Jones, Anson, 1798-1858, last president of the Texas republic (1844-46), b. Seekonk section of Great Barrington, Mass. He studied medicine and after an itinerant business and medical career went (1833) to Texas and became a doctor. He joined the revolutionary forces in the war against Mexico and was present at the battle of San Jacinto (1836). Entering politics, Jones was a member of the Texas congress, was appointed (1838) by President Sam Houston as minister to the United States, was dismissed (1839) by President Mirabeau B. Lamar, and served as a senator. His appointment as secretary of state in the second Houston administration (1841-44) prepared the way for his election as president in 1844. Following the annexation of Texas, Jones resigned (1846) his authority to the new governor of the state. He committed suicide in 1858.

See biography by H. Gambrell (1948).

Anson, Adrian Constantine, 1851-1922, American baseball player-manager, known usually as "Cap" Anson, b. Marshalltown, Iowa. For most of his career he played with the Chicago club of the National League and was four times league batting champion. As manager (1879-97), he led the team to five pennants. In 1939 he was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame; his lifetime batting average was .339.
Anson, George Anson, Baron, 1697-1762, British admiral. In his famous voyage (1740-44) around the world, Anson, in spite of shipwrecks and scurvy, inflicted great damage on Spanish shipping and returned to England with a rich prize. He was raised to the peerage after his popular naval victory (1747) off Cape Finisterre. Appointed then as first lord of the admiralty, he assisted William Pitt, Lord Chatham, in reorganizing naval administration.

See A Voyage round the World (comp. by R. Walter, rev. ed. 1911); biographies by M. V. Anson (1912) and S. W. C. Pack (1960); L. A. Wilcox, Anson's Voyage (1970).

Anson, Sir William Reynell, 1843-1914, English jurist. He was a founder of the school of law at the Univ. of Oxford. From 1899 to his death he sat in Parliament as a member for Oxford. His Principles of the English Law of Contract (1879) and The Law and Custom of the Constitution (2 vol., 1886-92) are frequently consulted standard works.

See memoir ed. by H. H. Henson (1920).

Burlingame, Anson, 1820-70, American diplomat, b. New Berlin, N.Y. He became a lawyer in Boston and later (1855-61) a Congressman. Defeated for reelection, he was made (1861) minister to China. By his tact and understanding of Chinese opposition to the autocratic methods of foreigners in the treaty ports, he won a place as adviser to the Chinese government. In 1867, China sent him as head of a mission to visit foreign lands in order to secure information and sign treaties of amity. He visited Washington, London, and capitals on the Continent. One result was a treaty between China and the United States, supplementary to the 1858 treaty. This, usually called the Burlingame Treaty, was signed in 1868. It was a treaty of friendship based on Western principles of international law. One clause encouraged Chinese immigration—laborers were then much in demand in the West; later the heavy influx of Chinese under its provisions caused friction on the West Coast and led to the exclusion of Chinese immigrants (see Chinese exclusion).

See biography by F. W. Williams (1912, repr. 1972).

Anson is a city in Jones County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,556 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Jones County.

Gary D. McCaleb, a former mayor of Abilene and the vice president of Abilene Christian University, was born in Anson in 1941.


Anson is located at (32.755529, -99.896301).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 2,556 people, 950 households, and 681 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,219.2 people per square mile (469.9/km²). There were 1,089 housing units at an average density of 519.5/sq mi (200.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.82% White, 2.78% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 18.62% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 32.63% of the population.

There were 950 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,954, and the median income for a family was $30,284. Males had a median income of $26,893 versus $19,038 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,798. About 17.0% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.0% of those under age 18 and 18.8% of those age 65 or over.


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