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Nadiad

Nadiad (Gujarati:નડીયાદ Hindi:नडीयाद) is a city and an administrative center of the Kheda district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

The city is famous for its socio-educational-religious humanitarian services led by Santram Mandir and supported by institutions of higher learning such as Dharmasinh Desai University, M. U. Patel Urological Research Institute, Mission Heart Institute, Mahagujarat Hosptial and Heart Center, and the Civil Hospital.

An extraordinary example of the socio-religious humanitarian service is the Santramnagar, Kutch. After the devastating 2001 Gujarat earthquake, Santram Mandir; in partnership with Gujarat Government; built the brand new town in less than a year to resettle thousands of people affected by the calamity.

History of Establishment

The city of Nadiad is said to be settled by NAT (rope dancers). Hence the historical name is "Natiprad" or "Natpur". It is also referred to as Nandgam. The city has nine routes, and on each route there is a step well. Hence, the city is now widely known as Nadiad. The city is also well known for the number 9. For there are 9 villages or towns located to all 9 roads that exit from Nadiad. 9 step wells around the city. 9 lakes in the city. Nadiad was also known as 'Shakshar Bhumi' - The land of educated.

Many great poets and authors like Jhaverchand Meghani, Ambalal Purani, Mahadevbhai Desai etc. stayed here. It is believed that one of the famous article by Jhaverchand Meghani (Jer to pidha jani jani) was written in Nadiad.

The city was formerly ruled by Muslims, and later on by the Gaykwad of Baroda. Malhar Rao Gaykwad built the 1st Hindu temple called Narayan Dev Mandir, located in the center of the city.

The Patidars were the main residents of Nadiad. They are separated into 4 groups, Desai Vago Samaldas Desai, Kakarkhad, Lakhawad, and Samadi Chakla. The Patidars of Desai Vago were the descendants of Kheta Patel. Vaghjibhai Samaldas Desai constructed a pond named Kheta Talav in 1798. In 1800, he was honored by Gaykwad and given the title "Desai". Some of the Desai family members had a chance to be educated because of the opportunities provided to them by the Britishers. The Sons of Haridas and Biharidas Desai were the Diwans of Kachha and Saurasta. They are distinguished as Bhao Shaeb (respected brother in Maharastra). Dharmsingh Desai was a member of the Parliament and a well-known industrialist. He established some industries and the Technical College in Nadiad. Dr. Narendra Dharmsinh Desai followed in his father*s footsteps and established an electronic industry as well as the Dharmsinh Agricultural and Industrial Research Foundation.

The eminent Desai from the Bapuji Desai Khadki were Tulsidas, his son Vithalbhai, grandsons Dr. Virendra and Maganbhai Prabhudas Desai. Tulsidas Desai was the first Barrister in the Kheda District. Vithalbhai was the Subordinate Civil Judge. Dr. Virendra Desai established the Muljibhai Urological Hospital and the Research Institute of Kidney Diseases, for which Jayrambhai Muljibhai Patel(Chairman of Rohit Paper and Pulp Millis) of Kakarkhad donated generously. Maganbhai Prabhudas was the Vice Chancellor of Gujarat University. C. C. Desai and his brother, Manubhai Desai, form Sojitrani Kjadki were I.C.S. C.C. Desai was the co-student of Subhash Chandra Bose and also the administrative officer during the British regime and Independent India. He was elected as M.P. from Banas Kantha. Manubhai Desai was the Judge of the Supreme Court of India. Govindbhai Desai from Bhavandias Khadki was the Deputy. Prime Minister in Baroda State.

The eminent Patidars from Kakarkhad were two brothers, Jayantibhai and Manubhai. I.V. Patel and the two brothers donated generously to the Nadiad Education Society to build the Commerce and Arts Colleges, receptively. Babubhai Jashbhai Patel was elected as M.L.A. at the age of 26 and was the Chief Minster of Gujarat State from the period 1977-1980.

Ratilal Kushaldas Patel of Lakhawad was the first Patel to be the President of the Board of Control of Cricket [[(CCI) in India and was also a member of the MCC in England. Being warriors as well as politically active, the Patidars of Samadi Chakla, contributed greatly to the independence Movement and for the Movement of Maha Gujarat. The warriors blocked the military train, destroyed the railroad tracks, and saved the city of Ahmedabad by opposing in rolet Act of the British Government.

The Patidars were apprehended and prosecuted in court. The case was named the "Patta Case". Maganbhai was dubbed as "[[Raja" by the people of Nadiad for his leading role when all were acquitted in the "Patta Case".

A famous Gurbo called Mujro, was written and sung at the famous Ambaji Temple. The Gurbo describes the Patta Case and is still sung during Navartri Festival by Maravadis of Nadiad.

