Ellsworth Huntington

Ellsworth Huntington (1876 – 1947) was a professor of geology and climatology and economics at Yale University during the early 20th century, known for his studies on climatic determinism, economic growth and economic geography. He served as Presidents of the Ecological Society of America in 1917, the Association of American Geographers in 1923 and the President of the Board of Directors of the American Eugenics Society from 1934 to 1938.

He taught at Euphrates College, Turkey (1897–1901); accompanied the Pumpelly (1903) and Barrett (1905–1906) expeditions to central Asia; and wrote of his Asian experiences in Explorations in Turkestan (1905) and The Pulse of Asia (1907). He taught geography at Yale (1907–1915) and from 1917 was a research associate there, devoting his time chiefly to climatic and anthropogeographic studies. The Climatic Factor (1914), Civilization and Climate (1915, rev. ed. 1924), and, with S. S. Visher, Climatic Changes (1922) were among his works. He also wrote Principles of Human Geography (with S. W. Cushing, 5th ed. 1940) and Mainsprings of Civilization (1945). He was on the original standing committee of the Foundation for the Study of Cycles from 1941.

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