Anemone quinquefolia is an early-spring flowering plant in the genus Anemone, native to North America. It is commonly called Wood Anemone, though it is not to be confused with Anemone nemorosa, a European species.
It is a perennial herbaceous plant, growing in early spring to 10-30 cm tall, and dying back down to the root-like rhizomes by mid summer. The rhizomes, that spread just below the earth surface, grow quickly, contributing to its rapid spread in woodland conditions, where it can carpet large areas. The flower is 1-2.5 cm diameter, with five (occasionally four, or six to nine) petal-like segments (actually tepals). The flowers are white, commonly flushed pinkish.
Leaves are deeply lobed with toothed margins.
There are three varieties.
Anemone quinquefolia is part of a species complex that includes A. grayi, A. lancifolia, A. lyalliaa, A. oregana and A. piperi.