Richard Julius Ernst Frommel
- April 6
) was a German obstetrician
who was a native of Augsburg
. In 1877 he received his medical doctorate at the University of Würzburg
, and for the next ten years practiced medicine in Vienna
. At Berlin he was an assistant to gynecologist Karl Ludwig Ernst Schroeder
(1838-1887). From 1887 until 1901 he was director of the department of obstetrics and gynaecology at the University of Erlangen
. Despite a successful career in gynecology, Frommel abruptly retired from medicine in 1901 at the age of 46.
Frommel is known for his pioneer work regarding treatment of ruptured ectopic pregnancy. A surgical technique known as the Frommel operation is used for treatment for retroversion of the uterus by shortening the uterosacral ligaments. With Johann Baptist Chiari (1817-1854), the eponymous Chiari-Frommel syndrome is named. This condition is a rare endocrine disorder that affects women who have recently given birth. It is also known as the postpartum galactorrhea-amenorrhea syndrome.