Ravjibhai Ishwerbhai Patel's only son, Shaheed Arvind, was the first warrior to sacrifice his life in the Maha Gujarat Movement. Today, Patel Madan is still considered to be the political activities of Ahmedbad Gujarat State. Ramanbhai G. Patel , of Samadi Chakla was the first principle of the College of Physical Education in Rajpipla, Gujarat. C.J. Patel of the Por, well known tobacco Merchant, donated to the Nadiad Education Society to build the J&J Science College of Nadiad. Goverdhanram Madhav Rao Tripathi of Nadiad, was an author of the great Gujarti novel, Saravathichandra. Santram Mandir was constructed one hundred and fifty years ago And Mai Mandir http://www.maimandir.org was constructed sixty five years ago. These temples contributed to the social, educational, and religious need of the people of Nadiad and other villages of the Kheda district. Vithal Kanya Vidyalay, in memory of Veer Vitalbhai, educated women to become social and political leaders. Hindu Anath Ashram (Orphanage) of Nadiad is renowned for its services to the orphans.

Besides Patidar other communities such as Brahmins, Vaniks, Barots, and Muslims also contributed in the development of Nadiad. Patel's from Mota-pore, Vachewad and Nana-pore, are now among the new generation who are contributing towards the development of Nadiad. Nadiad was mainly established by Nagar's the eminent caste in Gujarat and not by patidars as every body knows that Nadiad is known as "shakshar bhumi" only because of Nagar's because there are 9 shakshar's(highly knowledgable and highly qualified)and all of them are Nagar's they are highly respectable not in Nadiad but in whole world poets like Govardhanram Tripathi and Mast Kavi are Nagars

Nadiad "BHAUSAHEB NI HAVELI" has 249 room in the house, which less by just 91 room than Indain Glory " Rashttapati Bhavan" this prestigios haveli belong to Bhaousdaheb the duiring pre- ondependent era where Swami Vibekanand has stayed and Mahatma Gandji has styed for anight during the "Satyagrah"

Geography

Nadiad is located at . It has an average elevation of 35 metres (114 feet).

Maps

  • http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=Map+of+Nadiad&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Nadiad had a population of 192,799. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nadiad has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 73%. In Nadiad, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Scholars and Personalities

People like Haridas and Biharidas Desai of Nadiad were the flames of public service. The seat of Santarm Maharaj and the Santram Temple earned fame not only for its religious importance, but for the public service activities Like Free Medical help in many places and to give food to the hungers like baggers and also to sadhu-sant. Nadiad was also the land of laureates and literatures during the later years of l9th century and beginning of the instant. The author of the epic like Gujarati novel 'Saraswatichandra' Govardhanram Tripathi, Mansukhram Shivaram, Zaverilal Yagnik, Ranchhodbhai Udayram, Manilal Nabhubhai, Balashanker, the poet-painter Phoolchand Master, Rasakavi Raghunath Brahmbhatt were a few of the many literary personalities. The residence of Govardhanram has been preserved like a monument and his statue has been placed in the heart of the town.

Shree Prafulbhai Patel ,The Civil Aviation Minister is also from Nadiad.

Shree Dinsha Patel, the M.P. from Nadiad is the current Minister of State in theMinistry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.

Pujya Mota is a great spiritual leader from Nadiad. His original name was Chunilal Asharam Bhavsar. He struggled to support economic needs of the family at a tender age, held high dreams of higher education. Following Gandhiji's message, he gave up the dream and dedicated his life for the upliftment of Harijans. During this time, he progressed on spiritual path and attained a peak level that he was known as the "Ramana Maharshi of Gujarat" His spiritual writings are a guiding light for the seekers, and the "Silence Rooms" in his Hariom Ashram on the banks of river Shedhi is a vital self-search spiritual experience. He did not wear traditional orange clothes of the Sadhus but he departed the body on July 23 1976 in Samadhi.

Nadiad was the birth-place of freedom fighter, statesman, and first Deputy Prime Minister of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

Education

University

Colleges

  • Ayurvadic College
  • Law College
  • The Methodist Mission Nursing School
  • J. S. Patel Ayurvedic college
  • J&J Science college
  • I.V.Patel college of Commerce
  • T.J.Patel English Medium commerce college
  • C.B.PATEL ARTS COLLEGE

Schools

  • St. Mary's School
  • St. Anne's High School
  • New English School(NES)/English Teaching School (ETS) : http://nesnadiad.org/
  • B. P. H. School
  • Jeevan Vikas
  • Shree Swami Vivekanad Vidya Vihar
  • Sharda Mandir school

*D.P. DESAI High school

  • samju ba high school
  • Euro Kids - Nadiad - NorthPole Group School.
  • SNV INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL(www.snvschool.org

