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Gračanica, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Gračanica is a town and a municipality in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, located east of Doboj and west of Tuzla.

Municipality

The Gračanica municipality is currently the home of about 55,000 people. Villages around the town are: Piskavica, Škahovica, Soko, Vranovići, Doborovci, Malešići, Lukavica, Džakule, Prijeko Brdo, Trnovci, Stjepan Polje, Pribava, Donja Lohinja, Gornja Lohinja, Donja Orahovica, Gornja Orahovica, Rašljeva, Miričina.

The Gračanica municipality covers 219 square kilometers.

History

First writings about Gračanica were found in Turkish archives from year 1528, in which time Gračanica was known by its iron mine. Some away from the town was a middle age fortress named Sokol. Gračanica got the status of a town in 1548. It grew bigger during the XVII century, with the help of Ahmed-paša Budimlija, who built the White Mosque, a public bath and a clock tower. Through the time of Austrian Empire,Gračanica experienced huge economic,urban and culture development.

Climate

The average temperature during January is , and during July .

This area is characteristic for small quantity of downfalls,which average year amount is 830mm/m2. Maximum quantity of downfalls is in May (121mm) and June (101mm),and minimum in March (41mm). Snowfalls are most often at January,February and March (Average: 50 days in a year ). Gračanica is area with continental climate type.

Demographics

Ethnic Composition
Year Serb  % Muslims  % Croats  % Yugoslavs  % Others  % Total
1961 8,543 28.29% 20,726 68.62% 171 0.57% 686 2.27% 77 0.25% 30,203
1971 13,135 27,97% 33,135 70,57% 199 0.42% 184 0.39% 297 0.65% 46,950
1981 13,226 24.35% 38,189 70.32% 135 0.25% 2,359 4.34% 402 0.74% 54,311
1991 13,566 22.97% 42,628 72.19% 135 0.23% 1,501 2.54% 1,220 2.07% 59,050
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In 1991 the Town of Gračanica had a total of 12,711 people...

2005

In 2005, almost entire population of the municipality (100%) was composed of ethnic Bosniaks.

References

  • Official results from the book: Ethnic composition of Bosnia-Herzegovina population, by municipalities and settlements, 1991. census, Zavod za statistiku Bosne i Hercegovine - Bilten no.234, Sarajevo 1991.

Twin towns

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