velutina

*Giant Onion - Allium giganteum
*Nodding Onion - Allium cernuum
*Tree Onion - Allium canadense
*Wild Onion - Allium canadense

  • Orange

*Osage Orange - Maclura pomifera
*Wild Orange - Maclura pomifera

*Red Osier - Cornus amomum

P

*Bastard Pellitory - Achillea ptarmica
*European Pellitory - Achillea ptarmica
*Wild Pellitory - Achillea ptarmica

*Broadleaf Plantain - Plantago major
*Common Plantain - Plantago major
*Dooryard Plantain - Plantago major
*Greater Plantain - Plantago major
*Roundleaf Plantain - Plantago major
*Wayside Plantain - Plantago major

*Indian Poke - Veratrum viride

Q

R

*Common Ragweed - Ambrosia artemisiifolia
*Giant Ragweed - Ambrosia trifida
*Great Ragweed - Ambrosia trifida

*Black Raspberry - Rubus occidentalis
*Purple Raspberry - Rubus occidentalis

*Dame's Rocket - Hesperis matronalis
*Sweet Rocket - Hesperis matronalis
*Winter Rocket - Barbarea vulgaris
*Yellow Rocket - Barbarea vulgaris

*Baby Rose - Rosa multiflora
*Dwarf Wild Rose - Rosa virginiana
*Low Rose - Rosa virginiana
*Multiflora Rose - Rosa multiflora
*Prairie Rose - Rosa virginiana
*Rambler Rose - Rosa multiflora
*Wild Rose - Rosa virginiana

S

*Common Serviceberry - Amelanchier arborea
*Downy Serviceberry - Amelanchier arborea
*Shadblow Serviceberry - Amelanchier canadensis

*Swamp Silkweed - Asclepias incarnata
*Virginia Silkweed - Asclepias syriaca

*Corn Speedwell - Veronica arvensis
*Wall Speedwell - Veronica arvensis

*Orange Swallow-wort - Asclepias tuberosa
*Silky Swallow-wort - Asclepias syriaca

*Orange Swallow-wort - Asclepias tuberosa
*Silky Swallow-wort - Asclepias syriaca

T

  • Tansy

*Common Tansy - Tanacetum vulgare
*White Tansy - Achillea ptarmica
*Wild Tansy - Ambrosia artemisiifolia

  • Tea

*Appalachian Tea - Ilex glabra

*Annual Sow Thistle - Sonchus oleraceus
*California Thistle - Cirsium arvense
*Canada Thistle - Cirsium arvense
*Corn Thistle - Cirsium arvense
*Corn Sow Thistle - Sonchus arvensis
*Creeping Thistle - Cirsium arvense
*Cursed Thistle - Cirsium arvense
*Field Sow Thistle - Sonchus arvensis
*Green Thistle - Cirsium arvense
*Hard Thistle - Cirsium arvense
*Hare's Thistle - Sonchus oleraceus
*Milk Thistle - Sonchus oleraceus
*Nodding Thistle - Carduus nutans L.
*Perennial Thistle - Cirsium arvense
*Prickly Thistle - Cirsium arvense
*Sharp-fringed Sow Thistle - Sonchus asper
*Small-flowered Thistle - Cirsium arvense
*Spiny Sow Thistle - Sonchus asper
*Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle - Sonchus asper
*Swine Thistle - Sonchus arvensis
*Tree Sow Thistle - Sonchus arvensis
*Way Thistle - Cirsium arvense

*Cutleaf Toothwort - Cardamine concatenata
*Purple-flowered Toothwort - Cardamine concatenata

U

V

*Blackhaw Viburnum - Viburnum prunifolium
*Leatherleaf Viburnum - Viburnum rhytidophyllum

  • Violet - (several genera)

*Damask Violet - Hesperis matronalis
*Dame's Violet - Hesperis matronalis

*Virginia Virgin's Bower - Clematis virginiana

W

*Coyote Willow - Salix exigua
*Goodding Willow - Salix gooddingii
*Red Willow - Cornus amomum
*Rose Willow - Cornus amomum

*American Winterberry - Ilex verticillata
*Evergreen Winterberry - Ilex glabra
*Virginia Winterberry - Ilex verticillata

*Early Wintercress - Barbarea verna

*Roman Wormwood - Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Corydalis sempervirens

X

Y

*Common Yarrow - Achillea millefolium
*Fernleaf Yarrow - Achillea filipendulina
*Sneezewort Yarrow - Achillea ptarmica

Z

Zinnia


sterculla lychnophora

References

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