The term's most common usage today refers to a person's sexual attractiveness or raw charisma. But Animal magnetism (French: magnétisme animal) originally signified a magnetic fluid or ethereal medium residing in the bodies of animate beings, as postulated by Franz Mesmer. The term translates Mesmer's magnétisme animal. Mesmer chose the word "animal" to distinguish his supposed vital magnetic force from those referred to at that time as mineral magnetism, cosmic magnetism and planetary magnetism.
However, many scientific practioners - such as French physician, anatomist, gynecologist, and pupil of Joseph Philippe François Deleuze (1753-1835), Théodore Léger (1799-1853), who had moved to Texas around 1836 -- found the label "mesmerism" to be "most improper".
Whilst the Commission agreed that the cures claimed by Mesmer were indeed cures, the commission also concluded there was no evidence of the existence of his magnetic fluid, and that its effects derived from either the imaginations of its subjects or through charlatanry.
He was the first to affect a breach in the theory of the "magnetic fluid," to place in relief the importance of suggestion, and to demonstrate the existence of "autosuggestion."
Mesmerism and hypnosis (as the term is now understood) have nothing in common except their shared historical roots, and the experience of the mesmerized subject is significantly different from that of the hypnotized subject.
Mesmerism shares with practices such as reiki and qi gong a concept of life force or energy. However, the practical and theoretical positions of such practices are on whole substantially different from those of mesmerism.
En ningun lugar en parte alguna: Estudios sobre la historia del magnetismo animal y del hipnotismo. (Studies on the history of animal magnetism and hypnotism.)
Apr 01, 2007; Montiel, L. and Gonzalez de Pablo, A. (Coords (2003). En ningun lugar en parte alguna: Estudios sobre la historia del magnetismo...
You are getting very sleepy Mind, animal magnetism, and the rise of science: a history of mesmerism in 19th-century Britain
Dec 20, 1998; MESMERIZED Powers of Mind in Victorian Britain By Alison Winter. University of Chicago Press. 464 pp. Illustrated. $30. James R....
Benjamin Franklin: Verification and validation of the scientific process in healthcare, as demonstrated by the report of the royal commission on animal magnetism and mesmerism
Apr 01, 2006; Best, M.A., Neuhauser, D., & Slavin, L. (2003). Benjamin Franklin: Verification and validation of the scientific process in...