Definitions

Annona squamosa

Annona squamosa

Annona squamosa a small well-branched tree or shrub that bears edible fruits called sugar-apple, species of the genus Annona and member of the family Annonaceae more willing to grow at lower altitudes than its relatives Annona reticulata and Annona cherimola (whose fruits often share the same name) making it the most widely cultivated of these species.

Common names

  • custard-apple, sugar-apple, sweetsop
  • annone écailleuse, pomme-canelle, Cachiman cannelle, Pomme cannelle
  • Rahmapfel, Süßsack, Schuppenannone, Zuckerapfel
  • Atá, fruta-do-conde, pinha, Ateira, Cabeça-de-negro, condessa, Coração-de-boi, Fruta da condessa, Fruta de condessa, Fruta do conde, Fruteira de conde, Pinha da Bahia, Pinheira
  • anón, anona blanca, chirimoyo, fruta del conde, Ahate, Anón candonga, Anona, Anona blanca, Anona de Castilla, Anona de Guatemala, Chirimoya, Chirimoya verrugosa, Mocuyo, Rinón
  • 番荔枝
  • Kaneelappel
  • バンレイシ
  • น้อยหน่า
  • katara‘āpa Māori, kātara‘apa Māori, naponapo, tapotapo, tapotapo Māori
  • ates, atis
  • tapo tapo, tapotapo
  • ‘apele papalangi
  • सीताफल
  • قشدة حرشفية
  • آنونا اسکوآموزا
  • Ates, Atis
  • katara‘āpa Māori, kātara‘apa Māori, naponapo, tapotapo, tapotapo Māori
  • ates, atis
  • tapo tapo, tapotapo
  • ‘apele papalangi

Description

Annona squamosa is a small, semi-(or late) deciduous, much branched shrub or small tree to tall very similar to soursop (Annona muricata) with a broad, open crown or irregularly spreading branches and a short trunk short, not buttressed at base. The fruit of A. squamosa has delicious whitish pulp, and is popular in tropical markets.Stems and leaves: Branches with light brown bark and visible leaf scars; inner bark light yellow and slightly bitter; twigs become brown with light brown dots (lenticels - small, oval, rounded spots upon the stem or branch of a plant, from which the underlying tissues may protrude or roots may issue).
Thin leaves occur singly, to long and to wide; rounded at the base and pointed at the tip. Pale green on both surfaces and mostly hairless with slight hairs on the underside when young. The sides sometimes are slightly unequal and the leaf edges are without teeth, inconspicuously hairy when young.

Leaf stalks are to long, green, sparsely pubescentFlowers: Solitary or in short lateral clusters about long, 2-4, greenish-yellow flowers on a hairy, slender long stalk. Green outer petals, purplish at the base, oblong, to long, and to wide, inner petals reduced to minute scales or absent. Very numerous stamens; crowded, white, less than long; ovary light green. Styles white, crowded on the raised axis. Each pistil forms a separate tubercle (small rounded wartlike protuberance), mostly to long and to wide which matures into the aggregate fruit.

Flowering occurs in spring-early summer and flowers are pollinated by nitidulid beetles.Fruits and reproduction: Aggregate and soft fruits form from the numerous and loosely united pistils of a flower which become enlarged and mature into fruits which are distinct from fruits of other species of genus (and more like a giant raspberry instead).

The round or heart-shaped greenish yellow, ripened aggregate fruit is pendulous on a thickened stalk; to in diameter with many round protuberances and covered with a powdery bloom. Fruits are formed of loosely cohering or almost free carpels (the ripened pistels).

The pulp is white tinged yellow, edible and sweetly aromatic. Each carpel containing an oblong, shiny and smooth, dark brown to black, to long seed.

Distribution

Annona squamosa is willing to grow at altitudes of to and does well in hot dry climates; much lower at much lower altitudes than many of the other fruit bearers in its family.Native
Neotropic
Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, Virgin Islands.
Central America: El Salvador
Northern South America: French Guyana, Guyana, Venezuela
Western South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Southern South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, UruguayCurrent (naturalized and native)
Neotropic
Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Florida, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, Virgin Islands.
Pacific: Samoa, Tonga
Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama
Northern South America: French Guyana, Guyana, Venezuela
Western South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Southern South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay
Afrotropic: Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zanzibar
Australasia: Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Indomalaya: Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
Palearctic: Cyprus, Greece, Malta

Uses

For uses of fruit from the Custard-apple family see:

References

External links

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