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List of Alabama state symbols

This is a list of state symbols of Alabama. The items on the list have been officially sanctioned by the Alabama Legislature. Alabama has a total of 41 official state emblems. The oldest of which is the Alabama State Bible, from 1853; the most recently designated is the peach, Alabama's state tree fruit, established in 2006

The state is the only state to have no official nickname, and is actually the only one in this situation, although "the Heart of Dixie" was strongly promoted by the Alabama Chamber of Commerce in the 1940s and 1950s, and put on state license plates.

Insignia

Type Symbol Year Image
Bible The Alabama State Bible 1853
Great Seal The Seal of Alabama 1876
Flag The flag of Alabama 1895
Coat of arms The coat of arms of Alabama 1939
Motto Audemus jura nostra defendere
We dare defend our rights
1939
Creed Alabama state creed 1939
Mascot Eastern tiger swallowtail 1989

Species

Type Symbol Year Image
Bird Yellowhammer (Yellow-shafted Flicker)
Colaptes auratus
1933
Saltwater Fish Atlantic tarpon
Megalops atlanticus
1955
Flower Camellia
Camellia japonica L.
1959
Horse Racking horse
Equus caballus
1975
Freshwater Fish Largemouth bass
Micropterus salmoides
1975
Game Bird Wild Turkey
Meleagris gallopavo
1980
Nut Pecan
Carya illinoinensis
1982
Butterfly Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio glaucus
1989
Insect Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
1989
Reptile Alabama red-bellied turtle
Pseudemys alabamensis
1990
Shell Johnstone's Junonia
Scaphella junonia johnstoneae
1990
Tree Southern Longleaf Pine
Pinus palustris
1997
Wildflower Oak-leaf hydrangea
Hydrangea quercifolia Bartr.
1999
Amphibian Red Hills salamander
Phaeognathus hubrichti
2000
Fruit Blackberry
Rubus occidentalis
2004
Mammal American Black Bear
Ursus americanus
2006
Tree Fruit Peach
Prunus persica
2006

Geology

Type Symbol Year Image
Mineral Hematite 1967
Rock Marble 1969
Fossil Basilosaurus
Basilosaurus cetoides
1984
Gemstone Star Blue Quartz 1990
Soil Bama 1997

Culture

Type Symbol Year Image
Song "Alabama" 1931
American folk dance Square dance 1981
Renaissance fair Florence, Alabama Renaissance Fair 1988
Horse show AOHA Alabama State Championship Horse Show 1988
Outdoor drama The Miracle Worker 1991
Barbecue competition Alabama Barbecue Championship 1991
Agricultural museum Dothan Landmark Park 1992
Horseshoe tournament Stockton Fall Horseshoe Tournament 1992
Historic theatre Alabama Theatre 1993
Outdoor musical drama The Incident at Looney's Tavern 1993
Quilt Pine Burr Quilt 1997
Spirit Conecuh Ridge Alabama Fine Whiskey 2004

See also

References

External links

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