, in pre-modern medicine
, were medications chewed in order to draw away phlegm
from the head
. Such treatments were called apophlegmatic
. Of this kind, tobacco
was considered excellent, except for the damage it does to teeth. Sage
was said to have almost the same virtues without the same defects.
The word comes from the Greek ἀπὸ and φλέγμα ('inflammation, heat').