Annona muricata

Annona muricata

Annona muricata is a member of the family of Custard apple trees called Annonaceae and a species of the genus Annona known mostly for its edible fruits Anona. Annona muricata produces fruits that are usually called Soursop due to its slightly acidic taste when ripe. A. muricata trees grew natively in the Caribbean and Central America but are now widely cultivated and in some areas, escaping and living on their own in tropical climates throughout the world.

Common names

  • Brazilian pawpaw, soursop, prickly custard apple, Soursapi
  • guanábana, guanábano, anona, catche, catoche, catuche, zapote agrio
  • laguaná, laguana, laguanaha, syasyap
  • Sauersack, Stachelannone, anona, flashendaum, stachel anone, stachliger
  • sarifa, seremaia
  • anone muriquee, cachiman épineux, corossol épineux,anone, cachiman épineux, caichemantier, coeur de boeuf, corossol, corossolier, epineux
  • sirsak
  • kātara‘apa, kātara‘apa papa‘ā, naponapo taratara

  • zuurzak
  • graviola, araticum-grande, araticum-manso, coração-de-rainha, jaca-de-pobre, jaca-do-Pará, anona, curassol, graviola, pinha azeda
  • sanalapa, sasalapa, sasalapa
  • tapotapo papa‘a, tapotapo urupe
  • 刺果番荔枝


Annona muricata is a small, upright, evergreen that can grow to about tall and cannot stand frost.Stems and leaves: The young branches hairy.

Leaves are oblong to oval, to long and to wide. Glossy dark green with no hairs above, paler and minutely hairy to no hairs below.

The leaf stalks are to {{convert|13|mm|in} long and without hairs.Flowers: Flower stalks (peduncles) are to long and woody. They appear opposite from the leaves or as an extra from near the leaf stalk, each with one or two flowers, occasionally a third.

Stalks for the individual flowers (pedicels) are stout and woody, minutely hairy to hairless and to with small bractlets nearer to the base which are densely hairy.

Petals are thick and yellowish. Outer petals meet at the edges without overlapping and are broadly ovate, to by to , tapering to a point with a heart shaped base. Evenly thick, covered with long, slender, soft hairs externally and matted finely with soft hairs within. Inner petals are oval shaped and overlap. to by . Sharply angled and tapering at the base. Margins are comparatively thin, with fine matted soft hairs on both sides. The receptacle is conical and hairy. Stamens long and narrowly wedge-shaped. The connective-tip terminate abruptly and anther hollows are unequal. Sepals are quite thick and do not overlap. Carpels are linear and basally growing from one base. The ovaries are covered with dense reddish brown hairs, 1-ovuled, style short and stigma truncate. Fruits and reproduction: Dark green, prickly (or bristled) fruits are egg-shaped and can be up to long, with a moderately firm texture. Flesh is juicy, acid, whitish and aromatic.

Abundant seeds the average weight of 1000 fresh seeds is and had an average oil content of 24%. When dried for 3 days in the average seed weight was and were tolerant of the moisture extraction; showing no problems for long-term storage under reasonable conditions.


Annona muricata is tolerant of poor soil and prefers lowland areas between the altitudes of to .Native
Caribbean: Cuba, Jamaica
Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama
South America: Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador

Subspecies which are synonyms

  • Annona muricata var. borinquensis


External links

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