Cupid, classical statue; in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples
Ancient Roman god of love in all its varieties, identified with the Greek Eros
. Cupid was the son of Mercury
. He was usually represented as a winged infant who carried a bow and quiver of arrows, which he shot at humans to inflict wounds that inspired love or passion. He was also sometimes depicted as a beautiful youth. Though generally considered beneficent, he could be mischievous in matchmaking, often at his mother's behest.
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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.