is a village in Gallatin County
, United States
. The population was 139 at the 2000 census.
Junction is located at (37.722726, -88.237973).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²), all of it land.
The Crenshaw House
, better known as "The Old Slave House", is located at Junction, near the intersection of Illinois Route 13
and Route 1
. A mansion atop Hickory Hill, the house was built in 1842 by John Crenshaw
, who employed black slaves
to work the nearby saline wells. Crenshaw also operated an underground railroad
in reverse, capturing free blacks and selling them into slavery. The house is believed by some to be haunted and a number of journalists and thrill seekers have attempted to spend nights in the house. The house was operated as a privately owned tourist attraction for a time until 1996. The cramped slave quarters in the attic could be viewed. The state of Illinois purchased the site in 2000 and local activists hope to see it opened as a historical site. The salt springs can be visited. They are on state land along the south bank of the Saline River, just east of the bridge on Route 1.
The low-lying town has been plagued by Ohio River floods in 1937 and again in 1997.
The Island Riffle variety of watermelon is a popular crop in the area.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 139 people, 66 households, and 43 families residing in the village. The population density
was 156.7 people per square mile (60.3/km²). There were 75 housing units at an average density of 84.5/sq mi (32.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.40% White
, 2.88% Native American
and 0.72% Asian
of any race were 2.88% of the population.
There were 66 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.65.
In the village the population was spread out with 18.7% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 80.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.8 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $34,219. Males had a median income of $34,167 versus $27,083 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,256. There were 3.8% of families and 11.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 41.4% of those over 64.
- 1997 flood in Junction http://www.lth6.k12.il.us/schools/gallatin/flood_junction.htm
- Junction school http://www.lth6.k12.il.us/schools/gallatin/junction.htm
- Prairie Ghosts http://www.prairieghosts.com/slave.html Prairie Ghosts
- Illinois History http://www.illinoishistory.com/oshpage.html