Famous People Born or Lived Here

  • Vallabhai Z. Patel (aka Sardar Patel), born on Oct 31, 1875 in Desaivago
  • Laxmandasji Maharaj, Santram Mandir
  • Dharmsinh D. Desai, Industrialist, Philanthropist, Educationalist (DDU, DDIT, DDIC, DD Heart Center)
  • Babubhai J. Patel, Chief Minister of Gujarat
  • I. V. Patel, Educationalist (I.V. Patel Commerce College)
  • Bakul Triphati, Humorist, Writer (Kakko ane Barankhdi)
  • Goverdhanram Triphati, Writer (Saraswatichandra)
  • Pujya Mota, Social Reformer
  • Indubhai Patel, Industrialist (IPCO)
  • Dr. V.V. Desai, Founder - Kidney Hospital
  • Dr. Dinesh Patel, Chief of Arthroscopic Surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital, Popularly known as "Father of Arthroscopic Surgery"
  • C. J. Patel, Tobacco Merchant
  • Prafull Patel, Civil Aviation Minister, India
  • Dasharathbhai Maganbhai Patel, a world-renowned artist and first director of national institute of design, Ahmedabad, is also from Kankarkhand. His grandfather, Maganbhai Chaturbhai Patel, is a cousin's brother of Muljibhai Patel, whose son Jayarambhai of rohit pulp and paper mills founded the well-known kidney hospital in Nadiad. Maganbhai was also the barrister at law from England. Dr. Shnelata Desai is probably the first lawyer/gynecologist in patidar society, is granddaughter of Maganbhai Chaturbhai Patel, of Nadiad.

Transport

A grand railway junction serves Nadiad and surrounding areas on the Ahmedabad-Mumbai railway line. The railway junction is also connected to Vaso and Bhadran on a narrow gauge line as well as Modasa on a meter gauge line. The newly built Gujarat Expressway (a limited access divided highway) has an exit for Nadiad offering a rapid transport service to Ahmedabad, Vadodara or Anand. National Highway (NH) 8 connects the city with smaller towns and villages offering excellent, affordable and rapid transport service for business, education and leisure.

Myrid of Gujarat State Transport buses connect Nadiad to other major cities of Gujarat as well as neighbouring states. A recent advent, private transport companies also provide excellent transportation to many destinations near and far. Within the city, a limited service transport is offered by privately contracted bus service operator. Although, most of the city can be accessed by autorickshaws served by dedicated and reliable drivers. The coziness of the city allows thousands of bicyclists or motorcyclist to reach any city based destination within minutes.

Industries

The city is a hub of industrial productivity led by the New Shorrock Mills of the Mafatlal Group. Other major industrial units providing valuable employment to the local population are IPCO, American Dryfruits and Ashoka Foods - manufacturer of packaged food. The city is also a major trading center of Indian spices such as jeera, hing, haldi and rai (mustard seeds) as well as cotton. Being the administrative center of the Kheda District, Nadiad has RTO, District Collector and Records offices which bring thousands of people to the city to transact official business. Nadiad also boast a vibrant educational, health and religio-cultural institutions generating tremendous entrepreneurial or employment opportunities.

Cinemas and entertainment

Nadiad has many theaters which screen Hindi, Gujarati as well as English films. The theaters being Alka, Vaishali, Globe, Paras, Laxmi, Alankar, Prabhat, CINE MAGIC*(Shreyas), Shital and . Alka cinema is famous for screening Gujarati movies in surrounding villages. Various other Laser cinema halls have also come up round the city. Also the hotels like Woodlands, Manmohan, Blueberry are the spice of nadiad.

Tourism

The temple, Santram Mandir, famous for its carvings, is in Nadiad. The 110 years old Methodist Church and methodist mission hospital are also a worth visiting place. The school for deaf and dumb and Badhir Garden are also points of attraction.

Mai Mandir

Mota Mahadev (A Place where famous Sarasvati Chandra Novel writeen)

Hospitals and Healthcare

Nadiad is a major center of general and specialized health care services for heart, kidney, oncology (cancer), children and women's health care needs. Health centers such as DDMU and Mahagujarat Hospital provide world class diagnosis and treatment for heart ailments as well as cancer treatments. M.U. Patel Urological Center is a world renowned urological disease diagnosis, treatment and research institute servicing millions of Indians. It was the third kidney specialty hospital in India during its inception in March 1978. The Civil Hospital at Nadiad provides affordable health care to millions of economically disadvantaged residents in and around the city for general and emergency care. For traditional herbal medicine, J.S. Patel Ayurvedic College and Hospital is renowned in Gujarat.

The needy residents of the city and its neighboring areas are blessed with free foundational health care services offered by Santram Mandir Janseva Trust. The Trust; in partnership with hundreds of medical professionals - doctors, nurses, therapist and technicians; offers free dental, vision and general care service at no or nominal charge. All Nadiadis are blessed and thankful to these dedicated servants of Santram Maharaj.

An advent of early education opportunity afforded residents of the city to pursue challenging education in the field of medicine. At the conclusion of their education, many decided to serve the city of their roots. The city is blessed with their un-bridal desire to serve the citizen. There are over 50 private hospitals in the city, and over 1000 doctors, nurses, technicians, dentists and therapist specializing in complex specialties such as cardiovascular surgery, oncology and urinary disease treatment to general specialties such as Internal Medicine, Family Practice and Gynecological services.

These are some of the major hospitals located in Nadiad:

  • Muljibhai Patel Urological hospital(also known as Kidney Hospital)
  • D.D.M.M.Institute of Cardiac Surgery (also known as Heart Hospital-Mission Road-Nadiad)
  • Mahagujarat Hospital
  • Methodist Mission Hospital(General Hospital Situated at Mission Road- Nadiad)
  • Ayurvedic Hospital at J. S. Patel Ayurvedic College

External links

References

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